Sīsakht-Sī Sakht-Si-Sakht

Sīsakht-Sī Sakht-Si-Sakht

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Mar 16, 2014 2:18 pm

Introduction:Sīsakht-Sī Sakht-Si-Sakht (Persian:سی سخت)

Si-Sakht: Future hub of tourism

Si-Sakht, also known as Si-Pahlavan, is a city abounding in old chestnuts trees in Kohgilouyeh-Boyerahmad province.

The southern Zagros Mountain Range and rivers, which surround the ancient city, have created a beautiful landscape.

The historical city of Si-Sakht is situated 35 kilometers from Yasouj, the capital city of Kohgilouyeh-Boyerahmad province.

A cemetery discovered near Lema Village on the slopes of Dena dates back to 3,000 years. In addition, the remnants of an ancient village found in Si-Sakht prove its high archeological importance.


The word Si-Pahlavan is made up of two parts: ‘Si’ means 30 and ‘Pahlavan’ means champion. Jointly, it means “Thirty Champions”.

Si-Sakht pertains to a legendry Iranian hero, Kaykhosrow--the just king of Persia, who decides to scale Dena Summit to pray to God, which was a precarious journey. He leaves his palace in Tal Khosrow, 5 kilometers from Yasouj, after appointing a successor. Upon reaching the Zagros slope, Kaykhosrow washes himself in a cold-water spring, which today is called Bashur by local residents.

Kaykhosrow then stood on a tall rock known as ‘Bardshah’ and tells his soldiers to leave him alone and return, as the journey he is embarking upon was very dangerous. He then climbs up the mountain toward Dena, the highest point of Zagros Mountain Range.

Kaykhosrow disappeared in the mountains and he was followed by 30 Pahlavans (champions). They lose their lives near Bijan Pass.

These champions lost their lives for proving their loyalty to the king. Therefore, residents named the region after them.

All the names mentioned above, including Bardshah, Bashur, Bijan Pass and Dena, are beautiful resorts frequented by those interested in mountaineering.

Tourist Attractions

Si-Sakht attracts thousands of foreign and domestic visitors annually due to its verdant landscapes and historical sites. It has been identified as a pleasant destination for tourists.

The city abounds in walnut, grape and chestnuts trees, as well as rivers and tall mountains. It enjoys a desirable weather throughout the year.

Dashtak Plain, Mishi Spring and Kouh Gol Lake are other natural attractions of Si-Sakht.

The slopes of Dena are covered with wild flowers, including tulips, daffodil and lily, in different seasons.

Dena is also home to many caves such as Noul and Ice Caves. Its enchanting landscapes are like divine paintings. Visitors are awed by the wonderful natural scenery.

Biareh, Koukhdan, Lema and Amirabad villages are located near Dena, which have hospitable residents.

Dena is an attractive destination for mountaineers.

A German mountaineer named Rolf Angles had willed that his body be buried on Dena Summit after visiting the area.

Plant Species

The number of indigenous plant species in Dena is equal to those of 46 countries.

Dena Protected Zone is registered as the 10th biosphere reserve of the world by UNESCO. More than 1,000 plant species exist in Dena, of which 45 are native to the region.

Rivers flowing through Dena supply water to rivers in southern Iran, including Karoun and Maroun.

Dena was the symbol of light, eternal life and purity among ancient Iranians.

However, unscientific expansions, wildfires, human activities and cattle overgrazing pose a threat to Dena.


Si-Sakht enjoys high tourism potentials, but lacks infrastructures that prevent the region from attracting more tourists.

Lack of roads, hotels, restaurants and guesthouses is hindering tourism development in the region.

The road connecting Si-Sakht to Yasouj needs to be expanded in the near future. Many private investors are eager to participate in tourism projects and can implement infrastructure projects as well.

However, scientific programs must be devised for this region so that expansion of tourism infrastructures does not damage its environment.

A large residential complex has been constructed in the city, which consists of 30 houses and 150 campsites to host guests during Norouz (Iranian New Year) and other holidays, apart from 40 rural and urban dwellings for hosting visitors.

The proximity of Si-Sakht to Persian Gulf has made it a suitable option for becoming a tourism hub in the Middle East and the city is expected to attract more regional tourists in the near future.

(Source: Iran Daily)



Location: 30 kilometers north of Yasouj, Kohkiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad province

Walking path length: Depend on your plan

Days of trip: 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need about 12-14 hr driving from Tehran to Si-Sakht)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: July to August (Other time is very cool)

Daily time visit: No limit

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need: Depend on your plan


Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Depend on your plan


Hotel: in Yasooj city Yes

Village: Depend on your plan

Shop: Depend on your plan, in Yasooj city Yes

Gasoline: Depend on your plan, in Yasooj city Yes


How to get there:
1- Go to west terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus to Yasooj City. ( Distance from Tehran to Yasooj is 773 Km)
3- Take a taxi from Yasooj to the Si-Sakht city.( Distance from Yasooj to is Si-Sakht city 30 Km)

Nearest airport: No airport less than 100 Km

Nearest train station:No Station less than 100 Km


Location on map:



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