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Chalus City- Shahr e Chalous-Chalos-Chaloos

Chalus City- Shahr e Chalous-Chalos-Chaloos

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 25, 2015 10:58 am

Introduction: Chalus-Chalous-Chalos-Chaloos(Persian: شهر چالوس)

The city of Chalous maintains a moderate and humid climate. Its main goods are rice, dairy products, and citrus fruits. The Chalous River, which is 80 kilometers in length, runs through this city and pours into the Caspian Sea.

A number of historians believe that this city's history dates back to 3rd Century AD. The ancient rulers of Iran had a palace in Chalous, which was engulfed by a consolidate wall, and was constructed upon the order of these rulers. Note that the defense fortifications of Chalous were destroyed in 287 AH.

The scenic landscape and nature of Chalous region is a top destination of eco-tourists; and every year thousands of tourists visit this region. The astounding green landscape along Tehran-Chalous road is highly attractive. This road is engulfed by Alborz Mountains, with Chalous River running next to this path. The beautiful movement of this river over its bedding, several natural waterfalls, thick forests, numerous tunnels, large numbers of trees, regional wildlife, and scenic paddy fields attract the attention of every viewer prior to arrival to the city of Chalous. In this city; the green landscape, mild coastal breeze, hospitable and friendly people, premium tea and rice, grilled fish, and confectionaries are awaiting the tourists.

The beautiful city of Chalous is home to several hotels, forest parks, Namak Aabroud tourist complex, pretty villas, and large numbers of trees, which have turned this city into a top tourist destination. In fact, throughout the spring and summer seasons, a large number of Iranian and foreign tourists visit this city and its beautiful nature.

The Namak Aabroud tourist complex is situated 12 kilometers from this city of Chalous, maintaining several guest houses and equipped with Tele Cabin, allowing domestic and foreign tourists to visit the forested regions of northern Iran, the coastal belt of the Caspian Sea, and to enjoy the mild and moderate climate of the region.

One of the tourist attraction sites of Chalous is Chaikhoraan Palace, which has been registered among Iran's national historical monuments. This building was under the authority of Chalous Cultural Heritage Department for a while. The palace covers an area of nearly 4,000 square meters. It is a one-storey building, constructed underground. The gateways of this palace are built at the eastern and western corners of it and its interior consists of two sections, which are connected to each other via a corridor. The main section of the interior of this palace comprises of balconies, two square-shaped halls in its southern corner, and an oblong-shaped hall, decorated with plasterworks. The other section of this palace includes two chambers, a pantry, and two balconies in the eastern and western sides of this palace. The palace maintains a sloped roof and served as a temporary place of residence for figures, who visited this region.

The other tourist attraction sites of this region include the Mountains of
"Takht-e Soleiman" and "Alam Kouh" which are blanketed with snow and are situated 60 kilometers southwest of the city of Chalous. This region is a top destination for eco-tourists and mountaineers in the summer season.

Note that at the altitude of 950 meters above the sea level, throughout the northern foothills of these mountains and 45 kilometers from the city of Chalous, one arrives at the region of Kelaardasht, which has been popularly known as the Lost Heaven. The green landscape, and Valasht Lake are two of the tourist attraction sites of this region, which attract large numbers of Iranian and foreign tourists to this region in the summer season. The Valasht Lake covers an area of nearly twenty hectares and is the most important and beautiful lake of Chalous region. This lake is 650 meters in length and 300 meters in width, with a maximum depth of 30 meters. The lake is suitable for fishing, swimming, and rowing.

The beautiful region of Kelaardasht leads to Caspian Sea from one side, and the foothills of Alam Kouh from the other side. It is a unique region in Middle East, given its thick forests, rivers, waterfalls, and other intact scenic landscapes.

This region is also of historical importance. In the year 1936, during the excavation of this region for construction of a building, a tomb belonging to pre-historic tribes in addition to their golden items and ceramic dishes dating back to 2nd millennium BC were discovered. In the year 1939, a treasure was found consisting of three golden dishes and a golden knife blade which were later on transferred to Iran-e Baastaan Museum in Tehran. Moreover, the archeological searches resulted in the discovery of gilded items, belonging to Sassanid era, including several cups decorated with patterns of animals and human beings. Overall, these valuable discoveries manifest the advanced culture and arts of this region in the first and second millennium BC and this region's wide-scale bond with the regions of Gilan Province.

The main traditional art of Chalous is carpet weaving; and these carpets are partly exported to Austria, France, Italy, Canada, Germany, and Persian Gulf littoral states. The similarity of the patterns of Kelaardasht carpets with the patterns of carpets woven in Kurdistan, Fars, and Kermanshah shows the immigration of Lor and Kurdish tribes of Zagrous Mountain Range to this region in ancient times. The carpets of this region became famous mainly due to the high quality of natural dyes used in production of these carpets.

In addition to carpet weaving, other traditional arts such as felting, straw-weaving, pottery, and production of socks and gloves are common in the region of Kelaardasht.


Source: http://english.irib.ir/



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Location: Chalous City, Mazandaran province

Walking path length: Depend on your plan

Days of trip: 1 Day from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 3-4 hr driving from Tehran to Chalus City)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: Spring is the best time.

Daily time visit: No limit

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need: No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: You can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes


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Hotel: Yes

Village:

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes


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How to get there:
1- Go to West terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus ticket to Chaloos ( Distance from Tehran to Chaloos is 178 Km)



Nearest airport: There is no airport less than 100 km

Nearest train station: There is no station less than 100 km


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Location on map:



Pictures:

Namak Aabroud

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Parvaneh
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Re: Chalus City- Shahr e Chalous-Chalos-Chaloos

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 25, 2015 11:08 am

Kelardasht

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