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Shadegan Wetland

Helpful information about lake and lagoons in Iran like name, introduction, maps, requirements and...

Shadegan Wetland

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 05, 2014 10:42 am

Introduction: Shadegan Wetland (Persian: تالاب شادگان ‎)

Shadegan Wetland in Khuzestan province is one of the 18 international wetlands registered on UNESCO’s Natural Heritage List.

Located 52 km from Abadan and 105 km from Ahvaz, it is Iran’s largest wetland. Linking Jarahi River to Persian Gulf waters, the wetland is considered one of the most wonderful natural attractions of the world because of its unique biodiversity, Fars News Agency reported.

In fact, the presence of fresh water and saline water in the wetland--which is regarded a rare phenomenon--has led to the diversity in the wetland’s marine ecosystem. Its water supply is mainly through Karoun River.

Shadegan is home to a large number of migratory birds that arrive at the wetland from Northern Europe, Canada and Siberia every year.

The high diversity of plant and animal species in Shadegan Wetland has caused the International Supreme Council for the Environment to register it as an international protected zone.

Just like the wetland, Shadegan Protected Zone is of high economic and social importance. Its vegetation is considered the main source of feeding its wildlife population.

Although the wetland has the potential to become a tourism destination and bears many socioeconomic advantages for local residents, different kinds of pollutants are threatening its ecosystem.

The wetland is facing a series of environmental crises largely caused by an oil spill, inflow of fertilizers and the release of sewage produced by nearby factories.

Wetland Ranking Down

About 117 villages and three cities are located in the vicinity of the wetland. Their residents use boats to reach other villages and cities just like in Venice, Italy, which attracts thousands of visitors annually due to its unique architecture.

Human interference and rise in pollution have lowered the wetland’s ranking on the UNESCO list. The wetland, which once ranked 5th on the UNESCO list, is now at 22nd place.

Jamal Zurizadeh, the head of Shadegan Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Department, said road construction near the wetland, illegal logging and the discharge of more than 50 million cubic meters of industrial and urban waste into the wetland are threatening its ecosystem.

“Discharge of waste into the water--mainly from sugarcane factory--has increased the salinity of water and led to the death of marine animals,” he said.

Zurizadeh said recently measures have been taken by environmental experts to reduce water pollution.

“The construction of a wastewater canal measuring 100 meters in width is near completion,” he said, adding that it is a drainage canal and will pump the waste produced by the sugarcane factory.

Shadegan is of high tourism potentials and development of infrastructures for converting the wetland into a tourist destination is on the agenda.

“Villages in the vicinity, including Ragbeh and Sarakhieh, were provided with tourism facilities in recent years,” he said.

With the expansion of tourism facilities in the region, a recreational center was established near Sarakhieh Village and its green spaces were expanded.

Rare Species

Seyyed Ahmad Mousavi-Azad, the head of Abadan’s Department of Environment, said Shadegan Wetland covers an area of 400,000 hectares.

He noted that Shadegan Wetland is the province’s most important tourist attraction.

“Rare animals and plant species can be found in the area,” he said, adding that most of these species are indigenous and cannot be found in other places.

http://english.irib.ir/radioculture/ira ... -wonderful


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Location: Darkhoveyn City,Ahvaz City, Khozestan province

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 12-14 hr driving from Tehran to Ahvaz-976 Km and then 2 hr From Ahvaz to Shadegan Wetland )
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: December up to February

Daily time visit:

Difficulty level: Depend on your plan

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent

Legal permission need:


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna:in some region Yes


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Hotel: in Ahvaaz city Yes

Shop: in Darkhoveyn City Yes

Gasoline: in Darkhoveyn City Yes

Village:


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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or south terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), Also you can use train.
2- Take a bus ticket to Ahvaz .(Distance between Tehran to Ahvaaz is 976 Km)
3-Take a bus ticket to Darkhoveyn City.(Distance between Ahvaaz to Darkhoveyn Cityis 70 Km)
4- Take a 4WD to Shadegan Wetland .


Nearest airport: Ahvaaz airport

Nearest train station:Ahvaaz station


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Location on map:

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Re: Shadegan Wetland

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 05, 2014 10:43 am

Shadegan wetland (with an area of 537700 hectares) is an environmental system comprising of fresh and saline wetlands as well as tidal gulf of Khor mousa and its islands. The wetland is located beneath Jerahi river, between the cities of Shadegan, Abadan and Mahshar in Khouzestan province and reach to the Persian gulf at the end.

