Re: Tabriz

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Mar 31, 2015 4:57 am

The historical city of Tabriz, center of East Azarbaijan Province, which covers an area of 1943 sq km, is situated at 1361 meters above the seal level. The population of this city stands at 1.8 million people. This city dates back to 4,000 years ago, and it glitters in the history and culture of Iran.

The city of Tabriz is bound to Sahand Mountain from the south and to Ainaali Mountain from the northeast. The Talkh-e Roud River passes through the north and northwestern regions of Tabriz, while Mehran Roud River also goes through the center of this city. Tabriz is located 619 kilometers northwest of Tehran and 150 kilometers south of Jolfa; which is the frontier region of Iran and Azerbaijan Republic.

This city is the communicational center of Azarbaijan region, which has long been connected with Europe via Russia and Ottoman Empire. This city is in fact a commercial hub. Moreover, the enriched agriculture and animal husbandry of Azarbaijan region, has turned this city into a support center for agricultural activities. Also, given the appropriate environmental, provincial, and geographical conditions of this city and the development of the communication network; Tabriz is an appropriate location for centralization of major industries such as refineries, auto-making factories, and many other industries. Also due to the establishment of a transit route, which links Europe to Tehran and Far East via the Tabriz Road; the city of Tabriz has maintained commercial, economic, and industrial importance, and is considered as one of Iran’s major cities.

The city of Tabriz is home to several valuable historical monuments, which enchant every viewer. The French tourist, John Chardin, and the famous Venetian tourist, Marco Polo, have described Tabriz as a very pretty and burgeoning city. In the pre-Islamic era, especially during the rule of Archaemenian and Sassanid Dynasties, Tabriz was one of the important provinces of ancient Iran. In the post-Islamic era, this city was chosen as the capital of Iran, on six occasions. Throughout the reign of Qajarid Dynasty in 19th Century AD, Tabriz was the center of this Dynasty. For the first time, Ravaadian Dynasty chose Tabriz as their capital in 10th Century AD. From the rule of Ravaadian Dynasty to the rule of Mongols Dynasty, several quakes destroyed the city of Tabriz to the ground and several valuable works and monuments turned into ashes due to these devastating earthquakes. However, a number of valuable monuments survived these horrifying quakes and remain to this day, including Ali Shah Citadel, Kaboud Mosque, and the accredited university of that era, namely “Rob’e Rashidi University”.

Given the valuable historical monuments of Tabriz, this city has been introduced as one of the historical and cultural cities of Iran, and is the cradle of numerous scientists, literary figures, and poets. Every part of this city is home to historical monuments.

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