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Takab City-Shahr e Takab

Takab City-Shahr e Takab

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Mar 31, 2015 6:58 am

Introduction:Takab City-Shahr e Takab(Persian:شهر تکاب)

The city of Takab is situated southeast of West Azarbaijan Province. This city shares borders with the three provinces of Zanjan, East Azarbaijan, and Kurdistan. Like other regions of West Azarbaijan Province, this city's economic mainstay is agriculture. Fertility of soil and abundance of water have led to development and promotion of agriculture in this region. Wheat, barley, fodder, vegetables, apples, grapes, and apricots are the most important agricultural products of this city. The large and fertile meadows of the city of Takab have also paved the way for promotion of animal husbandry in this region, and this city's exports include a variety of livestock products. Moreover, apiculture is one of the most important jobs of the residents of this region.

The region of Takab is home to dozens of pre- and post-Islamic historical monuments, including "Takht-e Solayman" which is located 45 kilometers northeast of the city of Takab. The remains of a Sassanid era large fire place, under the name of "Aazar Goshasb", the ancient fortress of "Saaraa Qoorkhan", and "Jaa'meh Takab" Mosque are some of the tourist attraction sites of this region. Given the importance of "Takht-e Solayman", we introduce this global heritage in continuation of today's program.

Takht-e Solayman is one of the most important and well-known historical centers of Iran and global civilization, which has been registered by UNESCO as a global heritage. The human settlements in this region date back to three thousand years ago. This huge cultural and historical center which covers an area of 124,000 square meters has been the place of residence of Medes, Ashkanids, Sassanids, and Mongols in different periods of time. This cultural and historical center is unique in regard to its archeological value. Takht-e Solayman is in fact the remains of a huge fortress which is home to a number of Sassanid era monuments such as "Aazar Goshasb" fire place. This ancient fortress is oval-shaped and is located on an altitude. It is surrounded by a huge and solid wall, consisting of 38 defense towers. The average height of these walls is six to eight meters and their thickness stands at almost four meters. The wall and the outer fence date back to Sassanid era. The fallen parts of this wall have been renovated in 13th Century AD.

The peak of development and glory of "Takht-e Solayman" dates back to Sassanid era and 'Aazar Ghosasb' Fire Place has been constructed in this location as the most respected temple of that era. In the central and southern corner of this fortress, there is a beautiful semi-oval shaped lake. This lake is fed by several springs. The lake is 120 meters in length; 80 meters in width; and almost 65 meters in depth, while the surplus water of the lake goes out through its surrounding channels and is used for agricultural purposes. The water of this lake consists of numerous minerals. Therefore, sedimentation in channels is such that with the passage of time, wall-shaped bedding with a height of two meters has formed in one of the channels. This wall has long been known as the stone-made dragon.

Alongside Sassanid era buildings, this region is also home to remains of Mongols era buildings which have been decorated with plasterworks and tiling. The diversity of Islamic era tiles of Takht-e Solayman is such that these tiles are classified into different categories. But, the most important of these tiles are blue-colored ones which have been decorated with the paintings of legendary animals such as dragons.

In the pre-Islamic era, Takht-e Solayman was considered as the largest educational, religious, and social center for Iranians. However, in 624 AD it was destroyed during the attack of the Roman Emperor, Heraclius, on Iran. In addition to the ancient, historical, beautiful, and mysterious buildings of Takht-e Solayman region, there are also warm water springs, which remedy skin diseases and rheumatic aches. The existence of these springs, alongside the valuable and historical works of art, draws thousands of tourists to this region every year. Meanwhile, given that Takht-e Solayman is situated in a mountainous region with chilly and long winters and relatively cool summers, the best season for its visit is spring and the first half of summer season.


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Location: Takab, West Azarbayjan

Walking path length: Depend on your plan

Days of trip: 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need about 6 hr driving from Tehran to the Takab)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: May to October

Daily time visit: Depend on your plan

Difficulty level: Depend on your plan

Requirements: Guide or GPS track,(Depend on your plan water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, waterproof shoes, headlamp...)

Legal permission need:Depend on your plan


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: You can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Depend on your plan


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Hotel: Depend on your plan

Village:

Shop: in Takab City Yes

Gasoline: in Takab City Yes


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How to get there:
1- Go to west terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus to Takab (Distance between Tehran to Takab is 501 Km)



Nearest airport: No airport less than 100 km

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 km


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Location on map:




Pictures:

Takht-e Soleyman


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Parvaneh
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Jaa'meh Takab Mosque-masjed Jameh of Takab-Jameh Mosque of Takab-Congregational Mosque of Takab-Masjid-e-Jāmeh Takab

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Mar 31, 2015 7:06 am

Jaa'meh Takab Mosque is another historical monument of the city of Takab. This mosque dates back to more than a hundred years ago; maintains a beautiful architecture; and has been enlisted among the national monuments of Iran. According to existing historical documents, this mosque was built in 1914 by local architects during the reign of Qajarid King, Naser Ed-Din Shah. The gateway of this mosque is connected to the mosque's courtyard by a corridor. The ancient roofed region of the mosque is home to a balcony with circular brick-made pillars. The rear ends of the mosque's walls are made of stone and mortar and the upper end of the walls are made of bricks. There are two-storey chambers at the four corners of this mosque in an effort to reduce the consumption of construction materials at these four corners.






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