Shadegan wetland is the biggest Ramsar site in Iran, been registered in 1975 and is considered as an important international wetland. According to the 1381 studies, 17 plant communities comprise of 110 plant species ( including Khor mousa islands) have been identified in the territories of the wetland. Furthermore, this wetland is internationally recognized due to its high animal biodiversity and so far about 311 animal species has been identified in the vicinity of the wetland. The unique and important features of Shadegan wetland includes big scale, a natural ecosystem, biodiversity and its important role in the livelihood of the local residents. The three big cities of Shadegan, Abadan and Mahshar are close to this wetland. There are also several villages in the vicinities of Shadegan wetland. The majority of the population in this cities and villages are Arabs with the main occupation of farming and ranching. Buffalo graving, fishing, hunting birds and harvesting reeds are the main benefits gained from the wetland by the local people. The major threads to the wetlands includes the inflow of the drainages, water pollution, The reduction of the floodwater inflow, long term climate change/drought, the introduction of nonnative species, the leakage of petroleum materials form the pipes and disturbance for the wild life.

http://wetlandsproject.ir/english/ensho ... wid=6&id=0


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Re: Shadegan Wetland

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Apr 06, 2014 9:11 am

Shadegan wetland extends over an area of 296,000 hectares, and its surface is covered by great varieties of vegetations. It creates a suitable habitat for a number of migrating waterfowls, which fly to this area from north Europe, Canada and Siberia in autumn. In this wetland there are different fish varieties which live in salt and sweet-water. This vicinity is a habitat and breeding ground for the 'Marbled Teal' in the world, and rare birds species such as the 'Spotted Curlew' and the 'African Glossy Ibis', are also found in the surroundings of this wetland. Generally speaking, this vicinity can be accounted as a habitat for one-third of the animal and herbal species that are on the verge of extinction. The said wetland, in addition to international values, according to the regulations of "Supreme Council for Protection of Environment" under title of " Shadegan International Wildlife Refuges" has been given to "Department of the Environment".

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Re: Shadegan Wetland

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Apr 16, 2014 7:53 am

Shadegan Wetland, which extends over 296,000 hectares, is covered by diverse vegetations that have made it a suitable habitat for migrating waterfowls from north Europe, Canada and Siberia in autumn and winter.


According to Iran Daily quoting TourismIran, the wetland hosts a variety of fish that live in salty and sweet water.
It is a habitat and breeding ground for Marbled Teal while rare bird species such as Spotted Curlew and African Glossy Ibis are also found in its surroundings.
Generally speaking, the wetland can be accounted as a habitat of one-third of the flora and fauna that are on the verge of extinction.
The wetland enjoys an international status and according to the regulations of the Supreme Council for Environmental Protection is titled Shadegan International Wildlife Refuges.
Shadegan Wetland, located in the town of the same name, is one of the 18 wetlands listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
The wetland—locally known as Hoor—is one of the outstanding natural attractions of Khuzestan. To understand its significant role in the region’s ecosystem and economy, a brief overview of Khuzestan is required.
Khuzestan, considered one of the biggest provinces of Iran, is located in southwestern Iran and to the north of Persian Gulf. The province is divided into two parts: the plains and the mountains.
Plains are considered a natural part of Mesopotamia. Considering its hot and dry climate, the warm period lasts 7 months in the year starting from March 21 up to Oct. 22.
Annual rainfall in the provincial plains is the shortest and most intense rainfall witnessed among significant parts of the region. The wetland surrounds the town from the south to the west.
Extending over 1,328,191 acres, the wetland’s waters come from the Jarrahi Stream, meaning the “big brown” in Farsi.
Shadegan Wetland offers an incredible natural richness. The hot and dry climate and the presence of dust in the air combined with the wetland’s moisture make a mist that has a substantial effect on the stabilization of Khuzestan’s climate.
Its flora and fauna are of remarkable environmental and economic value. The wetland is considered a winter settlement for migratory birds of the South Siberian plains and local species.
On several levels, including bio-environmental, social and economic, the wetland has a huge impact on the life of Shadegan’s inhabitants.
Shadegan, an ancient town of Khuzestan, is located 28 miles northeast of Abadan, near the ancient Musa Cove named after Darius by the end of the Achaemenian period and changed to Dourak or Douragh during the Islamic era.
In olden times, Shadegan was populated mainly by Aryans but the Islamic and Arab dominance later led to the emergence of a new ethnic community.
On account of its location near “Musa Cove” and the Persian Gulf’s encroachment, Shadegan Wetland was called Bouzi Port until 15 years ago.
Remnants of Bouzi Port can be seen to the south of Shadegan, on the way to Abadan and Mahshahr.

http://english.irib.ir/radioculture/ira ... an-wetland

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Re: Shadegan Wetland

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Apr 16, 2014 7:56 am

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Re: Shadegan Wetland

Postby daren » Wed Aug 27, 2014 5:47 am

Shadegan is the Iran's largest wetland.It covers 400,000 hectors. This waterland has diverse flora and funa. It is also home of different fishes which lives in its sweet and salty water.
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