Postby Parvaneh » Tue Feb 11, 2014 8:01 pm

Introduction:Hamedan (Persian: همدان)
Hamadan (Hamedan) is situated 336 km south west of Tehran on the slopes of Mount Alvand, 190 km east of Kermanshah and 530 km north west of Esfahan at the elevation of 1800 meters. The city is stretched around a star-shaped square named after Imam (Ayatollah) Khomeini. Out of this square which has preserved its beautiful style of architecture, six avenues diverge from the angles of the star. Hamadan has been developed and renovated to a great extent in recent years and gradually this has changed the city's old fabric. There are still old neighbourhoods with nostalgic names in Hamadan besides its large modern streets and beautiful parks.

Hamadan is one of the oldest cities of not only Iran but of the world. Its historical origins date back to several centuries before Christ. Hamadan was the Median Empire's capital before they formed a union with the Persians and also served as the summer capital of the Achaemenid Empire was then called Ecbatana or Hâgmatâna; meaning a place of assembly. The poet Ferdowsi says that Ecbatana was build by King Jamshid.

Hamadan is one of the cradles of Oriental civilization with legendary background. According to historical records, there was once a castle in this city by the name of Haft Hessar (Seven Walls) which had a thousand rooms and its grandeur equalled that of the Babylon Tower.

Alavian Mosque, 11th century CE All the nations living around Iran coveted the prominent natural position of Hamadan from the times immemorial until recent centuries; and have invaded the city several times. First, the Assyrians destroyed Hamadan. It was ruined again and again during the invasion of Mongols and Tamerlane. Finally, in the recent centuries the Ottomans attacked the city several times; but Hamadan heroically stood against the enemies and courageously withstood all the losses it had sustained.

Hamadan is the homeland of great scholars and men ot letters like Elnaighozat, Khajeh Rashidoddin Fazlollah, Adham Hamadani, Baba Taher Orian and Mirzadeh Eshghi; and the tombs of Avicenna and Baba Taher are located in this city. Hamadan has preserved its importance in the post-Islamic period.

Hamadan is a city of mild climate summer. Its natural beauty including Mount Alvand and its beautiful peak as well as the scenery of Morad Baig and Abbasabad Valleys will always be remembered by visitors. In this ancient city remains have been unearthed in archaeological excavations of Median and Achaemenid castles, forts and cities on the hills of Hegmataneh and Mossalla. The objects unearthed in those sites, like tablets, gold and silver plates, and tools are now is great museums. Yet, there are plenty of other historical monuments and places to be visited by everybody. These include:

The Stone Lion:
The Stony Lion or the stone lion is a big Parthian monument that was originally made like a lion. It is believed that once there was a counterpart for this monument.

Avicenna Memorial Tomb:

Avicenna's (Bu Ali Sina) tomb The tomb of the great Iranian scientist, Avicenna, is in Hamadan with a building and a dome built in 1954. The design of the dome is inspired by the shape of Qabous Voshmgir Tower. There is a library with a number of manuscripts in this building. In the courtyard of the building, there is a tomb belonging to the late Qajar period poet and song writer Abolqassem Aref.

Baba Taher Memorial Tomb:
The tomb of the writer of many romantic couplets, Baba Taher, is in Hamadan. The building of the great mystic's tomb has been built in a beautiful park northwest of Hamadan in recent years.

The Holy Shrines:
The devotedly faithful people of Hamadan have always paid respectful attention to holy shrines. There are several mosques; mausoleums and shrines in Hamadan including Imamzadeh Esmaeil, Imamzadeh Abdullah, the Jami' Mosque and Khaneqah.

The Ganjnameh Epigraphes:
Most tourists express their interests usually to see the Ganjnameh Epigraphs while visiting Hamadan . These are two inscriptions which were written on a rocky wall on Alvand Mountain by kind Darius's command during the Achaemenian period. They are located in a beautiful valley which is called Abbasabad.

The Alavid Dome:
This is the most important Islamic monument in Hamadan. It is a square building of late Saljuk period with a masterly stucco interior. This building has a crypt containing the tombs members of the Alavid family.

The Qorban Tower:
It is a 12 sided plain brick building with a pyramid shaped dome. It is located in the eastern part of the city; and there is a tomb in its crypt.

The Tomb of Esther and Mordecai:
These are the tombs of two Jewish people whose names appear in the Old Testament. The building is made with bricks and stone on the graveyard of Khashayarshah's wife (Esther) and her uncle (Mordecai). There are antique wooden boxes and manuscripts of the Old Testament inside the building.

Ali-Sadr Cave:

Ali-Sadr Cave The mountainous position of Hamadan has led to the formation of many wonderful and beautiful caves of which according to specialists the Alisadr is one of the most astonishing. There are few caves like this any where else across the world. Local people sometimes call it Alisadr or Alisad. Located 60 kilometers north of Hamadan, Alisadr is a vast cave that contains a lake and a labyrinth of chambers along which one can sail for tens of kilometres. The clear water of the lake is several meters deep and the cave's walls, floor and ceiling are covered with an abundance of marvellous stalactites and stalagmites and various natural stones that have taken the shape of various animals, objects and islands. No living creature lives in this cave and in its water because there is no natural light.

However, there is power supply in the cave for lighting. In some of the chambers the distance between the floor and ceiling of the cave reaches 40 meters, but the average height of the cave is about 8 meters. There are boating services with guides and catering facilities for those who wish to visit the cave. - See more at: http://iranchamber.com/cities/hamadan/h ... wJl3d.dpuf


Location: Hamedan city, Hamedan province

Days of trip: 3 Day from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 5 hr driving from Tehran to Hamedan)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: No limit,Spring is the best time.

Daily time visit: No limit

Difficulty level: No Difficult

Requirements: Guide or GPS track

Legal permission need: No


Overall risk: No

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: No, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes


Hotel: Yes

Village: No

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes


How to get there:
1- Go to east terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus ticket to Hamedan.Distance from Tehran to Hamedan is 342 Km.

Nearest airport: Hamedan airport

Nearest train station: --


Location on map:


Alvand Mountain

Tomb of Avicenna


Tomb of Baba Taher (Baba Tahir)

Ali Sadr cave-Ali Saadr-Alisadr




Ganj Nameh-Ganjnameh

See More:
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Hamedan:Superior tourism prospects

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Mar 11, 2014 8:01 am

Hamedan is considered the fifth tourist city of Iran. Many domestic and foreign tourists visit its ancient and natural attractions throughout the year.

Ganjnameh inscriptions, Abbasabad hills and the tombs of Abu Ali Sina and Baba Taher are major attractions of Hamedan, the Persian daily Iran wrote.

Greek Historian Herodotus believes that Hamedan was established in 8th century BC by the Medes Dynasty.

Hamedan used to be Iran’s capital during the Achaemenid, Parthian, Sassanid, Al-e Bouyeh and Seljuk eras.

Some of its attractions are briefly outlined as follows:

Stone Lion

The stone lion of Hamedan is a historical monument. It sits on a hill where a Parthian cemetery is located.

When first built, the statue had a twin counterpart that jointly constituted the old gate of the city.

Remain of the “Lions Gate” of Hamedan were demolished in 931CE when the Deylamids took over the city.

Mardavij unsuccessfully tried to transport one of the lions to Rey. Angered by the failure to move them, he ordered them to be demolished.

One lion was completely destroyed, while the other had its arm broken and pulled to the ground.

The half demolished lion lay on its side on the ground until 1949, when it was raised again, using a supplemental arm that was built into it.

Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization reports that the lions were first thought to have been built upon the order of Alexander the Great to commemorate the death of his close companion Hephaestion.

Alisadr Cave

Alisadr Cave is the world’s largest water cave that attracts millions of visitors every year. It is located about 100 kilometers north of Hamedan.

Since the cave is situated at an axis of Tehran and Qom, it is a popular destination of Iranians. Visitors use pedal boats to tour the cave.

The cave is entered at the side of a hill called Sari Ghiyeh, which also includes two other caves called Sarab and Soubashi, each 7 and 11 kilometers from Alisadr Cave.

In the summer of 2001, a German/British expedition surveyed the cave, finding it to be 11 kilometers long. The main chamber of the cave measures 100 meters by 50 meters and has a height of 40 meters.

The cave contains several large and deep lakes, while a river flows through it.

More than 11 kilometers of the cave’s water canals have been discovered so far. All the routes of the cave lead to an island in a centrally-located atrium.


Hamedan enjoys favorable climatic conditions during the first half of the Iranian year (March 21-Septmeber 22). Springs and summers are best to visit Hamedan.

Since this western city has cold weather in winters, few tourists visit in the second half of the year. However, promotion of winter sports can help attract more tourists.

