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Calligraphy

Helpful information about Traditional Art in Iran like name, introduction and...

Calligraphy

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Jan 06, 2014 10:02 am

Name of Persian Handicraft : Calligraphy (Persian: خوشنویسی ایرانی‎)


Description:
Persian Calligraphy is the calligraphy of Persian writing system. It has been one of the most revered arts throughout Persian history. It is considered to be one of the most notable examples of Persian culture.

History
Example showing Nastaʿlīq's proportion rules.
The history of calligraphy in Iran dates back to the pre-Islam era. In Zoroastrianism beautiful and clear writings were always praised.
In the ancient Persia and in the different historic eras, languages such as “Ilami”, “Avestaaee”, “Pahlavi”, and “Farsi-e-Mianeh” were spoken. It is believed that ancient Persian script was invented by about 500-600 BC to provide monument inscriptions for the Achaemenid kings. These scripts consisted of horizontal, vertical, and diagonal nail-shaped letters and that is the reason in Persian it is called “Script of Nails” or “Khat-e-Mikhi”, or cuneiform as it is known in English.

Centuries later, other scripts such as “Avestaee” and “Pahlavits" were created. The Avestan alphabet or “Avestaaee” was created in the 3rd century CE for writing the hymns of Zarathustra. Avestan is an extinct Indo-Iranian language related to Old Persian and Sanskrit. Avestaaee script was related to the religious scripts of Zoroastrians’ holy book called “Avestaa” and unlike the nail script -that was carved on flat stones- Avestaaee script was written with a feather pen, usually on animal-skin pages. It is surprising that this script has similarities with Arabic scripts such as “Sols” and “Naskh” that centuries later were invented. However, unlike these scripts, letters in Avestaaee were not connected to each other to form a word but they just were written separately next to each other (similar to Latin scripts). However it wrote from right to left

More Information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persian_calligraphy


Availability: in most of regions in Iran.


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Parvaneh
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