It sets apart the Gorgan Bay from the Caspian Sea. The elevation of the peninsula from the sea level is 23 meters and four villages are situated on it namely: Ashuradeh, Qezel-e shomali, Qezel-Mehdi and Qavasatl. The city situated at the opposite side of the peninsula's end is Bandar Torkaman. The island of Ashuradeh lies off the eastern tip of the peninsula.
Miankaleh peninsula is one of the richest ecological havens in West Asia and perhaps in the whole world. It is home to many unique Caspian bird and reptile species native to this region. It's also a very important internationally-recognized refuge for migratory birds. Flora and fauna include:
Raspberry, common medlar, Mediterranean hackberry, Jerusalem Thorn, Populus, Salsola, Cyperaceae, and Polygonum;
Wolf, Jackal, fox, Hedgehog, Wild boar, Caspian seal, Flamingo, Black Francolin, Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, and Little Bustard;
Common carp, Caspian White Fish, Zander, Crucian carp, Mullet; and
endangered birds: Coot, Purple Swamphen, Smew, Flamingo, White-headed Duck, Red-breasted Goose, and Whooper Swan.
The peninsula, with Gorgan Bay, has been designated an International Wetland (Ramsar site) in 1975 and an international UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1976. On the national level, it is protected under the "Wildlife Refuge" status by the Iranian Dept. of Environment.
Location: Gorgan province.
Walking path length: Depend on your plan
Days of trip: 2 or 3 Days from Tehran to Tehran
Best time to visit: November to March
Daily time visit: No limit, but in summer it is very hot.
Difficulty level: Moderately easy, (night camping with no facilities)
Requirements: Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, satellite phone, headlamp
Legal permission need: Yes
Overall risk: -
Animal risk: Yes
Lost risk: Yes
Rescue: Yes, you can call 115 but rescue teams need a long time to find you.
GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes
Hotel: Not in near
Village: Not in near
Shop: Not in near
Gasoline: Not in near
How to get there:
1- Go to East terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus ticket to Behshahr
3- Take a taxi to Miankale
Nearest airport: No airport less than 100 km
Nearest train station: Behshahr station
Location on map: