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Glass Blowing -Shisheh Gary-Shishehgary-Shishegary

Helpful information about Traditional Art in Iran like name, introduction and...

Glass Blowing -Shisheh Gary-Shishehgary-Shishegary

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Jan 12, 2014 11:44 am

Name of Persian Handicraft : Glass Blowing -Shisheh Gary (Persian: شیشه گری )

Description: In the ancient temple of “Choqazanbil”thousands of glass rods were used in building the windows; also small bottles, which could have possibly contained a holy liquid, were also discovered. “Marlik” glass- beads and glass works of Sassanid era can be considered the sign of existence of this industry in the old Iran . A glass necklace, belonging to 2250B.C., was discovered in the northwest of Iran . This necklace is composed of blue glass-beads. There have been findings of glass articles, belonging to ancient Iran , in Susa and “Hassan Lou”.

The Seljukid era is the pinnacle of blowing glasswork in Iran . In this period, glass articles were adorned with the images of flowers and birds, poems and quranic verses, all composed of glass. Large and small glass dishes consisting of scent bottles, cups, vases are among the various forms of blowing glass from the seljukid era. Glasswork, for decorating mosques, whereof special importance in the safavid. Also, various glass articles were produced in glass workshops, which have a historic value. Iranian artists produce glass goods, by blowing the glass into a mould, and then, they would paint brilliant enamel and golden design on them. The making of glass items by hand requires extraordinary skill and today in numerous glass workshops in Tehran , Isfahan , Shiraz and Kashan, this art is continued.

Combining glassware with metal is another method in this industry. The artist shapes vases, drinking-cups and other metal articles, into a netted form with flower designs, and thereafter blows the glass into them. The combination of metal and glass produces an interesting combination painted opaque and transparent carved glass is some of the artistic works of the glass blowers. Precious glass items are produced in the glass workshops of the “Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran”. The glass blowing industry is also supported by the “Handicrafts Organization of Iran”.

/www.artiniran.org/tradition.htm

Availability: in most of regions in Iran particularly Tehran , Isfahan , Shiraz and Kashan.


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Re: Glass Blowing -Shisheh Gary

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Jan 12, 2014 11:47 am

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Re: Glass Blowing -Shisheh Gary

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Jan 12, 2014 11:48 am

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Glass in Tabriz

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Dec 30, 2014 8:13 am

Glass in Tabriz

The ceramic coatings were developed in ancient times in Mesopotamia, other countries are taking the glass and glazing compounds it is not surprising that one of the glass industry in Babylon , Sumer and Assyria has made progress. Archaeologists have proven that real glass Sumer in the third millennium before Christ existed. Egyptians melt the glass with glass that is different from the mountain and wrought alkali glass that has existed in Mesopotamia after a thousand years , Egypt has been entered . There Lvhhhay Medical and Pharmaceutical Babylonian and Assyrian particular technical Lvhhhay glass industry about 625 years before Christ Mhkmyast that the glass industry because there have been advances in Iran's neighborhood . The province , the region of Elam , which shows evidence of the glass industry in the thirteenth century before Christ were there . Glass bottles Gyryshmn ziggurat temple has gained a lot of digging and a lot of glass tubes outer diameter 25/1 cm diameter holes 6 / 0 cm and a length of 75 cm was revealed them . The matte black glass charms made ​​of glass and it seems that they have been used in the network window . With all of the Achaemenid little evidence indicating the general use of glass in hand. Among the treasures of Persepolis, which is only a few glass blowing techniques were developed and some of them are in the form of arrays is clear that the color wheel . But one of the ambassadors to the Court notes that at the time of the Achaemenid Persians in the wine glass Mynvshydhand Pyalhhay .
At the time of the Seleucids , the glass industry Fynyqyha was founded on the shores of the Mediterranean city of Sidon . Fynyqyha industry learned from the Babylonians . The legend says that the Jews in captivity Tlmvzy his second glass, he learned to adapt . Fynyqyha glass and Jews before the Roman Empire was very valuable . During the Parthian and Sasanian Glass discovered large objects can be assumed that the glass industry at the same time is common in Iran .
It seems that glass- makers , as well as other styles of glass artisans have preserved their early period of Islam . Save productivity is found in many glass objects . Ordinary glass containers apparently been okay with blowing and clear and has been the role of a journalist . Prime blown and shaped glass more valuable than a simple form and then with long straws collected Mygrfthand right format and most of the molten glass and soft on the straw , and then turned it quickly glassmaker on the the lines Helix was correct .
From the very beginning of the Islamic era in Iran is decorated in the Assyrian style . This is the way objects decorated with yarn, ring, or glass balls of different colors . After the Mongol invasion , occupation and glass industry in Iran declined . Between 1664 and 1681 AD Chardin traveled to Iran so the Iranians have not been affected by the skill of the master glass makers . After appreciate other arts and crafts in glass, writes: " Glass is an industry that Iranians do not know . Iran glass workshops across the glasswork is the most spotty and shades of gray. Shiraz is the most beautiful of glass and glass Worse, they have eaten glass of water again , if the new glass will Glazer Shirazi . " Shah Abbas the Great tried the glass industry by Venetian artists of revived again , but Shishehgaran centuries after their required only ordinary glass were prepared.


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