Noor City-Shahr e Nour-Nor-Nur

Noor City-Shahr e Nour-Nor-Nur

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Apr 21, 2015 11:06 am

Introduction:Noor City-Shahr e Nour-Nor(Persian:شهر نور ‎)

The city of Nour borders the Caspian Sea from the north; the city of Amol from the east; Alborz Mountain Range and city of Larijan from the south; and the city of Noshahr from the west. The city of Nour stands twelve meters above the sea level and maintains a mild and humid climate.

This ancient city is of paramount importance, and is home to several ancient castles and fortifications.

The economic mainstays of this city are agriculture and animal husbandry and the people's livelihood depends on these two professions. The most important agricultural products of this region include citrus fruits, rice, wheat, barley, and potatoes. Due to presence of scenic meadows across the mountainous region and foothills in this city, animal husbandry is of significant importance. The important historical monuments of this city include a number of tombs and historical castles including the Nour Castle. The Palace of Tamishan, Caspian Sea's coastline, and the Nour Forest Park are considered as the tourist attractions of this city, which maintains a mild climate.

The Nour Forest Park is globally famous and has always attracted the attention of eco-tourists in Iran and overseas. In this part of today's program, we brief you on this forested region.

This forest park covers an area of 4,000 hectares and lies on the Caspian Sea coastlines, five kilometers from the city of Nour.

Given this forest park's flora species and geographical fiber, it maintains several functions in northern Iran; the most important of which is presence of eco-tourists and holidaymakers who travel to this forested region in all four seasons. Moreover, the presence of rare flora species and the protection of this tourist attraction site proves this forested region's highly elevated scientific value.

The average annual rainfall in this forested region is 1100 millimeters, which has in turn played a major role in creation of a scenic landscape in this region.

Guest houses, sport centers and athletic grounds, restrooms, roads leading to this forested region, a mosque, and several welfare facilities have been provided for the eco-tourists who travel to this forested region.

The thick forest which covers an area of almost 2000 hectares has created a pretty region, which is home to several fauna species.

In the vicinity of the city of Nour, there are several villages; the most important of which is the village of Yoush. It has been named after the contemporary Iranian poet, Nima Yousij. In this part of today's program, we become familiar with this village and this contemporary Iranian poet.

This village maintains an age-old history and based on evidence dates back to Sassanid era.

It maintains a middle climate in summer and is chilly during the winter season. In fact, throughout the cold season it is usually blanketed with snow.

This village is located in the middle of a pretty valley and is engulfed by the Alborz Mountain Range.

In order to prevent the infiltration of moisture, the rural houses are usually built over platforms with an average height of 50 centimeters. In the past, these rural houses were made of sun-dried mud bricks. But, today construction materials such as bricks and cement are consumed for development of rural homes. In the past, the roofs were flat and were covered with wooden logs. But, today, aluminum is used and roofs are sloped.

The village of Yoush is home to hazelnut, cherry, apricot, walnut, and apple orchards. The economic mainstays of this village are horticulture, apiculture, and animal husbandry. The plant species of the Yoush region include locoweed, nettles, hedge-mustard, wild rue, horsemint, and cow parsnip, and the trees which grow in this village include willows, medlar, and Lombardy poplar trees.

The city of Baladeh is the nearest trade hub for the residents of Yoush village, and the villagers supply their surplus livestock and agricultural products in this trade hub.

One should note that this village is also home to several historical monuments, including the Ja'meh Mosque, The Tomb of Seyed Amin and Seyed Jalal, the ancient public bathroom, and the house of Nima Youshij. Moreover, the Castle of Baladeh which is situated close to this village is also a tourist attraction site.

The paternal home and the place of birth of Nima Youshij is the most important historical building of this village. It covers an area of 700 square meters, and includes a courtyard surrounded by chambers, which are decorated with brickworks, and plasterworks, and include beautiful balconies, and paintings of the Qajarid era.

Upon the efforts of the Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism Organization of Mazandaran Province, this home has turned into a museum, which has been registered among Iran's historical monuments. In this museum, the tools used by Nima and his family, the related documents, photos, handwritings, and library are at display for the public.

In the last part of today's article, we introduce Nima Yousij, the contemporary Iranian poet.

Ali Esfandiari, popularly known as Nima Youshij, was born in the village of Yoush in the year 1895 AD. His father was engaged in agriculture, and animal husbandry. Nima stayed in this village until the age of 12 and learned how to read and write in this region. Afterwards, he took up residence in Tehran in the company of his family and went on further education. Following the completion of his studies, he was employed at the Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs. But, after a while, he left his job and started to write poems. He always thought of making a development in Farsi poetry. He is the founder of modern poetry in Farsi language, such that many of the contemporary Iranian poets have been influenced by his style in poetry.

This famous contemporary Iranian poet passed away in the year 1960. His tomb is at the courtyard of his house in the village of Yoush.



Location: Noor city, Mazandaran Province

Walking path length: -

Days of trip: 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need about 6-8 hr driving from Tehran to Noor City-)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: No Limit, Spring is the best time.

Daily time visit:

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need: No


Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: You can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes


Hotel: in Noor city Yes


Shop: Yes

Gasoline: in Noor city Yes


How to get there:
1- Go to terminal of buses in Tehran.
2- Take a bus to Noor or Sari (Also you can use air palne)Distance from Tehran to Noor City is 243 km.

Nearest airport: Sari airport

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 Km


Location on map:

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