Postby Parvaneh » Mon Mar 10, 2014 6:51 am

Introduction: Maku-Mako-Makoo-Makou (Persian: ماكو‎)

Makou is in the frontier region of West Azarbaijan province. It is a mountainous city situated 1,634 meters above sea-level, which enjoys an important geographical and strategic position.

It is located in Iran’s frontier region and shares borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan Republic. In fact, Makou is situated across Bazargan border and on the route of passengers traveling to Turkey via land. Hence, many people visit this city daily, IRIB reported.

The huge rocks surrounding Makou have added beauty to this city’s landscape and remind visitors of the ancient castles and fortifications.

Historical Monument

In the 14th century AD, Iranian geographer, Hamdollah Mostofi, wrote in his book, “Makou is a castle built over a rock and there is a village next to this castle with the same name.”

The historical monuments of Makou are a reminder of its ancient history.

For instance, “Dakhmeh Sangi Farhad” is located 7 kilometers south of Makou.

Belonging to 9th century BC, it was registered as an Iranian historical monument in 1968.

It consists of two linked chambers that have been cut in the heart of the mountain and within a rock.

These two inter-related chambers are linked to the mountain by a stone-made stairway. The gateway of these two chambers is 2 meters in length and 1.5 meters in width, and the chambers are 12 and 4 square meters in size.

Over the walls, shelves have been carved and torches were apparently used in these chambers. The inner walls of this historical monument have an even surface.

Baghche Jooq Castle

Six kilometers away from Makou and in the vicinity of the village called Baghche Jooq, there is a luxurious and historical castle.

It has been constructed in the early 20th century. The castle is situated in a scenic 11-hectare orchard, which is considered one of the feats of the late Qajarid Era.

Given its distinguished artistic and architectural features, the castle was purchased by the then government in 1974 and was opened to public in 1985 after renovation.

The plasterworks and decorations of this castle are highly attractive. The castle has seven halls, each of which have been decorated and furnished.

The walls surrounding the castle are covered with cut mirrors.

The castle, which is a blend of Iranian, Russian, and European arts and architecture, and its precious antiques make an interesting museum, which is open to the public.

Qar-e Kelisa & Panj-Cheshmeh Bridge

Twenty-two kilometers south of the city of Makou, on the foothills and next to a creek that runs nearby, there is a historical church named Qar-e Kelisa.

The church is highly sacred to Armenians. Around 40 AD, a disciple of Prophet Jesus (PBUH) came to this region to promote Christianity. But he angered the Armenian king, on the orders of which this disciple and his followers were killed.

Every year in July, Armenians gather in this church and hold special ceremonies to mark their death anniversary.

The exact date of construction of this church is not known.

It is made of two sections. The older section is smaller in size and situated in the eastern corner. It is made of black stones. The larger church, which was built later on, is made of white stones.

The church has a pyramidal dome with 12 sides. The inner walls of the church are plain but the outer walls are highly decorated.

It is visited by numerous tourists throughout the year.

This church is the 9th cultural heritage of Iran registered by UNESCO.

Panj-Cheshmeh Bridge is one of the historical monuments of this region. It is situated over Zangmaar River, 3 kilometers east of the city.

It is made of cut black and white stones, which have added to the architectural beauty of the bridge. It was constructed to shorten the path of pilgrims visiting Qar-e Kelisa Church.

The bridge, which is 43 meters in length and over three meters in width, was constructed by Armenians in 18th century AD.

Source: Iran Daily


Location: Maku, West Azerbaijan Province

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 12-14 hr driving from Tehran to Maku)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: spring is b best time.

Daily time visit: No

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need: No


Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes


Hotel: Yes

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes

Village: Located in Mako City


How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or west terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), Also you can use train.
2- Take a bus ticket to Tabriz or Maku.(Distance from Tehran to Mako is 882 Km)

Nearest airport: Tabriz airport

Nearest train station: Tabriz station


Location on map:

Also See:


The Saint Thaddeus Monastery-Ghareh Keliseh-Qara Church-Thaddeus Church
Site Admin
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Return to Cities of Iran

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Google [Bot], MSN [Bot] and 7 guests