Hamedan is located on the slopes of Alvand Mountain and 1,900 meters above sea-level.

It has a famous square where six streets, namely Baba Taher, Ekbatan, Shohada, Takhti, Bu Ali and Shariati, terminate.

Many Christians used to live in Hamedan in old times. Some of their churches are among attractions of Hamedan.

Alvand Mountain

Alvand Mountain is an offshoot of the Zagros mountain range. This mountain is located near Hamedan with a summit of 3,570 meters and consists mainly of intrusive rocks.

Kalagh-Laneh, Daem-Barf and Ghezel-Arsalan mountains are situated on the western side of Alvand.

Located in the range is Ganj Nameh, a trilingual ancient inscription by kings Darius the Great and Xerxes I in the ancient languages Neo-Elamite, Neo-Babylonian and Old Persian. It is 10 km south of Hamedan.

Attractive Factors

Hamedan is the birthplace of Iranian luminaries such as Abu Ali Sina (Avicenna), Baba Taher, Einolqozat-e Hamedani and Khajeh Rashideddin Fazlollah.

The city produces many souvenirs such as leather products, potteries and ceramics. Lalehjin is the hub of Iranian potteries. You can also buy Giveh (light cotton summer shoes).

Photo: Alisadr Cave

Source: Iran Daily
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Hamedan Province

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Jul 09, 2014 9:22 am

Hamedan Province covers an area of over 19,000 square kilometers and is situated in western Iran. This province neighbors Zanjan and Qazvin Provinces from the north; Lorestan Province from the south; Central Province from the east: and Kurdistan and Kermanshah Provinces from the west.

Hamedan is a mountainous region. One of its most important altitudes is Alvand Mountain, standing at a height of 3574 meters.

This province is also home to innumerable rivers and streams; the most important of which is Gamasiab River. This river originates from the southern valleys of Alvand Mountain and pours into Hur ul-Azim marshlands in southwestern Iran.

The province maintains chilly and snowy winters and moderate summers. Due to the mountainous nature of Hamedan Province, it is covered with the habitats of different types of wildlife, including goats, rams, ewes, foxes, grizzly bears, partridges, and other bird species. The wildlife habitats of this province, throughout the altitudes, plains, and in vicinity of marshlands are considered as protected regions. Hunting is forbidden in these regions.

This province, due to its particular geographical position; appropriate water quality and climate; and fertile soil; and due to its creative and active human resources, maintains several productive capacities, especially in regard to agricultural products. Hence, the province, in addition to meeting its domestic needs, partly meets the needs of other regions to agricultural goods. This province ranks first in Iran in production of walnuts, garlic, and potatoes. It also ranks third nationwide in production of grapes and wheat, and second in production of raisins. Hamedan also holds the third spot in Iran in production of herbal plants, such as thyme and coriander. In fact, the city of Nahavand’s contribution to nationwide production of coriander stands at 67%. In regard to agricultural products, Hamedan Province is among the ten top Iranian provinces.

Hamedan is also known for its handicrafts, including its leather industry and rug- and carpet-weaving.

The people of this province converse in a number of languages and dialects, including Farsi, Turki, Lori, and Kurdish. Meanwhile, the majority of people in the province converse in Farsi.

Hamedan Province, due to its particular geological position, is rich in mines, such that despite its relatively low area compared to other provinces, it holds the 8th spot in Iran in this regard. There are 271 operating mines in Hamedan Province, including silica, iron ore, granite, and sand mines. Twenty-eight different minerals exist in Hamedan Province. The discovery of ruby mines in the province shows that Hamedan maintains ample capacities for investment. The ruby mines are situated south of this province. Moreover, the silica deposits of Hamedan Province are one of the best silica reservoirs in Iran, which are used for production of glass. Also Hamedan Province is home to most exceptional decorative stones in Iran, which are in different forms and types, including granites.

The city of Hamedan, the capital of Hamedan Province, is situated on the foothills of Alvand Mountain. It maintains a moderate climate in spring and summer seasons. The altitude of this city stands at roughly 1800 meters above the sea level; and its distance from Tehran is nearly 343 kilometers.

Given its historical monuments and tourist attraction sites, the city of Hamedan is named as the 5th cultural and touristic city of Iran. it is also one of Iran’s academic hubs.

