Postby Parvaneh » Wed Mar 12, 2014 1:41 pm

Introduction:Paveh( Persian: پاوه)

The stair-shaped city of Paveh is located 112 kilometers northwest of Kermanshah. The route leading to the city winds through the Zagros mountain range.

Paveh has hills, springs, forests and farmlands located in the foothills of the mountain, which are quite beautiful, Cais-soas reported.

Due to these wonderful natural sceneries as well as the presence of caves, waterfalls and mineral springs, Paveh has been nicknamed “Bakhtaran (western) Paradise”.

As soon as one enters the ancient city of Paveh, which dates back to 3,000 years, the visitor is amazed at how the people in this area have managed to so skillfully and orderly build their homes in the shape of many long and wide stairs at the foothills of the mountain.

These structures have been built in such a way, that in most instances, the roof of a house that is built in a lower altitude is actually the patio (balcony) of the house built just a few meters above it.

Because of the similarity of housing construction between Paveh and the city of Masouleh in northern Iran, Paveh is also known as “City of Thousand Masoulehs”.

‘Thousand’ refers to the fact that Paveh is many times larger than Masouleh.


As to why the city is named Paveh, there are a number of narratives. The Sassanid emperor, Shapour, had a son named Pav.

The famous Sassanid Emperor Ardeshir was Shapour’s uncle.

As the story goes, Emperor Yazdgerd III sent Pav to this area to renew the residents’ allegiance to Zoroastrian faith. Therefore, it is possible that the name of Paveh is derived from Pav.

The second theory about the name pertains to Hourami, a branch of Kurdish language, which means “standing on its own feet”.

Indeed, Paveh is the type of town that can be described as standing on its own, a reference to the style of its dwellings and construction based on the inner strength of its residents.

Wonderful Sceneries

Paveh has several rivers named Sirvan, Leyleh, Markhil and Paveh-Rood and is one of the most water-rich areas in western Iran.

In addition to these rivers, the mountainous area of Paveh has several large and small waterfalls.

The most famous of these waterfalls are named Boll and Ghahlouz. The water of Boll Waterfall is reported to have special medicinal characteristics and benefits.

It is named after one of the Babylonian deities. One only wishes that a water bottling facility could be opened next to the waterfall so that this therapeutic water could be enjoyed by a large number of people and become a source of much-needed income for the people of the region.

The presence of water in Paveh is not limited to rivers, waterfalls and springs. It has the largest water cave in Asia.

The Ghouri Qal’a Cave is a remarkably deep cave and up to now 3,700 meters of its length has been explored, of which 500 meters are open to tourists.

Tourist Attractions

Since this cave is relatively unknown to both local and foreign tourists, its attractive and wondrous natural marvel has neither produced revenues for the area nor benefited its development.

Paveh has many other natural, historical and religious tourist attractions that are briefly described here.

Kavat Cave is another beautiful water cave that meets the drinking water needs of Javanroud.

Khalou-Hussein Stone Cave is located to the southeast of Paveh near the village of Baneh-Var. A one-legged person named Hussein armed with only a pickaxe built several rooms in the stony mountain.

The fire in Paveh Fire-Temple overlooking the Fire-Temple Mount (with a height of 2,464 meters) is believed to have been lit 750 years before Islam and is the second largest of its kind in Iran after Azargashb Fire-Temple.

Other notable attractions of Paveh include Keykhosro Fortress, Qal’a Fortress, Manav Fortress and the shrine of Seyyed Mahmoud Isfahani, a relative of Imam Mousa Kazem (AS).

Everything in Paveh has an air of authenticity, including the people’s clothing and costumes. The residents of this region are attired with exotic clothing known as Choukheh-Varanak, Mizeh-Rah or Sarband, Qaqileh or hat and their footwear includes a foreleg-strap and giveh, a light cotton summer shoe.

The residents of Paveh, including women, make all of their own clothing and footwear.

Their attire includes Fis (a kind of hat), Latte, Sakhme, Kova, Gaji, Cheh-Tagheh, Lachak and Havadi.

Agro Features

Paveh has a large number of orchards with mulberry, pomegranate, fig, grape and walnut trees. The reason being that there are not enough land for cultivating crops due to the high-altitude and mountainous terrain. Peanuts and wheat are also cultivated on a smaller scale.

In addition, trees bearing a fruit named Van (from the pistachio family) cover a large part of Paveh’s forest areas.

Van is not as lucrative or in demand like pistachios but Persian turpentine is produced from its tree-sap.

According to agricultural experts, Van trees could be grafted for pistachio gardening. It is said that such engrafted pistachio trees produce one of the top-quality pistachios.

Regrettably, Van-pistachio grafting has not yet been implemented in Paveh. If undertaken, it can stimulate the region’s economy.

At present, only some women and girls of the area extract Persian turpentine from the roots of Van.

http://english.irib.ir/radioculture/ira ... -masoulehs


Location: Pave city, Kermanshah province

Walking path length: Depend on your plan

Days of trip: 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need about 9-10 hr driving from Tehran to the Paveh)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit:Depend on your plan

Daily time visit: Depend on your plan

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need: No, Depend on your plan


Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Depend on your plan Yes/No


Hotel: in Paveh Yes


Shop: in Paveh Yes

Gasoline: in Paveh Yes


How to get there:
1- Go to west terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus to Kermanshah or Pave (Distance between Tehran to Paveh is 720 Km)

Nearest airport: Kermanshah airport

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 km


Location on map:

Also See:


Ghoori-Ghale cave (Qoori Qal'e)








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