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Bushehr

Bushehr

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Feb 11, 2014 6:23 pm

Introduction:Bushehr (Persian: بوشهر)
Bushehr, city in southwestern Iran, located on the Persian Gulf in a vast plain running along the coastal region, the capital of Bushehr Province. Bushehr is a major fishing and commercial port (so called Bandar-e Bushehr). It is one of the chief ports of Iran and is at a distance of 1,218 km. from Tehran, and has a hot, humid climate.

The strategic location of city of Bushehr has been the main reason for the establishment of the port of Bushehr. During the 1st and 2nd Millennium BCE, the Peninsula of Bushehr was a thriving and flourishing seat of civilization called "Rey Shahr". Many relics have been found in this regard related to the Elamite era and the civilization of Shoush (Susa). These structures of "Rey Shahr" are said to be related to Ardeshir of Sassanid dynasty and "Rey Shahr" was formerly known by the name of Ram Ardeshir. Thereby through the passage of time came to be called Rey Shahr and thence Bushehr.

It is obvious that the Persian Gulf and consequently the province of Bushehr enjoys a remarkable situation with trade in addition to its remarkable situation regarding military affairs. For these reasons the Europeans were interested to take control of the region and the city of Bushehr. The Portugese, invaded the city of Bushehr in 1506 CE and attempted to take the place of the Egyptian and the Vinecian traders who were dominant in the region.


Old Port of Bushehr In 1734 Nader Shah of Afsharid dynasty chose it as the site for an Iranian naval base. During the Zand era, the region was a place for political challenges between different political groups. When the Qajar dynasty replaced the Zand dynasty, they gain less control on the region of the Persian Gulf, so the British influence in the region increased gradually.

At the end of the 18th century, the British and Dutch transferred their regional commercial offices to Bushehr, and during the 19th century the town was prominent as the home of the British political agent for the Persian Gulf. The Consulate General of British governed Bushehr for 20 years. This situation had lasted till 1913, and during the long battle between the Iranian and the British troops, the Iranians lost in 1857 and the British influence expanded to include all the Persian Gulf cost. But in 1913 the Iranians won the long battle. Consecuently Britain moved its diplomatic and commercial center across the Persian Gulf to the Arabian Peninsula at the beginning of the 20th century.


A Shrimp Seller at Fisher Market in Bushehr The city was economically depressed until the 1960s when the government initiated a major development program. In 1975 the government began building a nuclear power plant at Bushehr. This facility was only partially completed when it was bombed by Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988). When Germany, the initial backer of the plant, declined to complete it after the war, Iran tried to secure aid from other countries. In 1995, however, Russia signed an agreement to finish the plant.

Bushehr is one of the important ports in Persian Gulf whic has an international airport, and highways connect the city to Ahvaz to the northwest and Shiraz to the northeast. A secondary coastal road links Bushehr to Bandar-e Abbas to the southwest. The old section of central Bushehr has many examples of traditional Persian Gulf architecture from the period 1870 to 1920.

Bushehr is an export market for the farm produce of the neighboring and fertile Fars Province. Bushehr's industries include seafood canneries, food-processing plants, and engineering firms. It has a population of 205,320 (2001 estimate).
- See more at: http://iranchamber.com/cities/bushehr/b ... d0OaA.dpuf


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Location: Bushehr in Persian golf.


Days of trip: (Without air plane) 4-5 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 20 hr driving from Tehran to Boushehr)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: September to April

Daily time visit: No limit

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need:No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes


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Hotel: Yes

Village: Yes

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes


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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or sout terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), Also you can use air plane or traine.
2- Take a bus ticket to Bushehr.( Distance from Tehran to Boushehr is 1228 km)


Nearest airport: Boushehr airport

Nearest train station: --


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Location on map:



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Parvaneh
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Bushehr: Land of Sun and Sea

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Mar 12, 2014 4:21 pm

Bushehr: Land of Sun and Sea



Bushehr province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, with a long coastline alongside the Persian Gulf.

With a provincial capital by the same name, Bushehr has nine citiess: Bushehr, Dashtestan, Dashti, Dayyer, Deylam, Jam, Kangan, Genaveh and Tangestan.

Geographically, the province is divided it into two regions: the plains in the west and southwest, and the mountainous region in the north and northeast. The weather in the former is very warm and humid, while the latter has a dry and warm climate, Fars News Agency wrote.

There are two distinct seasons in the province. Winter, with a moderate to cold climate, usually starts from November and lasts until March, while a hot summer fills the rest of the year.

The average temperature in the province is 24 degrees Celsius, with the highest recorded temperature at 50 degrees Celsius and the lowest at 6 degrees Celsius.

Kilim (a coarse carpet), gabbeh (a traditional carpet), felt, mats, baskets, giveh (a traditional footwear), earthenware, hookahs, musk, fishing nets, dates and sweetmeat are some of the handicrafts and souvenirs of Bushehr province.