The city of Hamedan, due to its particular geographical position, has been attached importance by Iranian kings in different historical periods of time. The initial construction of this city is attributed to a Medes king, Diako, dating back to 700 BC.

The Greek historian, Herodotus, in his writings, has pointed out that this king chose Hamedan as his capital and constructed a palace in this city.

In the year 550 BC, Hamedan was one of the commanding headquarters of Achaemenian kings. Throughout the Parthian era, this city was chosen as the capital, and during the Sassanid era, this city was a summer quarter. In 6th Century AH, the Saljuqid rulers chose this city as their capital. In 7th Century AH, this city was occupied by Mongols and was razed to the ground.

Despite the damages inflicted on this city due to battles and/or natural disasters, it once again turned into a developed city.

Today, the city of Hamedan is considered as one of the six cultural hubs in Iran. In recent centuries it has maintained a burgeoning trade. This city is en route Silk Road.

The city of Hamedan is home to several Ulema and renowned figures. Scientists such as Avicenna, and poets like Ba Ba Taher have risen to prominence in this city.

Hamedan Province has been home to martyred Ulema, such as Martyr Mofatteh and Martyr Qoddousi.

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Re: Hamedan

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Jan 13, 2015 11:22 am

History formed (by integration of geography & human being) to the extend to which they coupled consistently, therefore the said history could be an ancient boulder as a residential point of unknown people in a many thousands of year ago or it might be an ancient feature of Hamedan as symbol of representation & signs of background for Iran.
Hamedan erected by Diako the founder of Made dynasty but it exposed to demolition at the time of bokhtonasr and fortunately Darius resorted the town, it is evident the old Hamedan intertwined with woof & heft of Iran structure.
The background of aspects like civil, structure, society, economy, science, politics even military affairs mixed with and rooted into context of Hamedan because the city endowed with expressions like civic& artistic representation in effective way either implicity or explicitly.
Initiation of history era, context of government, non-precedent capital, presence of Alexander , conquer the first, dissemination of Islam, victorious confrontation with Moguls and repulsion of Othmanids, efforts for sake of constitutional movement, opposing to Pahlavid dynasty, enthusiasms for establishment of Islamic Republic totally accounted for real honorary & promotion of community.
Hamedan might be the precursor of Iranian ancient civics even it stands at global level in term of monumental backgrounds.
Hamedan chosen as the first capital at the time of Kasiae civilization even before the Made dynasty there fore Hamedan is indispensable part of Iran landscape and both Iran & Hamedan experienced identical entity fate as well and the city lied at the slope of the scared Alvand Mountain. It preserves four seasons with various ecology concluding it is treated as pilot truism center and it ranked fifth as cultural & historical civic status in the country even at globe level due to many monumental & attractive effects.
Hamedan entrusted with a long history of culture, civilization & monumental in span of three millenniums & cradle of nature of known figures like Ayatollah Akhond, Ainolghozat, Baba Taher & others it furnished with different delightful climates in forms of four seasons, so Hamedan counted as garnet setting in the West of Iran and no other town are able to take over it.

This page is not comprehensive collections which addressing each citizenship of Hamedan and serves honorable & sacred background and it accounted for resourceful data along to history & culture of Hamedan as lands of monumental & Ahourmazda points of view so as to promote reputations of civic in full reliable stages.
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Geographical Feature and Human Resource of Hamedan Province

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Jan 13, 2015 11:22 am

Hamedan province with an area of 19496 km2 is bounded on the north by Zanjan and Ghazvin province, on the south by lorestan province, on the east by markazi province, and on the west by kermanshah and kordestan province. It is situated between northern latitude of 33o 59’ to 35o 48’ and eastern longitude of 47o 34’ and 49o 36’. According to the latest administrational divisions of the country ( census of 1996), it consists of eight townships ( hamedan, malayer, Tuyserkan, Nahavand, Asad Abad, Kabodarahang, Bahar, Razan, Lalejin, Maryanaj, Famenin, Saleh Abad, Ghorveh Darjazin, Serkan, Firozan, Azandarian, Damagh, Farasfaj, Ghahavand and joraghan); 21 counties:

Markazi, Shara, Famenin, ( in hamedan); Markazi, Jokar, Samen ( in Malayer); Markazi, khezel ( in Nahavand); Markazi , Gholgholrood (in Tuyserkan); Markazi (in Asad Abad); Markazi, Goltappeh, Shirinsu ( in Kabudarahang); Markazi, Ghorve Darjazin, sardrood ( in Razan); and Markazi, Saleh Abad, Lalejin ( in Bahar). In addition, there are 71 rural districts and 1120 villages. The population of the province, according to the census of the 1996 is 1677957, 810640 of them are living in urban districts and another 867115 of them in rural districts. The relative density of the population was about 68 per sq.km in the same year. There are different tribes and dialects in the province and most of them speak Persian , but some of them also speak Lori, Turkish, and Kordish, because of their adjacency to Zanjan, GHazvin, Lorestan, Kermanshah, and Kordestan.

