The city of Saari is one of the most important regions of Mazandaran Province and is considered as one of the most interesting tourist attraction sites in northern Iran. The city leads to the Caspian Sea from the north; to the city of Behshahr from the east; to Alborz Mountain Range from the south; and to the cities of Qaemshahr and Savaad-Kouh from the west. This city covers an area of almost 4,000 square kilometers. Several rivers run through this city, including Tajan River, which is 140 kilometers in length and finally pours into the Caspian Sea. Neka River is one of the other important rivers of the city of Saari, which feeds the northeastern lands of this city.
The city of Saari is known as an industrial hub. The most important industries of the city of Saari include food, print, rubber, metal, textile, wood, leather, chemical, and mineral industries; while cotton, vegetable oil, flour, pasteurized milk and dairy products are also produced in this city. Agriculture and animal husbandry is the economic mainstay of the people of Saari region. This city is also an agricultural hub; given its fertile soil and sufficient water sources. The irrigation water is provided from rivers, springs, valleys, and deep wells. The main agricultural products of this city include wheat, barley, rice, cotton, tobacco, corn, vegetables, citrus fruits, and oil seeds; the majority of which are exported to other cities. Due to the proximity of this city to the sea, fishing is highly promoted in this region.
Saari is the capital of Mazandaran Province and is one of the ancient cities of Iran. Based on written sources, the city of Saari was built by the ruler of Mazandaran Province, "Sepahbod Farkhan", under the name of his son, Saarouyeh, in 1st Century AH.
This city has been witness to numerous developments and incidents. The Abbasid Caliph, Mansour, conquered this city and constructed a mosque in it. In the year 260 AH, a Safarid King, Yacob, conquered this city. Afterwards, this city was seized by Samanid Dynasty, and in the year 426 AH, the Ghaznavi King, Mahmoud, entered the city of Saari. In the year 795 AH, the Mongol ruler, Taymour, massacred the people of Mazandaran Province and city of Saari, destroying this city to the ground.
Later on, the Safavid kings became interested in the city of Saari; and during the rule of Safavid King, Shah Abbas, this city was highly developed. This Safavid king built governmental buildings, roads, and a bridge over the Tajan River, adding to the beauties of the ever-green city of Saari.
The founder of Qajarid Dynasty, Aqa Mohammad Khan, chose the city of Saari as Iran's capital, for a while, which led to development of buildings and orchards in the vicinity of this city.
Today the city of Saari plays a significant commercial and administrative role in Mazandaran Province and is one of the main provincial capitals of Iran, given the construction of new roads in this region and establishment of this city's airport. This city maintains a high rate of rainfall in all four seasons. In fact, its annual rainfall at times exceeds 70 centimeters.
The climate of this city is humid in summers and winters. This humidity prevents freezing weather conditions in winter and has created a highly beautiful and ever-green nature.
In this city, in addition to beauties of nature such as the Caspian Sea coastlines, Saari's Naaz Plain, and forested regions, there are valuable historical monuments, for instance the Tomb of Mola Majd Ed-Din, built in the early AH centuries; Imamzadeh Yahya dome, built in late 9th Century AH; and Ja'ameh Mosque, constructed in the year 144 AH.
One of the valuable monuments which have remained from the Safavid era is Khazar-Abad Complex, located four kilometers from the city of Saari. It has the remains of a castle, a damaged public bathroom, and a mosque.
The beauty of nature in the environs of cit of Saari has led to development of wildlife safe havens in this region. For instance, the Semeskandeh wildlife safe haven is situated five kilometers east of the city of Saari, covering an area of almost 1000 hectares; and the Naaz Plain wildlife safe haven, which covers an area of 55 hectares and is situated 22 kilometers east of the city of Saari.
Semeskandeh wildlife shelter is one the important habitats of animals and birds in this region and is considered as remains of forests in this region. This shelter has been taken into consideration for protection of pheasants in Iran. This wildlife safe haven is also home to numbers of Iranian deer. The Iranian deer is one of the rare species of deer across the world.
Location: Sari City, Māzandarān Province.
Days of trip: (Without air plane) 3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 4-5 hr driving from Tehran to Sari City)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.
Best time to visit: No limit-But Spring is the best time
Daily time visit: Depend on your plan
Difficulty level: Depend on your plan
Requirements: Guide or GPS track...Depend on your plan
Legal permission need: Depend on your plan
Overall risk: -
Animal risk: No
Lost risk: Depend on your plan
Rescue: You can call 115
GSM Mobile Antenna: Depend on your plan
Hotel: in Sari city Yes
Shop: in Sari city Yes
Gasoline: in Sari city Yes
How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), Also you can use train.
2- Take a bus ticket to Sari.(Distance between Tehran and Sari is 274 Km)
Nearest airport: Sari airport
Nearest train station: Sari Station
Location on map:
Dasht e Naz