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Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram)

Helpful information about Historic Houses and Gardens of Iran like name, introduction, maps, requirements and...

Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram)

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Nov 20, 2013 11:50 am

Introduction: Eram Garden (Persian: باغ ارم )

Eram Garden, Bagh-é Eram (Garden of Paradise) is a famous historic Persian garden in Shiraz, Iran. It is a large garden with a wonderful looking palace in it. Its site close to the embankment of the Kushk river was formerly on the northwestern fringe of the city but is now well inside the greatly expanded urban area.

The idyllic Eram Garden is a striking location for visitors with a variety of plants as well as a historic mansion.

Although the exact date of the construction of the garden is not clear, historical evidence suggests it was constructed during the Seljuk Dynasty on the orders of the celebrated Seljuk monarch Sanjar as many other gardens were planted during his reign.

Like many other historic monuments in the southern city of Shiraz, it was restored and repaired by the Zand kings (1750-1794).

During the late Zand Dynasty, the garden was owned by Qashqai tribal chiefs. A Qashqai tribal chief, Mohammad Qoli Khan ordered the construction of the original mansion in the early eighteenth century, planting the garden with different trees including cypress, pine, orange and persimmon trees.

During the reign of King Nasser ed-din of the Qajar Dynasty, Mirza Hassan Ali Khan Nasir-al Molk bought the gardens from the Qashqai tribes and constructed the present pavilion which was designed by a famous Shirazi architect, Mohammad Hassan.

The decoration of the pavilion was completed by Hassan Ali Khan's son Abol Qassem Khan who inherited the garden after his father. The garden finally went to Abol Qassem Khan's son Abdullah Qavami who sold it to Qashqai tribes once again.

The beautiful three-story pavilion of the garden was constructed based on Safavid and Qajar style of architecture.

The lower story of the mansion has an impluvium especially designed for relaxation during the hot days of summer. The ceiling of this structure is beautifully adorned with colorful tiles. A small stream also passes through it, connecting to a large pool in front of the building.

The middle storey has a large veranda erected on two pillars behind which stands a magnificent hall. On the two sides of the hall there are two corridors each having 4 rooms and two small terraces. The front sides of the pillars are decorated with tiles showing the images of horsemen and flowers.

The upper story consists of a large hall whose windows open to the main veranda. It is also surrounded by two corridors leading to two terraces. On the entablature of the building there are three arched (semi-circular, crescentic) pediments ornamented with tile work.

The middle pediment, being larger than the other two, shows Nasser ed-din Shah (a famous Qajar king) on the back of a white horse. Around this picture, some scenes based on storied from the works of Ferdowsi and Nezami (two famous poets) can be seen. One of the small pediments represents an image of Darius the Great (the founder of the Achaemenid Dynasty) as represented in Persepolis monuments.

And finally the third pediment illustrates a deer being hunted by a panther.

The garden with its beautiful flowers, refreshing air, tall cypresses (a stately, beautiful cypress tree there known as sarv-e naz which is said to go back to 3000 years ago) and fragrant myrtles is a major tourist destination especially in the spring.

The lower sections of the buildings exterior are formed of 2 - meter - high plain and carved stones and on the eight columns there is the exhibit of two Qajar soldiers and six inscriptions. The inscriptions have been inscribed by Mirza Ali Naghi Khoshnevis in Nastaligh style of writing. In the portal of the building there are three large and two small sessions.

The spring, which flows in the waterfronts, right in the middle of the building pours into ponds and grants Eram garden a great appeal. The cypress tree in this garden is quite famous.

After the coup detat of 1332 (1953) and the exile of the Qashqa`i brothers, who in the meantime had regained ownership of the Bag-e Eram, the government confiscated the garden and later on gave it to the University of Shiraz.

During this period the former mud walls were replaced with iron railings, old trees were cut down to make room for lawns, and a broad street named Eram Boulevard was laid out on the northwest side. Early during the revolution of 1357 (1978-79), the Qashqa`is repossessed the garden; shortly afterward its owner Khosrow Khan dedicated it to the people of Shiraz.

Now a property of Shiraz University, it has been turned into a botanical garden and is open to the public as a museum. The mansion has also been assigned to the Faculty of Law of the university.