Main Heights
Alvand peak with an altitude of 3574 meters is the highest peak in the province. It is natural boundary between Hemadan and Tuyserkan.
Mount Garo in the south of the nahavand (3316), Mount Lashgardar in the southwest of the malayer (2928), Mount khangormaz in the west of the Tuyserkan (2868), Mount siahdarreh in Tuyserkan (2818), Mount Sefid in the southwest of Malayer, Mount Almabolagh between Asad Abad and Bahar, Mount Bughati in Kabodarahang are among the other heights. The lowest part of the province with an altitude of 1420 meters, is the place the Gamasyab River flows out of Nahavand Township.

Province Climate
Various heights, plains, mountainous regions, high peaks, rivers, springs, lands, trees and headwaters cause Hamedan climate to be changeable. Usually, winter are cold and snowy and summers are mild. It is cold in the northern parts of the province and slopes of mount Alvand, but in the southern parts it is mild.

Main Rivers
Gamasab (Gamasyab) River: It is one of the longest rivers throughout the country. It originates from Gamasab Headwater in the southwest of Nahavand and irrigates surrounding lands. Malayer Khormabad River in leily Yadagar village and Tuyserkan Gholgholrood River in Gardian village empty into it. Gamasab is the one of the main branches of karkhe River that empties in Persian Gulf.
Ghogholroor River: Its headwater is southern parts of Mount Alvand and it consists of Sarabi River ( from kolahghazi peak), Serkanrood River ( from serkan heights), karzanrood River ( from Geshani and Sanjuzeh valleys). After irrigating Tuyserkan land, its empties into Gamasab River.
Gharahchay (Ghurichai) River: It originates from Zaghe pass Heights and Alfavot valley between Hamedan and Malayer. After passing through Amzagerd, it empties into Gharahchay River with other springs like: Khaku, Darreh Morad Beik, Vafragin, Siminehrood, and Hamehkasi.
After irrigating famenin and Ghahavand lands, its flows up the Markazi province and empties into Ghom Lake.
Khoramrood River: It originates from northern valley of Shahrestane village. ( It is located southwest of Mount Alvand and northwest of Tuyserkan). After irrigating land, it leaves Tuyserkan.
Talvar River: It originates from Mount Sefid, it is also one of the headwater of Ghezel Ozan River that is called Sefidrood River in Gilan province and empties into Caspian Sea. Its length in Hamedan province is not noticeable.
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Hamedan Township

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Jan 13, 2015 11:23 am

Hamedan Township, with an area of 4118 square kilometers, is located between Mount Alvand slopes toward the eastern border of the province. Its Far East is on the 49o 27’ and its far west Is on the 48o 20’, between 34o 35’ and 35o 10’ parallel of northern altitude.
Hamedan Township is bounded on the north by Razan and Kabudarahang, on the south by Tuyserkan and Malayer on the east by markazi province and on the west Bahar.

Mount Alvand is located on the southern side of Hamedan and natural boundary between Hamedan City and Tuyserkan, some parts of Razan and Famanin plains, Ghahavand, Dasht-e Nashar are stretched along them. The highest peak with an altitude of 3584 meters and the lowest part is AmrAbad- the region where Gharah Chai River floes out of the province with an altitude of 1600 meters. The average altitude of Hamedan Township is 1820 meters.
According the latest census of 1996, the population of Hamedan Township is 563466 with the population density of 136.8 per sqkm. It consists of five cities ( Hamedan, Maryanaj, Famenin and joraghan), 3 countries and 12 rural districts. Persian language is spoken in the cities, and in villages, they speak Turkish.
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Hamedan Serais and Caravansaries

Postby Parvaneh » Fri Jan 16, 2015 7:07 am

Hamedan caravansaries are located inside the city. They are divided into two main groups:
A) For carnvans and commercial uses, like Golshan and Mirza Kazem caravansaries which are used for commercial and resting purposes?
B) For commercial use: like Safar Khan and Sharifieh caravansaries.
Most of caravansaries have central yard and shops have been built around it. The first floor shops are for commercial use and second floor shops are for caravan resting.

