Helpful information about Traditional Art in Iran like name, introduction and...


Postby Parvaneh » Tue Jan 07, 2014 8:12 am

Name of Persian Handicraft : GABBEH (Persian: گبه)

Asian Trade Rug Company is allied with the finest Persian Gabbeh manufacturer, Zollanvari Iran, which has been manufacturing these unique tribal rugs since 1960.

Woven for centuries Gabbeh are tribal rugs woven in the south central Zagros mountain range and their plains.

In Farsi (the language of Persia), the word Gabbeh means something raw or natural, uncut or "in the rough". Gabbeh are the world's best-known coarsely woven Iranian tribal rugs. Traditionally, the knotting and weaving of nomadic carpets are a woman's domain and area of expertise. True nomadic rugs such as the Gabbeh are almost exclusively knotted for personal use, and often the woman's spirit and natural artisanship are quite apparent in these personal interpretations of their life in art.

Another characteristic of Gabbeh rugs is a very thick pile, woven in a relatively low knot density. Designs are typically geometric and symbolic in shape and style. Gabbeh weavers may be telling a story, depicting a landscape or scene, or even conveying an emotion. Most commonly Gabbeh will be asymmetric and woven to tell a story, with figures and symbols depicting parts of the weaver's "tale". It is this subjective and random process that renders a genuine Gabbeh a completely unique work of art, distinct from other Persian rugs and from many other types of weaving or knotting in general.

Beware "knock-offs" from Turkey, India, China and Egypt, to name a few… these cheap imitations are not always handmade, and usually contain inferior wool and chemical dyes on a cotton foundation. You can usually tell by the white fringe that the rug's a cotton-foundation knock-off.

Our Persian Gabbeh generally fall into one of the following categories:

1) Basic Gabbeh feature a fairly coarse weave, with few knots per inch and a thick, plush wool pile. They usually have very little in the way of design elements, with large open fields, simple geometric shapes, bold, bright colors, and tribal drawings of people and animals. Image

2) Amalehbaft Gabbeh feature a medium weave in terms of coarseness and knots-per-inch. In general, they probably have even less in the way of design than the basic Gabbeh. Because of their tighter weave, shorter pile and simple patterns, these beautiful rugs are a great way to add color to a room without the distraction of too many design elements.

3) Kashkoli Gabbeh feature a fine weave and fairly short, soft pile. Like the Amalehbaft and the basic Gabbeh, the Kashkoli have very sparse, simple, colorful geometric designs. The tightness of the weave and the quality of the wool give these wonderful rugs a sheen that you must see in person to believe.

4) Luribaft Gabbeh also feature a fine weave and fairly short, soft pile. Unlike the other Gabbeh, Luribaft typically have more sophisticated, detailed design elements inspired by other classic Persian rugs. Like the Kashkoli, the tight weave and high-quality wool give these rich, beautiful rugs a unique trademark sheen.

5) Gabbeh Sumak are not pile rugs, but rather flat woven. With the tribal, colorful designs woven directly into the foundation, Gabbeh Sumak rugs are both amazingly detailed and quite inexpensive.

6) Baluch Sumak are flat woven as well. Though not as colorful as the Gabbeh Sumak, Baluch Sumak also feature beautiful, finely-detailed tribal design elements.

Gabbeh are usually woven on horizontal looms, which can be assembled quickly and easily - a necessity for these nomadic people of Southern Iran. Gabbeh are constructed from local handspun sheep wool and vegetal dyes. Women in the region are often seen spinning and carding the long-fibred wool by hand. Dyes are extracted from native plants and roots found in the Zagros mountain range, and are formulated from traditional recipes that have been developed over centuries. Pomegranate skin, walnut husks, madder root, and indigo are a few examples of the raw materials used. The color of the Gabbeh is organic in composition and appearance. The irregularities in the dyestuff and wool result not in a pure color, but rather a collage of similar hues, which gives Gabbeh their rich texture and emphasizes their unmistakable nomadic origin and spirit. Well cared-for Gabbeh typically appreciate with use and age.

More Information:

Availability: in most of regions in Iran.



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