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Qeshm Island-Gheshm island-Jazira-ye Qešm

Helpful information about islands and beaches in Iran like name, introduction, maps, requirements and...

Re: Qeshm Island (Gheshm island)

Postby Cherie Boyce » Sat Feb 22, 2014 10:47 am

@ Fatemeh_abdi
I want some more information about Gheshm island. As you said you visited twice i hope you guide me in better way.
My tour will be very short i have not much time for this Island. How can i manage my visit in one day ?
What is important and must visited in Gheshm island ?
I enjoying when i go indianapolis to nyc in bus with http://www.getbusticket.com/indianapolis-to-new-york.html
I always booked my ticket in advance online.
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Re: Qeshm Island (Gheshm island)

Postby Fatemeh_abdi » Sat Mar 01, 2014 7:14 am

Cherie Boyce wrote:@ Fatemeh_abdi
I want some more information about Gheshm island. As you said you visited twice i hope you guide me in better way.
My tour will be very short i have not much time for this Island. How can i manage my visit in one day ?
What is important and must visited in Gheshm island ?

I think it's better to continue here:
viewtopic.php?f=47&t=1749&p=3319#p3319
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The Natural Beauties of Qeshm Island

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 05, 2014 11:45 am

The Natural Beauties of Qeshm Island

The vast territory of Iran is not limited to only 30 provinces.

Scores of small and big islands in the Persian Gulf waters, as well as some in the Caspian Sea, are an integral part of Iran's history and culture. These islands are home to decent and endeavoring people.

We talked about the natural beauties of Kish Island in our last week's program. Today we introduce to our readers Qeshm Island - the largest island in the Persian Gulf, which is bigger than the island state of Bahrain.

Qeshm Island with an area of about 1,500 square km is two-and-a-half times bigger than Bahrain. The 135 km long island is located along the Strait of Hormuz and lies parallel to the port of Bandar Abbas on its northeast and the port of Khameer on northwest. The island, at its widest point spans 40 kilometers and at its narrowest point 11 km. It is interesting to note that the Strait of Hormuz with a width of only 34 km is one of the most strategic waterways of the world, through which the world's 60 percent crude oil supplies pass. Hormuz Strait connects the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman and the international waters. Some 200 square km of the northern coast of Qeshm island is covered with the Hara marine forests that abound in the Persian Gulf and are considered Iran's protected areas due to their special ecological and environmental features.

Qeshm Island, which has a 300 square km free trade zone, attracts businessmen from all over Iran and from other parts of the world. Many major industries and plants have been established with foreign collaboration, and an international airport is being built. It has got excellent port facilities and lies 60 km from the Omani port of Khosab, and 180 km from the UAE. It has a land surface of 1491 km and has 59 towns and villages. The average temperature of Qeshm Island is approximately 27 degrees Celsius. The warmest months are June through August and the coldest from October to January. The average rainfall is 183.2mm. About 1.5 percent of the world birds and 25 percent of Iran's native birds annually migrate to the Hara forests of Qeshm, which are classified as national park.

An ancient Portuguese castle, historic mosques, Seyyed Mozaffar and Bibi Maryam shrines, various ponds and mangrove forests are among the tourism attractions in the island, which seems to float in the azure waters of the Persian Gulf. Several domes, salty caves, the preserved area in Shibderaz Village where turtles hatch, as well as numerous ports and wharfs are among the tourist potentials of the island. Fishing is a leading occupation practiced by the inhabitants of the island, who also grow dates and melons. Salt is mined on the southeastern coast. The population of Qeshm Island is about 200,000. Nowadays, Qeshm attracts thousands of tourists every year due to its natural beauties and modern malls. There are nice hotels and motels in the island. The Hara sea-forest, which thrives on saline waters, and where trees grow to a maximum of 6 meters, is one of the most beautiful attractions of Qeshm.

There are no natural rivers or permanent lakes in Qeshm Island, but there are some springs, whose waters are mostly saline, such as the Kargeh and Gouri springs. The waters of Kargeh Spring are relatively warm and have sulfuric elements, which explain for their unpleasant smell. Nevertheless, the waters of Kargeh Spring have healing effects, and the local people use the water and mud of the spring to treat several skin diseases and muscular pains. The sea waters around Qeshm have as much as 1000 types of fish and other marine creatures. So far 170 types of local and migratory birds have been identified on this island including pelicans, flamingos, eagles, and a variety of sparrows. This invaluable treasure of marine and bird life has made Qeshm a key destination for the world's tourists and nature enthusiasts.

However, the natural beauties of Qeshm are not limited to what we mentioned in our today's program. We will leave the rest of our discourse on Qeshm for our next week's program. Until then, then it is goodbye and God bless you all.