Hamedan serais

1) Tohid Serai: In Rasteh Zoghaliha, now it is not in use.

2) Sabzehvari serai: In the southwest part of bazaar (its gate is located in Babataber street).

3) Eftekhari serai: In the north side of Rasteh Eskandarieh (its gate is located In Babataher street).

4) Ghodsieh senu: In Rasteh Ghebleh. South west of bazaar, having the most shops and stores of the bazaar.

5) Ghebleh serai: It has 16 shops in Rasteh Ghebleh, south west of bazaar. It is used for storing goods.

6) Ya'ghob Yari Serai: In the west part of bazaar. It is valuable from the architectural point of view although it is ruined.

7) Peighambar serai: In the west part of bazaar. It is called in this name because it is located beside Peighambar Mosque.

8) Dr. Motalleb serai: In the north of Rasteh Peighambar. It is used for storing goods.

9) Haj molla Yoser serai: In Ihe west of Rasteh Hossein Khani. It is used for storing goods.

10) Dalan Deraz serai: In the north of Rasteh Hossein Khani. It is used for storing goods.

11) Rangrazha serai: in the north of Rasteh Hossein Khani, opposite the Seyyed Ghorban serai. Its architectural identity has been lost.

12) Seyyed Ghorban Serai: In the north west of Rasteh Hossein Khani. Now it is not in use.

13) Sina Serai: In the north west of bazaar, beside Hossein Khani serai.

14) Mazochi serai: At the end of Rasteh Haj Fazlolah. It is used for selling wools.

15) Nahavandi semi: In the nOl1h part of semi. It is used for selling wools.

16) Gomrok serai: In the north of Haj Mirza Kazem caravansary. Its main entrance gale is in Ekbatan Street. It is used for selling wools.

17) Ruhieh Serai: In the East Side of Gomrok Serai and beside the Ahanfrosh-ha Serai in the south,

18) Aha`nfrosbha Semi: In the north cast of Mirza Kazem Serai and north side of Rasteh Ahakfroshha, a center for selling iron and other metals.

19) Haj Abulhassan Serai: In the West Side of Bazaar and south of Rasteh Zargar-ha and it also is called Bazanr-e Rooz.

Hamedan Caravansaries

1) Ghalamdani Caravansary: In the north side of Peighambar mosque with an area of 500 Square meters, and is used for storing goods and there are some business offices.

2) Sararkhani Caravansary and new Serai:
In the north and east of Peighambar mosque in Rasteh Felestin, its entrance gate is beside Ghalamdani Semi with an area of 400 Sq. with 165 shops. It is registered as a national and Historical Iranian monument No. 2088 dated 2. 8.1998.

3) Sharilieh Caravansary: In the center of Bazaar beside Rasteh Nokhodberiz-ha.
Halabisazkhanch. Sahafkhaneh, and Alaghband-ha. It is registered as a National and Historical Iranian monument No. 2087 dated 2.8.1998.

4) Mirza Kazem Caravansary: In the East Side of Ekbalan Street, its entrance gate is in the Rasteh Semsar-ha. At present time, it is the most beautiful and intact Caravansary with an area of 4000 Sq. It is registered as a National and Historical Iranian monument No, 2224 dated 12.8.1998.

5) Hossein Khani Caravansary:
In the north east of new Caravansary. Its main entrance gales are in the south east of the Caravansary. It was built in Fathali Shah ruling period and it is used for storing goods. In the past, it was also used for commercial purposes.
6) Golshan Camvansary: In the Ekbatan street opposite side of Haj Mirza Kazem Carvansary it was built in the beginning of Ghajar Period and its entrance gate is in the Sahatkhaneh. Now it is used for selling mouqet. Fabric and rugs .
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Hamedan Churches

Postby Parvaneh » Fri Jan 16, 2015 9:34 am

There are two churches in Hamedan for Assyrians and Armenians. (religious minorities)St. Raphael catholic church and St. Gregory Armenian church. The former was founded in 1956 and is located in Buali square. The latter is in Mofatteh square but it is not used.
Hamedan Christians go to the church every Sunday, freely
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Commercial and Economical Attractions of Hamedan

Postby Parvaneh » Fri Jan 16, 2015 11:39 am

Agriculture, Forest and Range in Hamedan Province

In the past, there were large forests in Hamedan province. At the present, there are some along Zagrus mountain Range in Nahavand with oak trees. Since a long time ago, Hamedan province was one of the main centers for growing grain.

