-->
-->

Qazvin-Ghazvin

Qazvin-Ghazvin

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Jul 01, 2014 6:44 am

Introduction: Qazvin (Persian: قزوین‎ )

Specifications:
Qazvin: Millennial land


The province of Qazvin is 15,491 square kilometers in northwest Iran. It is bounded on the north by Mazandaran and Gilan provinces, on the west by Hamedan and Zanjan, on the south by Markazi and on the east by Tehran.



Its provincial capital is also named Qazvin that has been a cultural center throughout history, Iranchamber.com reported.

The climate of the province in the northern parts is cold and snowy in winters and temperate in summers. In the southern parts, the climate is mild with comparatively cold winters and warm summers.

The famous mountains of the province are Sialan at 4,175 meters and Shah Alborz at 4,056 meter, which are part of the central chain of Alborz.



Historicity

Archeological findings in the Qazvin plain reveal the existence of urban agricultural settlements as far back as 7000 BC.

The name Qazvin or Kasbin is derived from Cas, an ancient tribe that lived south of the Caspian Sea millennia ago. Qazvin is historically also rendered as Kazvin, Kasvin and Casbin in western texts.

The Caspian Sea itself derives its name from the same origin.

Qazvin geographically connects Tehran, Isfahan and the Persian Gulf to the Caspian seacoast and Asia Minor, which has made its location strategic throughout the ages.

The main language of the people of the province and the city of Qazvin is Persian spoken with a Qazvini accent. Other languages include Tati (in Takestan), Kurdish, Azeri and Lori.

Qazvin has been a hotbed of historical developments in Iranian history. In the early years of the Islamic era, Qazvin served as a base for the Arab invaders. Destroyed by Genghis Khan (13th century), the Safavids monarchs made Qazvin the capital of the Safavid Empire in 1548 only to have it moved to Isfahan in 1598.

During the Qajar Dynasty and contemporary period, Qazvin has always been one of the most important governmental centers due to its proximity to Tehran.

Bombed and occupied by Russian forces in both world wars, Qazvin is also where the famous coup d’etat was launched.

Qazvin is situated near Alamut, where the famous Hassan Sabbah, founder of the Ismaili sect, operated from.



Development

In recent decades, Qazvin has faced huge industrial development in the country, primarily due to its suitable location. At present, it is a center of textile trade, including cotton, silk and velvet, in addition to leather. It is linked to both Tehran and Tabriz by railroad and highway.

Qazvin has one of the largest power plants of the country, the Shahid Rajaie facility, meeting the national electricity needs.

Almost 13,000 square kilometers of Qazvin province is under cultivation, which constitute 12 percent of the country’s cultivable lands. These are fed by numerous subterranean canals, deep and semi-deep wells, and a large irrigating canal that originates from the Sangban Dam in Taleqan and Ziaran.

The agricultural products of the region include grape, hazelnut, pistachio, almond, walnut, olive, apple, wheat, barley, sugar-beet, pomegranate, figs and cereals.

Animal husbandry, aquatic production and poultry breeding units are also active throughout the province.



Atractions

Jame’ Atiq Mosque is one of the oldest mosques in Iran constructed on the orders of Haroun Al-Rashid in 807 AD. In spite of the devastating Mongol invasion, this mosque still stands today in its full glory.

Another grand attraction in Qazvin province, is the tombs of two Seljuk princes, Abou Saeed Bijar ibn Sa’d and Abou Mansour Iltai ibn Takin, which are located in two separate towers known as the Kharaghan twin towers.

Constructed in 1067, these are the first monuments in Islamic era, which had a non-conic two-layered dome. Unfortunately, both towers were severely damaged by a devastating earthquake on March 2003.

Qazvin actually contains three buildings built by the Russians in the late 19th/early 20th century. Among these are the current mayor’s office (former Ballet Hall), a water reservoir and the Cantor Church where a Russian pilot is buried.

Source: Iran Daily


-------------------------------------------------



Location: Qazvin city, Qazvin province

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 1 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 2-3 hr driving from Tehran to Qazvin)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: No limit, but spring is the best time.