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Re: Qeshm Island-Gheshm island-Jazira-ye Qešm

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 19, 2014 1:00 pm

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Re: Qeshm Island-Gheshm island-Jazira-ye Qešm

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 19, 2014 1:03 pm

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Re: Qeshm Island-Gheshm island-Jazira-ye Qešm

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 19, 2014 1:06 pm

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Hotels' List of Qeshm

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Mar 11, 2015 8:35 am

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Local Inns and restaurant atmosphere

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Mar 11, 2015 8:36 am

Local Inns and restaurant atmosphere
Are you keen on feeling the smell of local sea food and Taste it? are you going to get familiar with customs and life style of Local people o Qeshm Island? then we suggest you try Local Inns and restaurant which are completely managed and design locally.
here is the list of those Local Inns which are Geopark assistant.

http://www.geopark.ir/content/media/80047heg//local%20Innss.pdf
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Re: Qeshm Island-Gheshm island-Jazira-ye Qešm

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Apr 27, 2015 12:39 pm

The Island of Qeshm covers an area of almost 1,500 square kilometers. It is the biggest Island of Persian Gulf region, being 2.5 times larger than the second biggest Island of Persian Gulf, Bahrain. The Island of Qeshm is located alongside the Strait of Hormoz. This Strait is 55 kilometers in width and is one of the most important global waterways. The Strait of Hormoz links 900 kilometers of the southern Iran waterways across the coastlines of Persian Gulf to the global high seas via the Sea of Oman. The Island of Qeshm is 120 kilometers in length, while its width varies from 10 to 35 kilometers. This Island is home to low-altitude pinnacles and rugged regions. The highest altitude in this Island is 350 meters above the sea level.

This Island maintains a humid climate, while its humidity stands at 95% in a number of months across the year.

The first and most important floras of this Island are the forested regions covered with mangrove trees. These forested regions are situated northwest of this Island, covering an area of 12,000 to 15,000 hectares and creating a unique scenic landscape. These natural forested regions are within the boundaries of internationally protected regions and are the habitat of numerous species of local and migrant birds. These forested regions also provide shelter for reproduction of shrimps and other aquatic species. Anyone who visits Qeshm Free Zone should also travel to the ever-green forests of this Island, which are covered with mangrove trees. Throughout the pristine waters of the Persian Gulf, the ever-green mangrove trees astound all travelers, who come to this beautiful region.

In the year 1989, the Island of Qeshm became known as the second main Iranian port; and in the year 1990, the Customs Office of this Island, which is one of the most active commercial and industrial regions of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman, became operational. In this manner, with the activation of this free port, Iran’s commercial exchanges with regional countries bolstered. In the recent years the major development projects have hugely changed the appearance of this Island.

In addition to locals, the Island of Qeshm is home to a number of immigrants which are mainly active in commercial and industrial sectors, throughout governmental offices and organizations, banks, Qeshm Free Zone Organization and other realms of the service sector.

The main language of the residents of Qeshm Island, like the other residents of southern Iran ports is Farsi. The people of Qeshm converse in Bandar Abbasi dialect. The rural residents of the Island of Qeshm are also familiar with Arabic and Hindi languages, or a number of Arabic and Hindi language terms have entered their dialect because of their journeys to sheikhdoms of southern Persian Gulf and India. In general, the local language of the Island of Qeshm is a blend of Farsi, Hindi, Arabic, and English languages.

The natural restrictions of the Island of Qeshm have limited agricultural development in this Island. Low rate of rainfall and insufficient water sources has highly restricted agricultural activities, and has promoted dry farming in this Island. Meanwhile, the Island of Qeshm has a relative capacity for animal husbandry which is currently underway in this Island in a traditional manner.

Fishing boat construction is one of the traditional industries which has been common in this Island for centuries and continues to this day.

In this part of today’s article, we found it appropriate to make you familiar with the historical monuments and tourist attraction sites of this Island. Please stay with us.

The pretty Island of Qeshm maintains an intact nature and historical monuments which have turned this island into one of the top tourist destinations.

The remains of historical building and monuments in this Island show that Qeshm had been highly developed throughout the Sassanid era. In the recent centuries, after the expulsion of Portuguese colonialists, this Island once again started to develop. However, this development came to an end with the occupation of this Island by British colonialists.

The historical monuments and tourist attraction sites of this region include Qeshm Jaameh Mosque, the Portuguese castle, palm groves and ever-green orchards, in addition to the highly attractive coastlines of this Island.

The Portuguese castle is one of the tourist attraction sites of this Island, which is situated north of the Island of Qeshm, and across the coastlines of the Persian Gulf.

This castle was constructed in the year 1507 AD upon the order of Portuguese sailor, Afonso de Albuquerque. This Portuguese sailor occupied the Persian Gulf Islands and in this manner dominated the marine commercial route between India and Europe. The domination of the Portuguese over this important waterway lasted for 110 years. In this period of time, the Portuguese colonialists constructed castles and fortifications, including the castles of Hormoz, Qeshm, and Laark.

