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Vakil Bazaar (Bazar-e Vakil) - Shiraz

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Vakil Bazaar (Bazar-e Vakil) - Shiraz

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Nov 26, 2013 5:25 am

Introduction: Vakil Bazaar (Persian: بازار وکیل‎) is the main bazaar of Shiraz, Iran, located in the historical center of the city.

It is thought that the market originally was established by the Buwayhids in the 11th century AD, and was completed mainly by the Atabaks of Fars, and only was renamed after Karim Khan Zand in the 18th century.

The Bazaar has beautiful courtyards, caravansarais, bath houses, and old shops which are deemed among the best places in Shiraz to buy all kinds of Persian rugs, spices, copper handicrafts and antiques.

Like other middle eastern Bazaars there are a few numbers of mosques and Imamzadehs constructed adjacent or behind the Bazaar.


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Location: in the historical center of the Shiraz , Fars province

Walking path length: No need to walking

Days of trip: 3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need about 12 hr driving from Tehran to Shiraz)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: No Limit

Daily time visit: No permission

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: Guide or GPS track

Legal permission need: No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes


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Hotel: Yes

Village: Located in Shiraz city

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes


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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or south terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus to Shiraz (Also can use train or airplane)(Distance from Tehran to Shiraz is 931 Km)
3- Take a taxi to Vakil Bazaar


Nearest airport: Shiraz airport

Nearest train station: Shiraz station


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Location on map:





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Parvaneh
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Re: Vakil Bazaar (Bazar-e Vakil) - Shiraz

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Jan 04, 2014 1:14 pm

Variant Names Vakil Bazaar, Bazar-e Vakil, Vakil Bazar, Bazaar-e Vakil
Street Address Darb-i Shahzadeh
Location Kerman, Iran
Date 1870/1287 AH
Style/Period Qajar
Century 19
Building Type commercial
Building Usage market

The city of Kerman is located in the center of Iran at the crossroads of east-west and north-south trade routes. Consequently, its bazaar and the entrance gates to the city are also located along these routes. The bazaar at Kerman is formed around these two main axes that cross to form a chahar suq, or market place, at their intersection; the Vakil bazaar is found in its east-west wing.

Commissioned by Mohammad Khan Vakil al-Molk and his son Esmail Khan Vakil al-Molk Sani, the Vakil bazaar was completed in 1870 (AH 1287). The original construction contained a caravanserai, a bazaar, a public bath (hammam), and a mosque. Today, the hammam is used as a traditional tea house, and the mosque, caravanserai, and the bazaar itself have all been renovated.

Nearly six hundred meters long, the Vakil bazaar is such an important component of the Kerman bazaar that the latter is sometimes mistakenly called the "Vakil bazaar." Containing one hundred and seventeen shops, the Vakil bazaar functions as a spine. Other components of the complex are positioned along its length. When entering the bazaar from the east, one finds the mosque located immediately to the south, the caravanserai to the north, and the Hayati madrasa also on the south, next to the mosque. After passing the chahr suq, one finds the hammam, situated on the north side of the Vakil bazaar.

The hammam was built in 1863 (1280 AH), and the carevanserai, the largest in the city of Kerman, was constructed in 1870 (1287 AH). There are one hundred and twenty chambers spread over the two floors of the caravanserai, which is still in good condition today. A small bazaar, formerly located on the east side of the caravanserai, is no longer in existence. The mosque, built in 1870 (1287 AH) remains in good condition and continues to function as a mosque.

Sources:

Purahmad, Ahmad. Geography and Function of Kerman Bazaar, 225-230. Kerman: Markaz-i Kerman Shenasi, 1998.

"Vakil Bazaar, Kerman." Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization. http://www.iranmiras.ir. [Accessed June 2, 2006; inaccessible October 17, 2013].


http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-si ... te_id=8371
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Re: Vakil Bazaar (Bazar-e Vakil) - Shiraz

Postby Parvaneh » Thu Jan 30, 2014 12:26 pm

Vakil Bazaar is the main bazaar of Shiraz and is located in the historical center of the city in Darb’e Shahzadeh near the Vakil Mosque. It displays a beautiful architecture with wide corridors and high ceilings along with openings which allow air circulation and penetration of light. It extends from near the Esfahan Gate to where the Bazaars of the old city of Shiraz begin, and it comprises arched alcoves with wide platforms in between, and seventy four high and well proportioned arches sustaining the roof. There is a high domed crossing, where the east and west bazaars diverge from the main bazaar. Several of the main arches, and a number of intervening alcoves of the Vakil Bazaar, which were used as shops, were demolished when the Zand Avenue was extended eastwards.


The Vakil Bazaar was constructed of yellow bricks following the design of the earlier royal bazaar in Isfahan. It has five entrances with two rows of shops (Hojreh), situated north-south and east-west direction and perpendicular to each other. The floor of these shops are elevated about 70 centimeters from the street level, leaving a shelf in front of the shops running in all the length of the street. This shelf is about 1 meter wide. The Bazaar has beautiful courtyards, caravansarays, bath houses, and old shops which are deemed among the best places in Shiraz to buy all kinds of Persian rugs, spices, copper handicrafts and antiques. Like other Middle Eastern Bazaars there are a few numbers of mosques and Imamzadehs constructed adjacent or behind the Bazaar.


Previously a functional and giant marble pool used to exist in the middle of the bazaar with its water being provided from the western wing of the bazaar. Gradually and as a result of the floor of the bazaar being brought up the pool is no longer in place. The tall ceilings of the bazaar combined with some simple wind towers enables the purification and steady flow of fresh air in the bazaar. Originally there were many more openings on the roof which allowed fresh air and light to penetrate the bazaar although as a result of renovations many of such openings have now been sealed and perforated openings above the shops have been put in place.


Some believe that the market originally was established by the Buwayhids, and was completed mainly by the Atabaks of Fars, and only was renamed after Karim Khan Zand in the 18th century. Others believe that the Zand monarch, after seeing the ancient Bazaar dating from the time of Shah Abbas, laid out the design of the long finely-planned Bazaar in Shiraz, which is one of the best of the late Vakil's monuments.


In 2005 Shiraz’s entire underground railway project plan was being reconsidered. Examinations proved that the soil in areas where Shiraz historical context is situated was not firm enough and digging tunnels could result in serious damage to ancient structures in the area. Other than the Vakil Bazaar, other areas that would be affected include historical public baths, old houses, and Karim Khan Citadel.

http://historicaliran.blogspot.com/2009 ... azaar.html
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