Daily time visit: Depend on your plan

Difficulty level: Depend on your plan

Requirements: (Depend on your plan)...

Legal permission need:Depend on your plan

-------------------------------------------------




Hotel: Qazvin 6 famous hotels: Alborz, Iran, Marmar, Ghods, Grand Hotel, Noizar

Shop: All Qazvin shops

Gasoline: All gasoline stations in the way from Tehran to Qazvin and in Qazvin city

-------------------------------------------------



How to get there:
1- Go to Azadi terminal of buses in Tehran
2- Take a bus ticket to Qazvin.( Distance from Tehran to Qazvin is 153 km)

Nearest airport: Qazvin airport

Nearest train station:Qazvin station


-------------------------------------------------



Location on map:





Also See:
viewtopic.php?f=37&t=1880&p=3762&hilit=%D9%82%D8%B2%D9%88%DB%8C%D9%86#p3762
viewtopic.php?f=12&t=861&p=1475&hilit=%D9%82%D8%B2%D9%88%DB%8C%D9%86#p1475
viewtopic.php?f=12&t=862&p=1476&hilit=%D9%82%D8%B2%D9%88%DB%8C%D9%86#p1476


Picture:

Jame Mosque of Qazvin
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Re: Qazvin-Ghazvin

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Jul 01, 2014 6:47 am

Qazvin Bazaar

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Geography of Qazvin

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Feb 08, 2015 10:00 am

Qazvin province where is located at Iran's center with an area of 15 thousands and 821 square Kilometers, among 48 degree,45 minute until 50 degree,50 minute eastern length and 35 degree and 37 minute until 36 degree and 45 minute northern width,it is overlooking to Mazandaran and Gilan from north, Hamedan and Zanjan from west, Markazi province from south and Tehran province from east. Central Alborz mountains and Ramand, Khareqan surrounded province from three sides and have created a vast plain where from north to south 75 Km and from east to west is about 95 Km.

North highlands are more than 4000m and southwest 2700m from sea level and it's popular mountains included Sayyalan, Shah alborz,Khashchal, Sefidkuh,Shoja'eddin, Allahtareh, Ramand, Aqdaq, khareqan, Sardaq, Soltanpir, Siah kuh and…which Sayyaln by 4175m and Shah Alborz by 4065m are higher than others. Central and East area of province where have formed Qazvin vast plain has a gradient that extends from northwest to southeast and at lowest point is 1130m. the lowest point of province from sea level by 300m is located at Tarom sofla and the sides of Sefidrood lake which Presents a clear difference in terms of topography.

This province includes 20 towns (Qazvin, Takestan, Abyek, Boyin Zahra, Eqbalie, Mohammadie,Alvand, Esfarvarin, Mahmood Abad nemoone, Khorramdasht, Zia Abad, Avaj, Shal, Danesfahan, Abgarm, Ardaq, Mo'llem Kelaye, Razmian, Koohin and Bidestan) in 5 cities and includes 23 sections, 44 Villages and 1543 settlements and it's population is more than one million.

Image

Image


The climate and running water of province

Qazvin province includes three distinct regions, mountains, foothills and plain. Mountains in the form of Discontinuous belt have covered North, South and Westen areas. This province has various climate in desert range, Cold and temperate mountain ,warm and semi-humid.

Distribution of province climate is as the following:

1.Mountains cold weather on north areas and southwest highlands of province

2.Temperate weather on foothills and slopes

3.Dry until semi-dry weather of central areas of Qazvin and Booyin Zahra plains

4.Tropical-humid weather on Tarom and Shahrood valley, overally Qazvin province has various weather.