The Qeshm castle covers an area of more than 2,000 square meters and is made of limestone and chalkstones. Its solidity was multiplied within a century. There are four towers at the four corners of this castle. These towers have long arms on which cannons and catapults had been stationed. The Qeshm castle had in fact been a major warehouse for cache of weapons, which assisted other fortifications, whenever needed.

Finally in the year 1623 AD, this castle and other bases were captured by one of the Safavid Iran military commanders, and Iranians have up to this day controlled the Strait of Hormoz, which is one of the most important waterways of the world.

“Kouh-e Namakdaan” is one of the natural tourist attractions, situated southwest of the Island of Qeshm. This mountain is cone-shaped with an altitude of 397 meters. The pinnacle of this mountain is rugged and its walls are steeply sloped.

This mountain consists of heaps of salt sedimentations, creating this historical natural site.

On the southern corner of this mountain, there are pretty and astounding salt caves. One of these caves is of paramount significance. This salt cave is located at the rear end of the western corner of the Island.

The opening of the cave looms toward the south, and its height is from three to ten meters. Note that the sizes of this salt cave go through changes in various periods of time, while factors such as the rate of rainfall, the level of infiltration of water, and solution and crystallization of salt contribute to these changes. Based on the latest findings of geologists, this salt cave is 6,400 meters in length, registering it as the longest salt cave in the world.

The inner path of the cave is semi-circular, and after the coverage of thirty meters, we witness a U-turn in this path. The inner walls of the cave are made of colorful stripes of salt and several layers of iron ores.

After the coverage of the path in the salt cave and as of mid-way of this path, the floor of the salt cave is covered with crystallized salt, adding to the unique beauty of this astounding cave. On the sides of the cave walls, beautiful pillars have been naturally shaped. In the vicinity of the opening of the salt cave, there are several other openings, with limited widths and lengths.

Underground water current originates from the heart of the salt cave and the mountain. This current of saline water appears in the form of a spring on the foothills and creates a natural pond in the ditch in front of it. This pond appears white in color from a long distance, forming a scenic landscape. This current flows throughout the year and has resulted from the infiltration of surface water currents in the channels of this salt mountain. The water of this spring is a saturated saline solution and therefore the sedimentation and crystallization of salt is frequently observed on the sides of the path of this spring water current. In the bedding of this spring, sedimentations consisting iron oxide are also seen. In this bedding, beautiful shapes of salt are evident.

The salt of the said mountain is one of the best types of consuming salts, which is comprised of elements such as magnesium. For this reason it could be used for medical purposes, especially by professional athletes. Based on studies that have been carried out on the inner space of the salt cave, the elements of this cave maintain remedial effects. In the view of experts, the fresh air of these salt caves, which are clear from industrial pollutants, bacteria, and allergic elements, can have a positive and beneficial impact on all individuals, especially those, suffering from respiratory ailments.

One of the other attraction sites of the Island of Qeshm is a region, referred to as Kaas-e Salakh, which lies on the southern coastal belt of the Island. This region is dry and arid, with a 7-kiometer length and a 5-kilometer width. There are thousands of small and large cone-shaped hills in this dry region, which have resulted from the erosion of soil. Meanwhile, based on a large number of evidence, this region sits on huge deposits of oil and natural gas. The attraction, silence, and tranquility of this region of Island of Qeshm makes one to ponder, and creates an appropriate shelter for the eco-tourists.

Five kilometers from the southern coastlines of the Island of Qeshm, one of the most beautiful manifestations of soil erosion is witnessed, which has shaped a valley, known as the Valley of Stars by the locals.

The especial shape of this valley has granted a particular attractiveness to this region. Strong gales and circulation of air between the pillars and cavities produce particular sounds, which leads the locals to refrain from entering this region at night. This valley is in fact resulted from the natural erosion of soil by surface waters, seasonal rainfalls, and windstorms. One can expect tangible changes in the shape of this valley after every intense rainfall.

In addition to this valley, there are two other interesting geological phenomena, namely “Chaahkouh” Strait, and “Tang-e Aali Mohammad”.

The said strait has relatively high vertical walls and different types of semi-spherical and semi-oval cavities. There are several cavities filled with water in this strait, which are consumed by the locals.

The swift and destructive movement of water at the time of floods is another parameter, leading to erosion of layers of soil.

In the Island of Qeshm, natural statues have been shaped on the sides of mountains and in the depth of valleys due to a number of natural factors, such as winds and rainfalls, which are among the tourist attractions of this Island.

As we said, the Island of Qeshm maintains a rich nature, biological diversity, and a special geological status.

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