It has been named after a legendary garden called Eram in southern Arabia, built by order of Shaddad, an Arab king, to compete with Paradise.


Source:iranreview
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Location: Shiraz, Fars province

Walking path length: No need to walking

Days of trip: 3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need about 12 hr driving from Tehran to Shiraz)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: April to October

Daily time visit: No permission at night

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and...

Legal permission need: No

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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes

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Hotel: Yes

Village: Located in Shiraz city

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes

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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or south terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus to Shiraz (Also can use train or airplane) (Distance from Tehran to Shiraz is 931 Km)
3- Take a taxi to Eram Garden.

Nearest airport: Shiraz airport

Nearest train station: Shiraz station

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Location on map:




Pictures:

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eram_Garden
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Re: Eram Garden

Postby Mehdi » Mon Nov 25, 2013 9:10 am

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Re: Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram)

Postby Parvaneh » Thu Jan 30, 2014 12:45 pm

Eram Garden is a historic and monumental Persian garden in Shiraz, Fars province. With its beautiful flowers, tall cypress trees and decorative plants as well as its amazing edifice, it is known for its beauties and aesthetic attractions resembling heaven. The Garden is located on the northern shore of the Khoshk River. The original layout of the Garden, with its quadripartite Persian Paradise garden structure was most likely initiated by the Seljuqs, and was then referred to as the "Bagh’e Shah", Garden of the King, and was much less complicated or ornamental.


Over the course of the years the premises have been modified, restored or stylistically changed by various participants. Since its construction and throughout the eighteenth century, it was predominantly used by the local rulers and Persian monarchs. The structure underwent renovation by the Zand dynasty and was also renovated during the time of the Qajar dynasty. In the nineteenth century, Nasirolmolk bought the Garden and had its current three story building constructed and many cypress, pine, orange and persimmon trees were planted. The Pahlavi dynasty heavily invested in this Garden, renovating it to an internationally recognizable status. The compound came under the protection of Pahlavi University during the Pahlavi era, and was used as the College of Law.








In the front of the building a large veranda with two high standing pillars sits. The large veranda is flanked on either side by smaller terraces. Directly beneath the main veranda are two-meter high solid stone plates with inscriptions depicting poems by poets such as Sa'adi and Hafez. Above the veranda are three large and two small crescent-shape tile works, each illustrating a historical event. The middle pediment, being larger than the other two side ones, shows Nasereddin Shah on the back of a white horse. The two small pediments depict a deer being hunted by a panther.


The lower story of the mansion has an impluvium especially designed for relaxation during the hot days of summer. The ceiling of this structure is beautifully adorned with colorful tiles. A small stream also passes through it, connecting to a large pool in front of the building which then flows into the Garden. On the middle story and behind the main veranda a magnificent hall is located. On the two sides of the hall there are two corridors each having 4 rooms and connecting to the side terraces. The front sides of the pillars are decorated with tiles showing the images of horsemen and flowers. The upper story consists of a large hall whose windows open to the main veranda. It is also surrounded by two corridors leading to two terraces.

Today Eram Garden is within Shiraz Botanical Garden (established 1983) of Shiraz University. It is open to the public as a historic landscape garden and house museum. It is a World Heritage Site (as part of 9 different Persian gardens) and protected by Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization.

http://historicaliran.blogspot.com/2012 ... arden.html
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Re: Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram)

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Apr 30, 2014 1:06 pm

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Re: Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram)

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Apr 30, 2014 1:08 pm

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Re: Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram)

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Apr 30, 2014 1:10 pm

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Eram Orchard

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Mar 17, 2015 8:43 am

In the design of Eram Orchard, the water current enters the basement of its building via a tiled channel, thereby cooling the building. In front of the building, there is a tiled pond, which reflects the beautiful scenery; the paintings of the building and walls, and cedar trees of this orchards within its water currents. This orchard is home to ancient cedars. Among these ancient cedars, there is one which is 250 years old and maintains a 36-meter height. This ancient cedar is located in the southern corner of the tiled pond and in front of this orchard’s building. Eram Orchard is currently under the authority of Shiraz University for botanic studies, and is visited by numerous students, tourists, and researchers every year. The courtyard of this orchard is home to 500 rare types of plants and flowers.

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Re: Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram)

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Mar 17, 2015 9:15 am

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