The important rivers of province include: Alamoot rood, Andaj rood and Nine rood( by joining to Taleqan rood, they formed Shahrood river)Arbadian, Kharood tar,Lat and Dizaj, Arnzaj, Khar rood.
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times


Qazvin Souvenirs

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Feb 09, 2015 10:54 am

fruits:Walnut-pistachio-Grapes-Pomegranate
sweets:Nan chayi-Nan qandi-Nokhodi-Qazvin 3 colors Baqlava
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Traditional Dishes of Qazvin

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Feb 09, 2015 10:59 am

Poloes and Khoreshts

Adas polo

Qeime nesar

Keshmesh polo

Fesenjan

Baqali polo

Aloo khoresht

Loobia polo

Kangar Khoresht

Albaloo polo

Rivas khoresht

Dam kebab

Siah cheshm polo

Kadoo Khoresht

Mash polo

Shevid polo

Tas kebab

Zereshk polo

Reshte polo

Sabzi polo

Tah chin

Bamie khoresht

Shirin polo




Kebabs

Morq shekam por

Kebab koobide

Mahi shekam por

Kebab barg

Jegar

Jooje kabab

Del va Qolve

Kebab mahi

Kebab booqalamoon

Kebab tihoo





Snacks

Kalle pache

Barge mo Dolme

Sirabi

Bademjan Dolme

Shish andaz

Tomato Dolme

Doimaj

Felfel sabz Dolme

khagine

Kotlet nokhodchi

Kookoo sabzi

Shami

Kookoo Shirin

Potato kotlet

Boorani esfenaj

Koofte qelqeli

Kashk bademjan

Koofte tabrizi

Kale joosh

Koofte Qazvini

Mosammaye bademjan

Koofte berenji

Halim bademjan

Eshkene

Abgoosht

Bozbash





Ash

Mashkoofi

Ash reshte

Ash halim

Ash dooq

Ash kashk

kachi

Ash dandan keshe

Ash shole zard

Adasi

Ash shole qalamkar

Loobia

Ash emam

Fereni

Ash serke

Qalie

Ash shirberenj




Seasoning and appetizers

Mast khiar

Lite

Mast moosir

haftevijar

Fallode talebi

Sirtorshi

Fallode sib

Hendevane Torshi

Samanoo

Piaz Torshi

Barfe shire

Khiar Torshi

Yakh dar behesh

Khiar shoor

Gelle torshi




Drinks

Ab Zereshk

Serke shire

Sharbat Behlimoo

Serke angabin

Araq kasni

Sharbat ablimoo

khakshir

Sharbat albaloo

Araq Na'na

Sharbat Tokhme reihan

Dooshab

Abdoogh
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Handicrafts of Ghazvin

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Feb 09, 2015 11:02 am

Long-term establishment of people and inspiration of nature are two factors that are effective on creating different kinds of handicrafts on Qazvin city.

6000 years of residence on Boyin Zahra , Zaqe hills, cemetery and Qare tappe has been created a special style of pottery design on old times that today technical experts know them as Zaqe style pottery.

The different kinds of productions in Qazvin including;

Jajim bafi

Mesgari

Gerechini

Mirror work

Hosiery

Papie mashe

Weaving

Serme doozi

Night tent

Monjoogh doozi(Nam nam doozi)

Carpet weaving

Kilim weaving

Izar

Pen bafi

Woodcarving

Diaphoretic

Netted

Qavare bori

Musical instruments manufacturing

Mat weaving

Carving on metal

Armor weaving

Etching

Chelangari

Brickwork

Meqrans

Tilling

Plastering

Wood volumes

Metal volumes

Glass cutting

Stone cutting

Illumination

Tash'ir

Painting

Wood painting

Plastering painting

Shell painting

Zir laki painting

Reliefs pottery

Ceramics pottery

Pottery painting

Different kinds of tiles
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

The customs of Qazvin's people

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Feb 09, 2015 11:07 am

Yalda night (Chelle)

