Gorgan City-Shahr e Gorgan

Gorgan City-Shahr e Gorgan

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Apr 26, 2015 5:06 am

Introduction:Gorgan City-Shahr e Gorgan(Persian:شهر گرگان)

The city of Gorgan covers an area of more than 1615 square kilometers and is situated in the vicinity of Iran-Turkmenistan border. This region maintains a diverse climate and consists of a mountainous region, thick forests, green meadows, plains, deserts, the sea, rivers, marshes, and farmlands. The city of Gorgan is the capital of Golestan Province. This city maintains a mild climate, although the summer season in this region is relatively warm and humid.

The people of Gorgan speak in Farsi language, with an Astarabadi dialect. This city is home to a number of different indigenous ethnicities, including Fars, Turkmen, Baluch, Kazakh, Sistani, Daylami, Mazandarani, Sabzevari, Kashmari, Shahroudi, and Bastaami ethnicities. The city of Gorgan was known as Astarabad until the year 1937.

It is appropriate for us to become more familiar with the historical background of this region of Iran.

In Greek, the city of Gorgan was known as Hyrcania, and in Arabic it was popularly known as Jorjaan.

Gorgan is one of the most important regions of Iran in regard to archeological studies. Based on existing evidence, the region of Gorgan maintains a rich and valuable history. Ceramic dishes dating back to 6,000 years ago have been found in different parts of this region, including the Tourang-Tapeh which manifests the ancient human civilization of this region.

In the 1st Century AD, Gorgan was an independent land and had an ambassador to the Roman Empire. In 4th Century AH, this city was the capital of the ruling system. The Mongols razed the ancient city of Gorgan to the ground throughout their raids, forcing the people of this city to immigrate to the city of Astarabad in forested foothills. Astarabad, due to its appropriate climate, fertile land, and economic prosperity gradually developed and turned into a large city, which was later renamed as the city of Gorgan.

Several Ulema and scientists took up residence in this city during the Safavid era.

In the early centuries after the advent of the sacred religion of Islam, Gorgan was the cradle of important scientists of that era.

Onsor al-Ma'aaly, who penned the valuable book "Qaaboosnameh", and Abdul-Qaher Jorjani, who has left behind precious compilations in Arabic language grammar, played important roles in development of Farsi and Arabic literatures. In regard to the science of medicine, this region has highly contributed to this science in the World of Islam such that two of the most famous physicians of Iran and the world have been from the region. Also, the well-known philosopher, Mirdamad, rose to fame from this region.

In the past, the city of Gorgan had five gateways, and was surrounded by towers. In the northern corner of the city of Gorgan, a wide wall popularly known as Eskandar Wall was erected in the Sassanid era to prevent the attacks of northern ethnicities. The experts of the Cultural Heritage Organization believe that the hills, en route to this wall, are home to the remains of these towers and fortifications which were built in order to protect this city. This 200-kilometer wall is the third historical wall of the world after the Wall of China and the German Wall. In historical writings, this wall was referred to as the wall of Eskandar.

Dear listeners, given the ancient history of the city of Gorgan, it is home to several valuable historical monuments. The Jaame'e Mosque is one of the historical monuments of this city, which dates back to 5th and 6th Centuries AH. Currently, only its brick-made minaret and its inscription have remained. According to the experts, this minaret is one of the four unique minarets of the world.

The Emadiyeh School is one of the ancient schools of Gorgan, with a highly unique and ancient architecture.

One of the other tourist attraction sites of the city of Gorgan is the Na'albandaan Market, which in the past has been a trade hub and a center for dissemination of cultural and social thoughts. This market remains as a commercial hub to this day. It is one of the most beautiful markets of northern Iran.

The Museum of Gorgan is also another tourist attraction site of this city, which includes the archeology, and anthropology sections. This is the 4th important museum of Iran in regard to antiquities; some of which date back to 3rd Millennium BC.

The tourist attraction sites of this region of Iran are not just limited to its historical monuments.

The Golestan Province is covered with thick forests, green meadows, a lake, wildlife, and numerous rivers.

The national forests in the world are regarded as safe habitats for animals and birds and cultivation of different kinds of trees, and are highly attractive regions for the eco-tourists. Golestan National Park, or in other words, Golestan Forest, is globally famous and is a top tourist destination for many holidaymakers who pay a visit to this beautiful and thick forest, to rest and enjoy the serenity of this region. The distance from the holy city of Mashhad to the city of Gorgan stands at 560 kilometers; 40 kilometers of which goes through Golestan Forest. This park covers an area of 91,890 hectares, and is engulfed by the three provinces of Golestan, Semnan, and Northern Khorasan.

The National Golestan Park is home to rocks made of limestone, which maintain a mild slope. This park is situated between the Caspian Sea and dry eastern regions; thereby it maintains a diverse climate from semi-humid to semi-dry regions.

The presence of almost 1,000 flora species in this region has led to creation of habitats for a wide variety of wild mammals. The animals that live in the forest include deer, rams, ewes, goats, panthers, grizzly bears, wolves, and cats, in addition to other small mammals.

There are also a wide variety of bird species in this park. Overall, 110 bird species stay in National Golestan Park and a number of other bird species migrate to this park in the cold season.

Moreover, there are different types of trees in the National Golestan Park.

Meanwhile, a number of residential units have been established in this park for the rest and residence of travelers, who pay a visit to this national park, which pave the ground for tourists to view these unique and pretty scenes, in addition to a variety of animal and bird species.

The beauties of this park are so astounding that cannot be described in words. One can only say that this park maintains a scenic landscape.



Location: Gorgan City,Golestan province

Walking path length: -

Days of trip: 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need about 6-8 hr driving from Tehran to Gorgan )
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: No Limit, Spring is the best time.

Daily time visit:

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need: No


Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: You can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes


Hotel: in Gorgan city Yes

Village: Located in Gorgan city

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes


How to get there:
1- Go to east terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus to Gorgan (Also you can use train or air plane)Distance from Tehran to Gorgan is 393 km.

Nearest airport: Gorgan airport

Nearest train station: Gorgan station


Location on map:

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