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Gereh Chini-Girih-Gereh Sazi-Gereh-ye Chini

Helpful information about Traditional Art in Iran like name, introduction and...

Gereh Chini-Girih-Gereh Sazi-Gereh-ye Chini

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Jan 11, 2014 10:41 am

Name of Persian Handicraft : Gereh Chini-Girih-Gereh Sazi (Persian: گره چینی یا گره سازی)

ِDiscibtion: Girih (Persian: گره‎, "knot"), also girih sāzī (گره سازی, "knot making") or girih chīnī (گره چینی), is an Islamic decorative art form used in architecture and handicrafts (book covers, tapestry, small metal objects), consisting of geometric lines that form an interlaced strapwork. In Iranian architecture, gereh sazi patterns were seen in banna'i brickwork, stucco, and mosaic faience work. Girih has been defined as "geometric (often star-and-polygon) designs composed upon or generated from arrays of points from which construction lines radiate and at which they intersect."

Straight-edged symmetric shapes are used in girih. Girih typically consists of a strapwork that form 6-, 8-, 10-, or 12-pointed stars separated by polygons and straps, and often they were drawn in an interlacing manner. Such patterns usually consist of a repeating "unit cell" with 2-, 3-, or 6-fold rotational symmetry that tiles the plane with no gaps.

The three-dimensional equivalent of girih is called muqarnas. It is used to decorate the underside of domes or squinches.

More Information:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girih


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