Festival Pomegranate

Fandogh Festival

Tiregan Festival

Norouz

Norouzi Khani

Sizdah bedar

Panjah bedar

Matchmaking

Chamcheh khatoon

The customs of Ramezan in Qazvin's people culture

-House cleaning

Providing Ramezan necessities -

-Detection of Sahar time

-Kolukh andazan

-Soiree




Yalda Night(Chelle)
Qazvin's people like the other Iranian, spending this old custom by going to the house of elders. The elders believe that eating the fresh and dry fruits and ruddy fruits which are known to << Shab Chare>> , with other edibles have good omen and promise an abundance winter. When grandmothers delay on bringing the junk foods, the youngers say; " if someone don't bring Shabchareh-the mouse chews her cellar", in this way the grandmother hastes on bringing the "Shabchare". In this night some people by eating Sabzi polo and fish and then watermelon, pomegranate, different snacks including raisins, walnut, seed, nuts and dry figs join their soiree to the first day of winter. Qazvin's frandmother believe that if in this night Nane Sarma Cries ,it's raining, if quilt's cottons brings out,it's snowy and if pearl necklace rupture, it's hail. The other custom of " Yalda night" is sending ''Khonche chelle" from bride to groom as a winter present. In Khonche, there are cloths, jewelary, sugarloaf and 7 types of fruit including pears, watermelon, melon and apple that are sent to groom by special decorations.


Pomegranate festival

People of "Tarom" at the end of September or early of October in a special day, go to pomegranate farms by together and pick pomegranate by playing Dayere, Sorna and Dohol. Before this day No one can pick pomegranate.



Hazelnut Festival

"Alamut" is an area that is specialized for hazelnut cultivation. In many villages of the area, hazelnut festival is set in early August. The villagers go to farms in a special day. First of all a person sing a poem and others repeat them. Then they begin to pick the hazelnuts. The maidens who have been nominated, make hazelnut necklace for their husbands and that is called " Golvane". They presented this gift to their husbands in winter.



Tiregan Festival

This festival is Tiregan festival of ancient Iran that is set on 4th July. So a Auspicious person, early in the morning invites in house to hit the bag of wheat, flour and pulses by a piece of wood from "Daq Daqan" tree in order to give blessing to them. He/she also hits the family members to be healthy. No one should speak when the festival is holding. At the night of 4th July, Shalandazi custom will be held. They believe in this day splashing water to each other is good omen.



Norooz

Qazvin's people like the other people of Iran are prepared to hold new year festival since March. They clean their house and by setting the colorful tables welcome to the guests. They put colorful dishes, different domestic sweets, figs, wet cherry, pea, raisins and nuts on the table and give coloring eggs to guests. Today the meeting custom begins 1st day of new year and it ends before 13th day.



Noroozi khani

Noroozi khani is one of the customs that is related to last days of a year and it is a welcome to Norooz.

The singers of Noroozi Khani are more from " Alamoot" and "Taleqan" area. They walk in alleys and streets in 2-4 groups and by singing the short and long poems give tidings the new year to people and two other persons reply. Home residents by hearing the voice of Norooz khanha, welcome to them by giving money and sweet.



Sizdah bedar

On 13th day of Farvardin, people go to picnic and gather by together and are happy. A custom is that every one go to the side of river and throw 7 small stones to water in order to remove and dispose the disaster and sick and the maidens nod the grass. At the end throw the grass into water and come back to their home.



Panjah bedar

The traditional custom of Panjah bedar is similar to Sizdah bedar, of course it isn’t as known as Sizdah bedar. But it's set yet among Qazvin's people. In this day that is 50th day of new year they go out in order to thanksgiving God because of blessings.

They go to city's Mosalla and pray on 19th day of Ordibehesht, then go to the nature and spend some hours by together. So Panjah bedar is a religious-ritual custom.

The most of Qazvin people make a simple food that is called Doimaj and it's gredients are dried bread, vegetables, walnut, fried onion and cucumber. In addition, Qazvin people eat watermelon, nuts and fruits in this day and most of them eat Ash reshteh in the afternoon.





Matchmaking

In this event, groom's mother and some of the women meet with the girl. If they like her , the groom will attend on the next meeting. If the groom likes the girl, his mother will give a present to the girl's family that is called Neshane.



