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Sarab

Sarab

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Mar 11, 2014 7:28 am

Introduction: Sarab (Persian:سراب )

The city of Sarab in East Azarbaijan province is surrounded by Sabalan Mountain and Bozqoush Mountain from the north, east and south. This city is, in fact, a plain only accessible through the west.

Given this city’s geographical situation, it maintains a chilly climate in winter and a mild climate during summer, IRIB reported.

It experiences high rainfall and its surrounding altitudes are blanketed with snow. The rivers, originating from Sabalan, meet in the southern region of Sarab to form Ajichai River.

The enriched meadows of this region are suitable for nomads producing animal and dairy products. Not surprisingly, Sarab is considered one of the most important animal husbandry centers of Iran.

The high-yield cows of this region are known nationwide for their compatibility, resistance against illnesses and longevity.



History

Sarab was a hub of commercial convoys in the past.

During the reign of Mongols over Iran, Sarab was one of the main centers of the Mongols in Azarbaijan region.

In the early days of the rule of Safavid Dynasty, wherein Tabriz and Ardebil were considered important cities of Iran, Sarab was also of paramount importance due to its proximity to these cities.

The war between Safavid King Shah Ismail and the commander of Ottomans’ troops, Khalil Pasha, took place in Sarab. It is one of Iran’s historical cities.

Monuments remaining from the era of Oratoha, who lived in 7th and 8th century BC, prove the historical nature of this city.

Many tourists and geographers have also focused on this city in their travel books. For example, the Iranian historian and geographer, Hamdollah Mostofi, in his book “Nazhat Al-Qoloub” which was compiled in 740 AH, wrote, “The city of Sarab has a cold climate and its water is supplied by the river that runs through it. Its products include grains.”

Well-known Arab traveler, Ibn Houqal, who lived in 10th century AD, has described Sarab as follows: “Sarab is a beautiful city, which is home to several mills, farms and orchards, while maintaining several appropriate motels and markets.”

Unfortunately, the city was severely harmed during the attack of Mongols in 1220 AD and the mass murders committed by the Mongols ruined the prosperity of this city.



Qal’e Jouq

Two kilometers north of Sarab, there is Qal’e Jouq Hill, which has been named after a castle that was previously built over this hill.

The sun-dried mud bricks of this castle remain to this day. Throughout the excavations conducted on this hill, five-meter-tall walls were unearthed.

Based on studies conducted on these walls’ bricks, it was disclosed that they belonged to 7th and 8th centuries BC. In addition to these sun-dried mud bricks, different types of porcelain belonging to 2000 BC were unearthed there.



Grand Mosque

Among the historical sites of Sarab, Grand Mosque is of major significance. It belongs to 15th century AD.

Unlike the majority of Iranian mosques, it does not have a minaret. However, it maintains a large roofed section with three altars.

The roofed region of this mosque has 60 domes, which have been built over pillars, creating a beautiful scene.

Over the eastern gateway of this mosque, a marble-made inscription belonging to 15th century AD is observed. This mosque was registered among Iran’s national works in March 1968.



Nomadic Lifestyle

In addition to historical monuments and sites, the Museum on Nomadic Lifestyle is considered one of the tourist attractions of this city.

The museum intends to familiarize visitors with the lifestyle and achievements of Iranian nomads in different domains.

Nomadic lifestyle has a long history across Iran and nomads play a crucial role economically and socially. Many of the pre- and post-Islamic era governments have been linked to nomads.

However, the nomadic lifestyle is currently declining in Iran. Hence, the museum is considered a historical necessity.

Every year thousands of tourists visit Sarab and the Museum on Nomadic Lifestyle.

The museum displays cultural, traditional and ethnic features of this region and presents their cultural, economic and social values.

In this museum, the outcomes of studies conducted on beliefs, traditions, language, livelihood, housing, arts and techniques, food, clothing and handicrafts of nomads are displayed.

http://english.irib.ir/radioculture/ira ... experience


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Location: Sarab City, East Azarbaijan province


Days of trip: 3-4 Day from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 8-10 hr driving from Tehran to East Azarbaijan province)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit:

Daily time visit: May up to October

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need: No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk:No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115.

GSM Mobile Antenna:Yes


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Hotel: Yes

Village: Located in sarab City

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes


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How to get there:
1- Go to east terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus ticket to Tabriz or Sarab(Distance between Tehran to Sarab is 649 Km)


Nearest airport: Tabriz airport

Nearest train station: Tabriz station


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Location on map:





Pictures:
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