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Shahroud

Shahroud

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Mar 12, 2014 4:34 pm

Introduction: Shahroud-Shahrood (Persian: شاهرود )



Shahroud is the capital and the largest city of Semnan province.

Located at an altitude of 1,345 meters, it is 410 kilometers to the east of Tehran, halfway between the capital and Mashhad, and on the junction of Gorgan Road, Parstourtravel reported.

At present, Shahroud has expanded to absorb the historical town of Bastam situated in the hills a few kilometers to the north.

From the north, it is surrounded by the Alborz mountain range and from the south by the arid deserts.

Tash River reaches the southern deserts after crossing this town. The weather of the mountainous areas is cold and temperate in other parts of the city.

Shahroud is located in Damghan basin, a sub-basin of Kavir basin that also contains the Great Salt Desert.



History

In 2006, traces of a prehistoric, 8,000-year-old settlement were found in Shahroud. The discovery included ovens, workshops and other evidence of settlements.

Shahroud was a village before the reign of Fath-Ali Shah of the Qajar Dynasty, with two old castles and a small farm named Shabdari. The surrounding areas, however, such as Biarjomand, Mayami and Bastam do have a distant history.

The old town of Bastam is located 6 kilometers north of Shahroud. Its pre-Islamic history is not clear, but according to some historians, it was built during the rule of Shapour II (310-379 CE).

During the Abbasid Era, it was the second largest town (following Damghan) in Qomis province.

The town was visited by Nasser Khosrow Qobadiani, the great Iranian poet of the 12th century, and mentioned by him as the center of Qomis province.

Bastam declined during the Mongol era assaults and Shahroud flourished.



Attractions

The most interesting historical sites of Shahroud are:

Seljuki Mosque, which is located in Bastam, was built in 1120 CE.

Kharaqan Village, which is located 12 kilometers from Bastam, was a famous village during the 14th and 15th centuries. The tomb of Abolhassan Kharaqani, who is one of the most famous mystics of the Sufi groups of 12th century, is located in this village. The brick building with its dome dates back to the 12th century.

Byar Castle’s ruins in the southeastern area of Bastam have been discovered near the desert’s edge of Biarjomand. This castle has an old mosque and a wall with three gates.

Farumad Mosque is located in a village by the same name 165 km to the northeast of Shahroud. The original construction of this magnificent historical monument belongs to 13th century CE.

Today, nothing but the ruins, demolished columns and prayer hall of this structure catch the visitor’s eyes. The reason for the building of such a mosque in this village was that Farumad and the surrounding villages had developed into a major center of political activity during the Sarbedaran Movement in the Ilkhanid Dynasty.

Shahroud Museum dates back to the later Qajar and early Pahlavi periods.

Originally belonging to Shahroud Municipality and located in the center of the town, this two-storied structure with a brick facade was transformed into a museum in 1988 after a series of major renovation works.

It is an interesting structure in terms of architectural style and exterior tile-works. It houses both archeological and ethnological sections.

The province of Semnan is filled with recreational activities, historical and religious sites, gardens and parks, colleges and universities. Its capital city with the same name serves as the cultural and political capital of Semnan province.

The city’s main souvenirs are daffodils, Shirmal pastry, cookies and kilim rugs.



Pre-Islamic Era

The province of Semnan has historically been one of the 14 civil establishments of the ancient, Avesta-era province of Vern.

Semnan remained an important city throughout the Achaemenid Empire. After the invasion of Alexander the Great, which resulted in the fall of the empire and the establishment of the Seleucid Empire, the region, which included the city of Semnan, became known as Komesh.

The beginning of the city’s prosperous era arrived with the rise of Arsacid Dynasty of Parthia.

The Arsacid Dynasty was very interested in importing Hellenism or Greek culture. This resulted in the pioneering use of sculpting and other forms of Western art in the city of Semnan.

One of the capital cities of Parthian Empire was Hecatompylos, and its ruins and numerous historical sites remain between the modern-day city of Semnan and Damghan.

With the fall of Parthian Empire and the rise of Sassanid Empire, Zoroastrianism was chosen as the state religion and the city of Semnan once again became the hub of Persian customs and traditions.

Source: Iran Daily


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Location: Shahrood City, in Semnan Province

Walking path length:

Days of trip:2 Days from Tehr an to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need about 5-7 hr driving from Tehran to Shahrood City )
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit:

Daily time visit:Depend on your plan

Difficulty level: Depend on your plan

Requirements: Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and...

Legal permission need: Depend on your plan


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Depend on your plan


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Hotel: In Shahrood Yes

Village: Depend on your plan

Shop: In Shahrood Yes Yes

Gasoline: In Shahrood Yes


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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or south terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus to Shahrood.Distance from Tehran to Shahrood is 404 Km.



Nearest airport: Shahrood airport

Nearest train station: Shahrood station


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Location on map:




Also See:
viewtopic.php?f=15&t=1566&p=2580


Pictures:
Parvaneh
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