Chamche khatoon

Chamche khatoon is the other custom for asking rain. In this event pour the water into a bowl and go to the roof and by a scoop splash the water toward the sky little by little.



The customs of Ramezan in Qazvin's people culture

Ramezan word derived from ''Ramaz" , means The intensity of solar radiation on the gravel. Ramezan month, is 9th month of Qamari month and is the best. It was said in the calling time of Arab months, this month was at the time of winter heat, but on the other side, "Ramezan" is a divine name. this month is a month of revelation of Quran and God's month and Qadr nights are in this months. In this month the doors of heaven and sky will be opened and the doors of hell will be closed. The praying in the nights of this month is equal to a thousand months of praying.

The custom of Ramezan is an important issue on people's culture. In everywhere in the world that there is a muslim, Ramezan month is on native culture and it doesn’t just assume a religious ceremony.

Fasting combined with the culture and traditions of every society has a special form. Fasting in certain days of a year as a religious doctorines is a tradition that is visible on heaven religious and even on ancient Iran throughout the history. There are some works that people do in order to welcome Ramezan including;



House cleaning

Before this month, People clean the house and welcome to the month of Quran. In addition to cleaning the house they clean the mosques and Imamzades to prepare for holding the different ceremonies.



Providing Ramezan necessities

In the past time, providing Ramezan necessities has been done seriously, because in this month the work is stopped and the people pray more than every work and it's necessary to provide their necessities before this month until they can participate in the special ceremonies of this month.



Detection of Sahar time

One of the Qazvin's people custom is "Moon Sighting" at the last evening of Sha'ban and at the same time with the first night of Ramezan which sighting crescent promises the beginning of Ramezan month.

From old times, the different instruments were used in order to wake up people in Sahar , detecting the time of Sahar exactly and doing the special actions. Today some of these manners are current and others have been obsolete. Including the detection of stars, their place in the sky, the roar of rooster, lighten the lights on the height points of city and mosques finial, cry on alleys, slamming the neighbor's wall, the sound of drums and metal containers and etc. were the old manners and today people wake up by telephone calling, alarm calling, radio and TV.



Kolukh andazan

In the old times, one day before Ramezan, Kolukhandazan ceremony were done on some cities of Iran that was known to "Gol khandani" . in this day, the people of every city or village went to walkway around the city or village with different kinds of foods and by sitting together, say story, narration and play and finished the day by happiness. In this ceremony people prepared their soul and body in this way because in addition to amusement and happiness that cause the enhancement of morale, the foods that they eat in this day was energetic.



Soiree

One of the ceremonies that was very common in the past time and today more or less runs, is meeting the friends after Eftar.

In this ceremony, relatives and friends sitting together and by eating Shabchare, reading the poetries of Saadi or Hafez Divan , narration and playing the game pay to soiree. For example, on Taleqan's Lohran village, the landlord catering the guests by Snacks and entertain them by a game like Gol Ya Pooch and in the winter, they are sitting together around Korsi and enjoy of the conditioning heat.

Qazvin's people on Qadr nights are prayed by holding special rituals including participation on spiritual assemblies, Faraj, Jushan Kabir and Saqir, Abuhamzesomali, Jameye kabire Duas , praying and attendance on mosques. Reading Ankabut, Rom, dakhan chapter of Qur'an are part of the religious believes of Qazvin's people that are done on these nights.

One of the traditions that is visible on some parts of the city is holding the celebration on 27th Ramezan and murder night of Ibn Moljam Moradi.

Halim, Shole zard, Ash doogh, Ash reshte, Shir berenj, Qorme sabzi, Ferni, Ranginak are the food that Qazvin's women cook for Eftar and Sahari. Nan chyi, Qaq, Shirmal, Doimaj are also the other foods that are eaten on Qazvin.

The something that canbe resulted from these customs and they are social functions of Ramezan including:



*Regularity to People manners

*Enhancement the cooperation manner and creating unifying fields

*The elimination of tiff among people by reconciliation that is done by old people and strengthen social union.
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times


Return to Cities of Iran

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 6 guests

cron