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Katale Khor cave (Kataleh Khour cave)

Helpful information about caves and canyons in Iran like name, introduction, maps, requirements and...

Katale Khor cave (Kataleh Khour cave)

Postby Mehdi » Tue Aug 06, 2013 8:08 am

Introduction: Katale khor (Persian: کتله خور‎,Azerbaijani: كتل كوتول) is a cave located in Zanjan Province, Iran. It is situated at 120 km south of Zanjan city and 410 km away from Tehran. The name, Katale khor, means "mount of Sun".


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Location: Garmaab, Zanjan province

Walking path length: Just a few hundred meters in the cave

Days of trip: 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 6-8 hr driving from Tehran to the cave)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: May to October

Daily time visit: 8am to 8pm

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, waterproof shoes, headlamp

Legal permission need: No, But must buy a ticket


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: In the cave no, but outside yes


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Hotel: No

Village: Yes, near the cave

Shop: Yes. near the cave

Gasoline: No


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How to get there:
1- Go to west terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus to Zanjan or Garmaab
3- Take a taxi to the cave


Nearest airport: No airport less than 100 km

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 km


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Location on map:




Pictures:

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More Pictures:

http://www.anobanini.net/forum/showthread.php?3103
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Kotala Khor

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Dec 15, 2013 8:15 am

Kotala Khor (Sun Cave): First Limestone Cave in the World

Kotala Khor cave is located 155 km south of Zanjan and 173 km north of Hamedan near the small town of Garmab. The most common route to reach it runs from Zanjan to Khodabandeh (Qidar) which then branches toward Zarrinabad and Garmab.

Narrow galleries in different directions can be found inside vestibules whose area sometimes reaches over 200-300 square meters. Some of them are deadlocks and others have narrow passages to other vestibules. Many of those paths and passages have not been explored yet.

The total area of vestibules and passages cannot be estimated with accuracy. At present, two major passages have been identified inside the cave. One of them is the main corridor which is located at the entrance of the cave and the other one includes vestibules and passages which can be accessed at a distance of 10-15 m from the first corridor.

The most beautiful natural phenomenon of the cave comprises spectacular stalagmites which can be seen around springs and lagoons at its bottom. Due to penetration of water into lower layers of the cave and shallow lagoons, crystalline stalagmites have created very beautiful vistas.

At present, the cave has been divided into cultural, recreational, and sports divisions. The sports division has an area of about 4 km and is simply used by cliffhangers and spelunkers although its total area has not been explored.

The recreational division of the cave is used by the public and includes 2 km of straight path. Experts maintain that the division constitutes one-third of the cave.

The cultural division is located at the southern part of the cave. Its main part is a natural corridor, which is used for various ceremonies. The corridor has no way to the outside of the cave and its exit has been dug by man. The corridor itself, however, is totally natural.

In terms of the quality of crystals, stalagmites, beauty, and the number of its levels, Kotala Khor cave is a well-known natural phenomenon in the world. In terms of antiquity, the cave is as old as Ali Sadr Cave in Hamedan. Of course, the two caves are different from two viewpoints. Firstly, Ali Sadr is full of water, but Kotala Khor is almost dry.

Secondly, limestone at Kotala Khor is purer compared to Ali Sadr and this has made the cave more beautiful because the more pure limestone is, the more transparent it is and the light would pass through quite easily.

A remarkable point about the cave is that studies have shown that the cave finally leads to Ali Sadr Cave. Another wonder of the cave is the number of its levels, which are very rare among major caves of the world.

According to estimates, the first 700 m of the cave has a diameter of about 70 cm so that early spelunkers had to crawl on their chests and blaze the trail. The 100 m that follows has been an abode for prehistoric man and this has been confirmed by discovery of 80 human skeletons.

A unique feature of the cave is its huge lime columns which are the product of fusion of limestone stalactites and stalagmites. The columns act as natural props which prevent the cave’s ceiling from collapsing.

During 120 million years of its life, the cave has changed many times with earthquakes, faults, and collapses being among the most common natural changes which have taken place inside the cave.

Source:iranreview
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Re: Katale Khor cave (Kataleh Khour cave)

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Jan 27, 2014 12:29 pm

Kataleh Khor Cave is a cave located in the Zanjan Province and was discovered in the 20th century. It is located 140 kilometers south west of Zanjan, in the southern skirts of the Saghezloo mountains, and 410 kilometers from Tehran. The name, Katale Khor, means "Mount of Sun”. Geological studies in 1984 showed that the cave formation dates back to the Jurassic period. It is believed that the cave connects to Ali Sadr Cave.


The inlet to this cave stands 6-8 meters above a dry river. The cave has flat walls with high ceiling and archeologists estimate the age of the cave at 30 million years. The entrance to Kataleh Khor resembles a crevice at the beginning and culminates in a triangular arch. Archeologists have made the entrance bigger and it currently stands at 1.5 meters high. The beauty of this cave is enhanced due to the formation of stalagtites and stalagmites because of calcified precipitation. There are also multicolored conical shaped icicles (due to impurities) suspended from the roof although some of them are crystals clear. In the larger passages, a constant trickle of water has brought about the presence of beautiful designs and notable shapes similar to a cauliflower. On the cave flooring a skeleton of a four legged animal which has been converted to a calcified compound can also be noted.


The first labyrinth is 400 meters from the entrance of the cave. It is expansive and has a high ceiling. After the labyrinth, the gallery, channels and passages have taken shape gradually becoming larger or smaller. The area of the labyrinth is 200-300 square meters. Chains of galleries are separated from each other. Some of them are open ended while others have narrow strip linking to other passages or labyrinths. Some of the strips have yet not been paved while others remain undiscovered. The floor of the labyrinths and channels are uneven and have formed through the ages with the dissolution of stones and shaping of new waterways.


The Cave is divided into three main sections, cultural, leisure and sports. The cultural section is located on the southern part of the cave. Its main section is a large naturally built hall which is used to hold various events. The entrance to this hall is man made, however the actual hall itself is entirely natural. The leisure section is open to public for general view and is around 2 kilometers long. It has been said that, this length covers only 1/3 of total length of the cave. The sports section is exclusively used by cave explorers and rock climbers. It extends around 4 kilometers.


Some pottery, colored reddish brown. dating back to 2000 BC has been found in the cave. In addition other pottery has also been found although it seems more modern and of no historical value.


En route to this cave, leisure spots filled with natural beauty enhances the eye of the onlooker, in addition to rest houses and places of pilgrimage. Since 1993, a structure has been constructed in the vicinity of the cave to host visitors. Special lights and projectors have been installed to help visitors to get a glimpse of the unknown world inside the cave.


http://historicaliran.blogspot.com


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Re: Katale Khor cave (Kataleh Khour cave)

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Feb 02, 2014 5:38 am

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Re: Katale Khor cave (Kataleh Khour cave)

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Feb 02, 2014 5:42 am

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Re: Katale Khor cave (Kataleh Khour cave)

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Apr 20, 2014 4:22 am

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