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Karaftoo cave (Karaftu cave)

Helpful information about caves and canyons in Iran like name, introduction, maps, requirements and...

Karaftoo cave (Karaftu cave)

Postby Mehdi » Tue Aug 06, 2013 5:54 am

Introduction: Karaftoo cave(Persian: کرفتو) (Also: Karafto, Karaftu) is located in Kordestan province and was used to be utilized by man in pre-historic ages. Karaftoo was also regarded as a temple. It has vast spaces and corridors and some effects of primitive human drawings have been also found here.


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Location: Kordestan province

Walking path length: Just a few hundreds meter

Days of trip: 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 12 hr driving from Tehran to the cave)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: Spring

Daily time visit: Yes, 8am to 8pm

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, waterproof shoes, headlamp

Legal permission need: No, but must buy a ticket


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes, Just 91x


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Hotel: No

Village: No

Shop: No

Gasoline: No


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How to get there:
1- Go to west terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus to Bijar or Divan dareh(Distance from Tehran to Divan dareh City is 525Km)
3- Take a taxi to the cave


Nearest airport: No airport less than 100 km

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 km


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Location on map:





Pictures:

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Re: Karaftoo cave

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Dec 21, 2013 2:32 pm

Karaftu is a large natural cave whose unique beauty attracts a large number of domestic and foreign tourists every year. Located 72 km east of Saqqez in Kordestan Province, it has been a residence to various ethnic groups and has undergone the most changes experienced by a natural cave as a result of human activities.
However, according to speleologists it cannot be compared to any other limestone caves due to various specifications.
Studies have shown that it has been under water during the second geological period (Cretaceous Period) and mountains surrounding it emerged out of the water in late Crustaceous Period.
Architecture of Karaftu cave is remarkable. It is about 500 m long with chambers and corridors in four levels. The height of the cave is about 20-30 m from the hilltop and there is a stone stairway at its mouth. At the entrance of the cave, there are a number of connecting passages which link a number of chambers and the lighting in those chambers comes from windows cut in stone. The mark of bolts and locks on windows and doors leading to each room are important signs of its architecture. On the top of a chamber on the third level of the cave, there is a Greek inscription called Heracles. It reads, “Heracles lives there and no evil can enter it.” Some historians maintain that the cave has been a temple for a Greek goddess, which has been made by Seleucids on their way to the west.
Karaftu was first explored by a Russian orientalist called Khanikov in 1917. Karaftu has been a haven for local people at time of trouble. Evidence shows that it has been a residence for various peoples before the advent of Islam. Karaftu cave is also known as Karaftu Castle by the local people.

Source:Tehrantimes
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Re: Karaftoo cave (Karaftu cave)

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Jan 29, 2014 12:39 pm

Karaftoo Cave is located in the western Iranian province of Kordestan, near the city of Divandarreh and about 72 kilometers east of Saghez. This cave had originally been under water during the second geological age (Mesozoic); little by little, troglodytes inhabited it and left their traces there. Karaftoo is a calcareous and natural cave, which has been changed in different areas to be suitable for human accommodation. The cut stones and the corridors are indicative of man’s manipulation in the cave. The cave entrance is located on a very beautiful wall, 25 meters above the ground and was very hard to access until stairs were put in place.


Strategically, this area connects the ancient road from Syria and Iraq, leading through Iran to Afghanistan (on the Silk Road). It has four floors and its length is about 750 meters with several minor routes branch off from it. During human presence in the cave, a lot of transformation had been made such as the creation of the several rooms, corridors and halls. Some manmade windows are also still present. The Karaftoo Cave was also regarded as a temple. Engravings of animal, human and plants are visible on the wall of some of the rooms and have a religious concept. One of such alleged temples depicts the carved name of Hercules, the Greek God, on the wall accompanied by a horse rider hunting a deer which is believed to illustrate Goudarz the Parthian King.


Khofashan (bats) Hall is one of the most beautiful parts of the Karaftoo cave which is now equipped with a lighting system so that tourists can easily view this part. The ceiling of the hall is covered by lime holes. There is a 40-meter long chasm in the hall where bats used to live for years; but now their dark shelter is lightened and is open to the visitors and tourists.


In the wake of rehabilitating the Karaftoo cave, cleaning up and digging works of the inner and outer parts of the cave have been completed and building stone platforms outdoor has started. Meanwhile, a parking lot on the road leading to the cave is also under construction. An archeological site, sanitary wares, accommodation facilities, and ticket booth have been built. The outdoor area has been covered by cobblestones as well.


Experts believe that this cave is worthy of being registered in the World Heritage List due to its Greek tablets and stunning architecture as well as being the dwelling place of men in the prehistoric times until the Ilkhanid era. Meanwhile, Karaftoo has already been registered in the National Cultural Heritage List. It has vast spaces and corridors and some effects of primitive human drawings have been also found here.

http://historicaliran.blogspot.com.ar/2 ... -cave.html

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Karaftu Cave on the Silk Road

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Mar 12, 2014 4:17 pm

Karaftu Cave on the Silk Road

Karaftu is one of the biggest natural caves of Iran, which has undergone changes due to the hundreds of years of human habitation in the region.

The cave, located 72 kilometers east of Saqqez city, is among the most spectacular and scenic regions of Kordestan province and attracts a lot of foreign and domestic tourists throughout the year.

Located at a high altitude, the cave is made of limestone, Iranreview.org wrote.

Strategically, this site connects the ancient road from Syria and Iraq to Afghanistan via Iran, which means it is located on the Silk Road.

Throughout history, many caravans have passed this road, imparting a huge importance to this region. Many sites in the immediate surrounding of this rocky mountain have been found to be connected via various tunnels and corridors through the rocks.

Karaftu’s beauty is unique. Speleologists maintain that it cannot be compared to any other cave.

Studies have shown that it has been under water during the second geological period (Cretaceous Period) and mountains surrounding it emerged out of the water in late Crustaceous Period.

The place housed various ethnic groups and has undergone great changes experienced as a result of human activities.

The architecture of Karaftu Cave is remarkable. It is about 500-meter long with chambers and corridors on four levels. The height of the cave is about 20-30 meters from the hilltop.

There is a stone stairway at its entrance from where a number of connecting passages link a number of chambers and light enters those chambers from windows cut in stone.

The mark of bolts and locks on windows and doors leading to each room are important signs of its architecture. On the top of a chamber on the third level of the cave, there is a Greek inscription called Heracles. It reads, “Heracles lives there and no evil can enter it.” Some historians maintain that the cave was a temple of a Greek goddess built by the Seleucids on their way to the west.

Karaftu was first explored by a Russian orientalist called Khanikov in 1917.

The cave offered a safe haven for the locals at times of trouble. Evidence shows that it has been a residence of various peoples before the advent of Islam.

Karaftu Cave is also known as Karaftu Castle by the local people.

(Source: Iran Daily)

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Re: Karaftoo cave (Karaftu cave)

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 19, 2014 12:02 pm

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Re: Karaftoo cave (Karaftu cave)

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 19, 2014 12:05 pm

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Karaftou cave- Ghar e Karaftoo

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Mar 07, 2015 8:45 am

The Ancient Cave of Karaftoo
This cave is 60 kilometers away from the north of Diwandareh, near a village which is called Youz Bash Kandy. It is one of the most attractive places of the province. This calcareous and natural cave has been changed in different areas because it has been usedasa living place. The most important feature of the cave is its rocky architecture. It is a four-storey cave which is dug in the mountain.
There is a Greek epigraph over the entrance of one of the rooms on the third floor which introduces the cave as Hercules’s temple.

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