West Azarbaijan Province-West Azarbayejan Province

West Azarbaijan Province-West Azarbayejan Province

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Mar 31, 2015 6:37 am

Introduction:West Azarbaijan Province-West Azarbayejan Province(Persian:استان آذربایجان غربی‎)

The West Azarbaijan Province, which maintains a moderate and mild climate, is situated in northwestern Iran, next to the countries of Azerbaijan Republic, Turkey, and Iraq. This province is next to Kurdistan, East Azarbaijan, and Zanjan Provinces from the south and the east. West Azarbaijan Province covers an area of over 43,000 sq km with due consideration of Uremia Lake. This lake is the biggest lake in Iran's plateau, which is engulfed by East and West Azarbaijan Provinces. But, this lake is mainly situated in West Azarbaijan Province. West Azarbaijan Province is a mountainous region and over seventy percent of its area is covered with mountains. The rest of this province's area consists of plains which are situated on coastlines or are engulfed by mountains. These plains are the most important population centers and provincial economic hubs.

West Azarbaijan Province is mainly influenced by the wet climate of the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. But, throughout the cold season, cold weather currents impact this province's Mediterranean climate and lead to a sharp fall in temperature.

The weather condition in West Azarbaijan Province is similar to that of East Azarbaijan Province. It maintains long and chilly winters and mild and moderate summers. Also, this province is one of the regions of Iran with the highest rates of rainfall. It is home to forests and meadows, given the high rate of rain and snow fall in this province and its fertile soil. The forests of this province are mainly located in its southern cities and on the foothills of frontier regions, which maintain a higher rainfall. But, the most important forest of this province is situated in Sardasht region.

Note that a large section of West Azarbaijan Province is covered with meadows and different types of plants and flowers such as locoweed, tulips, and carnations grow in these meadows. The existence of rich meadows has turned West Azarbaijan Province into one of the most important centers for animal husbandry.

Also, given the fertility of this province's soil, it is one of the important regions of Iran for farming and different types of orchard fruits are produced in this region. The vineyards of this province are well-known. In fact, more than 20 different types of grape are produced in this province which is partly consumed in Iran, and is mainly exported overseas in the form of different types of raisins.

The presence of a large number of farmlands and meadows, flowers, and other appropriate natural conditions has turned West Azarbaijan into one of the best centers for apiculture and production of honey. In fact, honey is produced in all of this province's cities, but the center for production of honey in this province is the city of Naqadeh and Oshnavieh region.

West Azarbaijan is one of the most populous provinces of Iran. Part of its population consists of the immigrants. Note that western Iran and especially the Zagros Mountain Range are the most important centers of the immigrating nomads.

The majority of this province's population are Muslims. Azaris and Kurds comprise the main ethnic groups in this province. Kurds reside in the high-altitude western and southern regions of the province, while Azaris have settled throughout the plain next to Uremia Lake and the northern and southeastern plains of this province. Also, the religious minorities, namely Assyrians and Armenians reside in this province, especially in the city of Uremia.

The city of Uremia is the provincial center and the largest city of West Azarbaijan Province. It has long been known for the peaceful co-existence of the different ethnic groups, and different races who reside in this city. Now, let's become more familiar with the city of Uremia.

The city of Uremia is situated on a plain. It is 70 kilometers in length and 30 kilometers in width, and is located next to Uremia Lake. This city is en route to Caucasus region, Armenia, Asia Minor, and Mesopotamia, on one hand, and next to Uremia Lake, on the other hand, thereby maintaining an especial position.

It is one of the centers of civilization in Iran's plateau. The presence of several historical hills, six kilometers southeast of the city of Uremia proves this statement. Some of the inscriptions, recovered from these hills date back to 2000 BC. According to writings of a number of Islamic historians, Uremia was the hometown of the prophet, Zoroaster.

Meanwhile, according to historical evidences, the Roman emperors on several occasions passed through the city of Uremia to seize the fire places of the Zoroastrians.

Upon the advent of Islam, the city of Uremia turned into the second largest city of Azarbaijan. According to the Muslim tourist, Ebn-e Hoqel, Uremia was a developed city in 4th Century AH, and was a commercial hub in that era. The historian and geographer of 7th Century AH, Yagut-e Hamavi, writes that: "I saw the city of Uremia in 616 AH. It is a blessed city with ample fruits, plentiful orchards, a healthy weather condition, and sufficient water sources."



Location: West Azerbaijan Province

Walking path length:Depend on your plan

Days of trip: 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 10-11 hr driving from Tehran to the Orumieh)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: Spring

Daily time visit:Depend on your plan

Difficulty level: Depend on your plan

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track

Legal permission need: Depend on your plan


Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: You can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Depend on your plan maybe Yes/No


Hotel: in Orumieh City Yes

Village: in Orumieh City Yes

Shop: in Orumieh City Yes

Gasoline: in Orumieh City Yes


How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or west terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), (Also you can use air plane or train )
2- Take a bus ticket to Orumieh (Distance between Tehran to Orumieh is 768 Km)

Nearest airport: Orumieh airport

Nearest train station: Tabriz station


Location on map:

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