Postby Parvaneh » Tue Mar 11, 2014 12:02 pm

Introduction: Islamshahr (Persian:اسلامشهر)

Islamshahr, spread over 208 square kilometers, is bound by Tehran to the north, Robat Karim to west, Rey to east and south, and Shahriar to northwest.

Dating back to 5,000 years, it is located 20 km off Tehran. Remnants of a bridge over Saloor River and hills surrounding it and relics belonging to different historical periods discovered in the region are proof of its antiquity, the Persian daily Iran reported.

Twelve ancient relics of Islamshahr have so far been registered on the National Heritage List.

Given its fertile lands, numerous relics and its proximity to Tehran, Islamshahr deserves greater consideration.

Mafinabad archeological site in Islamshahr was registered on the National Heritage List in 2008. Scientific and archeological excavations have led to the discovery of many relics pertaining to the Islamic era.

Potteries unearthed from Salour Hill offer evidence that the ancient hill belongs to between 4th and 5th millennium BC.

Islamshahr comprises two districts of Chahardangeh and Markazi.

The ancient Vavan Hill is located near Vavan Township. Discovery of many coins, chinaware and potteries pertaining to Safavid and Al-e Bouyeh eras indicate that Vavan Hill was inhabited by families involved in cattle breeding.

According to studies, Tehran’s Darvazeh Ghar (Ghar Gate) was bound to Vavan hill.

There is a monument with 14 chambers on top of the hill. A seal used for sealing the pocket doors has been found.

It has beautiful plasterworks and weapons such as swords and daggers. The discovery of such weapons indicates the monument was also a military base.

Other Monuments

Some of the prominent monuments of Islamshahr are as follows:

Jafarabad Icehouse, which dates back to Qajar Era, is located 1,500 km off southwest of Jafarabad Village.

Aliabad Icehouse, in Aliabad Village, was registered on National Heritage List in 2003.

Imamzadeh Aqil’s Shrine is located inside Eslamshahr Martyrs Graveyard.

Imamzadeh Mohammad’s Shrine, dating back to Qajar Era, has been renovated in recent years.

Imamzadeh Ebrahim’s Shrine, which is near Nezamabad Village, east of Islamshahr, dates back to Safavid Era.

Brick stones are used in this historical monument while blue tiles serve as decorative elements.

Khojir Oldest Nat’l Parks

Due to the diversity of flora and fauna, national parks are considered genetic reserves suitable for educational, research and tourism activities. Because of this characteristic, construction activities in national parks are banned.

In Iran, national parks are among four entities protected by the Department of Environment and consist of 21 mountainous areas, forests, wetlands and deserts scattered all over the country.

Khojir is one of the oldest national parks of the world. Used as a royal hunting ground for years, it was turned into a national park in 1982.

Khojir is worth seeing in spring. It is a mountainous region located 1,300-2,100 meters above sea level. Jajroud River passes through the park.

Tourists should obtain a permit to enter this park, which is patrolled by rangers. They face many dangers every day.

The population of wildlife species such as ram, ewe and goat has grown in recent years. Other species such as hyena, jackal, fox and leopard live in this park.

Khojir is a symbol of old Tehran. Old inhabitants of Afsarieh and Narmak districts remember groups of ram and ewe near their residences.

Interestingly, while those districts have been transformed into residential areas, Khojir has remained intact.

The biggest population of ram and ewe in Tehran province has been spotted in Jajroud protected region. This is while large goat populations have been spotted in Firouzkouh, Jajroud and Kavir protected regions.

Migratory gazelles frequent National Sorkheh Hesar Park and southeast parts of Khojir National Park.

http://english.irib.ir/radioculture/ira ... itage-list


Location: Islamshahr City, Tehran Province

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 1 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 1-2 hr driving from Tehran to Islamshahr)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: No Limit

Daily time visit:

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need: No


Hotel: in Tehran City Yes

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes


How to get there:
1- Take a taxi from Tehran to Islamshahr City. (Distance between Tehran to Islamshahr is 31 Km)

Nearest airport: Tehran airport

Nearest train station: Tehran Station


Location on map:

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