Potato sugar beet , garlet, alfa alfa, garden fruits, especially walnut, grape.
It is in the third rank for the production of grain, the seventh rank for bardy, the third rank for potato, the eighth rank for sugar beet, the first rank for alfa alfa and the third for grape. Walnut gardens arc in the second rank front the area under cultivation, but they are in the first rank in production.
The agricultural land area in the province is 950000 hectares. It is %6.5 of the country land and '%4.5 of the land under cultivation.
Dry farming is more common in Hamedan province, because of its mountainous cold climate. As surveys show 6300000 hectares of the total farmlands of the province are used for dry farming and only 320000 hectares are used as irrigated farming.

Grain is cultivated in %68 of farmlands. The other corps, based on their cultivated lands is as follows: cereals, forages, barely, potato, sugar beat, etc. Gardens are about %6.1 of total lands.
Annual production of province is between 2.2 to 2.8 million tons, about %4.8 of total production of country. Their gross value in 2000 was 1800000000000 billions Rls and based on the latest census of 1996 about %32 of province workers are active in this pan which is %10 higher than average in the country"'.


It is an ancient custom for Iranians to buy souvenirs during their trips and offer them to their relatives and friends. In this case and based on regional potentials. In each town there are special souvenirs.


Handicrafts are always considered as one of the travel purposes and tourism attractions, specially, handicrafts of countries with an old history, excellent cultures, arts and old civilization like Iran. They arc also symbols of ideological, historical, artistic and cultural values and messages. In addition to its commemorative characters, it is one of the cultural exchange ways and making them familiar with other countries' people.


Glim Weaving

Giveh Bafi

Carpel Weaving

Leather Goods

Wooden Inlaid

Industries and Mines of Hamedan

Hamedan is rich in natural mines. Its important mines are as follows: Granite Rocks, lime Stone, construction stone, feldspar, zinc, lead, silver, gypsum, limonite, travertine, iron, grind stone and cement raw materials, Hamedan Tuyserkan Townships along the Mount Alvand, have the richest granite mines of the country. Black stone of Tuyserkan and gray stone of Hamedan are the rare kinds among the others. It is clear that based on these rich mineral resources, the necessary conditions for industrial development arc available.

At present time, Industries of Hamedan are as follows:

A) Light Industries
1-food industries: (Pasteurized milk, compote. flour, sugar, chocolate, raisins cleaning. cheese, etc.)
2- Glass industry (produces different kinds of glass. glassware, etc.)
3- Weaving and leather industries (socks weaving, salambor and gunny)
4- Cellulosic industry (wooden decoration, door, window, notebook, manufacturing carton and pasteboard)
5- Chemical industry «plastic, nylon, sanitary tissues and liquid detergents)
6- Non-metallic mineral industry (tile, stone cutting. asphalt making, china wares, and industrial powders)
7- Power and electronic (transformator, high­voltage power panels. electrical Switches, Wall­plugs, cable)
8- Meta industry (aluminum, joint producing. steel cables and threads, conditioning system)

B) Heavy Industries:
1- Steal and cast iron founding, two aluminum melting, and rolling factories and one aluminum profile manufacturing company.
2- Manufacturing agricultural tools (Lucerne liner, potato and seed planting machineries)
3- Manufacturing building and road construction tools (stone breaker. tl1lcks, sand granulators)
4- Manufacturing automobile valve gate and filter, in Serkan.
5- Manufacturing road construction machineries (damper, concrete mixer, by Hamedan Steel Company in Razan. also West Steel Work Factory has been constructed in Asad Abad
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Maps of Hamedan Province

Postby Parvaneh » Fri Jan 16, 2015 11:41 am

Hamedan province with an area of 19496 km2 is bounded on the north by Zanjan and Ghazvin province, on the south by lorestan province, on the east by markazi province, and on the west by kermanshah and kordestan province. It is situated between northern latitude of 33o 59’ to 35o 48’ and eastern longitude of 47o 34’ and 49o 36’. According to the latest administrational divisions of the country ( census of 1996), it consists of eight townships, 21 counties,20 71 rural districts and 1120 villages

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