Special Villages

Ahram Village, Tangestan

The word Ahram is a colloquial form of the word ‘Eram’, meaning “Garden of Paradise”, as there are numerous citrus fruits, orchards and plenty of natural springs around this area.

Ahram of Tangestan has relics of two military forts, one belonging to the Khans (governors) of Tangestan and the other to the Zar Khezer Khan clan of Tangestan.

Shrines of the descendants of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), such as Imamzadeh Jafar, Zainabol Shohada and Imamzaeh Aqa Mir Ahmad, are near this village.



Khormoj Village, Dashti

This village is in the city of Dashti. The reputed castles of Khormoj, a part of which is known as Mohammad Khan Castle and the other called Jalal Khan Castle, are located in this area.

Both these personalities were chieftains during the Qajarid rule.

Other special villages of Bushehr are as follows:

The village of Chahar Roostaie in Genaveh with four pilgrimage sights, the village of Kamali in Genaveh, the village of Gomaroun in Genaveh with two ancient mosques and a place of pilgrimage, the village of Lilietan in Daylam with two places of pilgrimage and an ancient castle called Mohammad Ali Khan Castle.



Tourism Attractions

Bushehr province has many tourism attractions and historical monuments. The followings are some of these tourist spots that attract tens of thousands of people from Iran and across the world every year.



Ardeshir Palace

This monument was built in the vicinity of Tang-e Eram. It was most likely a resting place or a lodge where royal hunters rested overnight

Bardak Siyah Achaemenid Palace

The winter palace of Dariush located 12 km north of the city of Borazjan is known as Bardak Siyah Palace. This palace has 10 pillars in two rows and has been built according to the Achaemenid architecture. Black stone is used as a foundation of these pillars.



Chehel Khaneh Historical Caves

In the north of Sa’dabad in Borazjan, Shapour River flows through the rocky layers. Within these rocks, there are numerous crypts (similar to small dugout chambers or rooms).

Chehel Khaneh means 40 rooms or houses that are located here. Another connotation of it is Chelleh Khaneh where the devout mystics congregated. There is a possibility that these crypts were burial places during the Medean and Sassanid rule



Goor Dokhtar, Dasht-e Arjan

The structure of Goor Dokhtar is very similar to the mausoleum of Cyrus the Great in Pasargad (about 600 BC.). This structure is made of 24 slabs of stones, according to the Elamite principle seen in the ziggurat of Choghazanbil. This valuable monument is registered on the National Heritage List of Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization.



Kourosh (Cyrus) Palace

This palace is located to the southeast of Borazjan alongside the dry river of Aardi. This palace was one of the most important bases of Iran along the coasts of Persian Gulf during the Achaemenid Era. Its mode of architecture dates back to Cyrus’s reign.

(Source: Iran Daily)
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Boushehr

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Feb 08, 2015 6:45 am

The city Bushehr is located 1218 kilometers south-west to Tehran . It is located in large plain on the4 cost of the Persian Gulf, The mountain area of the district of Bushehr is located north-east which left a large plaic between these mountains and the persian Gulf . The weather of Bushehr , consequently is hot and humid.
There was a human settlement 2000 years BC , named " Rey Shahr" in the area which Bushehr is located now.
This settlement was one of the main important centers of the Persian Ild civilsation, which was located on the sea-way between Susa and Mahanjodaro, There are many elements remained from that period, which are equal to the Ilamid era and the suse civilisation . Some historians believe that the Sasanid king, Ardasheer , was the founder of the town "Rey Shahr" , and its was called first "Ram Ardasheer" .
N50bshr2.jpg (114642 bytes)Then is name was changes first to "Ray Shahr" , then to "Bushehr" . The most important places to visit in Bushehr are as following:
Qala Holandiha (the Duch Castle), Mabad Pozeidoon (The Sea God Temper) , Gurestan Bastain (the ancient cemerty), Imamzadeh Mir Mohammad Hanifeh, Aramgah (tomp) Haj Mohammad Ibraheem Esfahani and the Old Church which is located in the Khark Island.
Ab Anbar (water store) Qavam, Khaneh Qadimi (old hous) Qazi, Maqbareh (tomb) the English General, Gurestan (cemetry) shaab, N+Masjd (Mosque) Shaykh Sadoon Kilsay Maseeh Moqaddas (the Holy Crist Church).
Khaned (the house of) Raies Ali Delvari which is located 45 kilometers of Bushehr .
Emarat Qadimi (the Old Building) Malik which is located 5 kilometers to Bushehr.
Mantaqeh Bastani (the old site) of Rey Shahr which is located 8 kilometers souyh to Bushehr.
Armagah (tomb) abdul mohaymrn which is locattted close the to Rey Shahr.
Emarat (big building) Darya Baygui, Khaneh (house) Dehdashti, Emarat Mirath Farhangi (cultural heritage), Emaret Shahrdari (the municipality), Emaret Kazerooni and the quarter centers of Shabandi and Bihbahani in Bushehr.
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