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Khaju Bridge- Khajoo Bridge- Pol-e Khāju

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Khaju Bridge- Khajoo Bridge- Pol-e Khāju

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Nov 20, 2013 10:25 am

Introduction: Khaju Bridge (Persian: پل خواجو ‎ Pol-e Khāju) is arguably the finest bridge in the province of Isfahan, Iran. It was built by the Persian Safavid king, Shah Abbas II around 1650 C.E., on the foundations of an older bridge. Serving as both a bridge, and a dam (or a weir), it links the Khaju quarter on the north bank with the Zoroastrian quarter across the Zayandeh River. Although architecturally functioning as a bridge and a weir, it also served a primary function as a building and a place for public meetings.This structure was originally decorated with artistic tilework and paintings, and served as a teahouse. In the center of the structure, a pavilion exists inside which Shah Abbas would have once sat, admiring the view. Today, remnants of a stone seat is all that is left of the king's chair. This bridge is one of the finest examples of Persian architecture at the height of Safavid cultural influence in Iran. In words of Upham Pope and Jean Chardin, Khaju bridge is "the culminating monument of Persian bridge architecture and one of the most interesting bridges extant...where the whole has rhythm and dignity and combines in the happiest consistency, utility, beauty, and recreation."


Specifications: A view of the bridge at night highlighting the arches
A view onto the river. The bridge is constructed to highlight the natural beauty of the river.

Khaju Bridge has 24 arches and is 133 metres long and 12 metres wide. The pass way of the bridge is 7.5 meters wide, made of bricks and stones with 21 larger and 26 smaller inlet and outlet channels. The pieces of stone used in this bridge are over 2 meters long and the distance between every channel and the ceiling base is 21 meters. The existing inscriptions suggest that the bridge was repaired in 1873.

Khaju is one of the bridges that regulate the water flow in the river because there are sluice gates under the archways over the river. When the sluice gates are closed, the water level behind the bridge is raised to facilitate the irrigation of the many gardens along the river upstream of this bridge.

On the upper level of the bridge, the main central aisle was utilized by horses and carts and the vaulted paths on either side by pedestrians. Octagonal pavilions in the center of the bridge on both the down and the upstream sides provide vantage points for the remarkable views. The lower level of the bridge may be accessed by pedestrians and remains a popular shady place for relaxing.

Iranian urban architects, however, note their dismay with the recent, and modern renovations that have taken place at the Khaju.

Location: Isfahan

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 2 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 6 hr driving from Tehran to Isfahan)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: No limit, but Spring is a best time.

Daily time visit: No

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: -

Legal permission need: No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes


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Hotel: Yes

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes

Village: Located in Isfahan city


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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), Also you can use train.
2- Take a bus ticket to Isfahan.
3- Take a taxi to Khaju Bridge.


Nearest airport: Isfahan airport

Nearest train station: Isfahan station


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Location on map:




Pictures:

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khaju_Bridge
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Re: Khaju Bridge

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Jan 29, 2014 11:31 am

The Khaju Bridge is one of the most famous bridges in Isfahan, Iran and has roused the admiration of travelers since the 17th century. Shah Abbas II built it on the foundations of an older bridge around 1650. It has 23 arches and is 105 meters long and 14 meters wide. It links the Khaju quarter on the north bank with the Zoroastrian quarter across the Zayandeh River. It also functions as a weir; the downstream side is formed as a series of steps carrying the water to a much lower level.


The Khaju Bridge is located at the east end of Kamal Ismael Isfahani street and the south end of Khaju street. The pass way of the bridge is 7.5 meters wide, made of bricks and stones with 21 larger and 26 smaller inlet and outlet channels. The pieces of stone used in this bridge are over 2 meters long and the distance between every channel and the ceiling base is 20 meters. The existing inscriptions suggest that the bridge was repaired in 1873.


The bridge is an arch bridge and thus does not need cables or additional supports. It is a semicircular structure with abutments on each end (part of a structure that bears the weight or pressure of an arch). The arches shift the weight from the bridge deck to the support structure. The force of compression is pushed outward along the curve of the arch toward the abutments.


It has been said that Shah Abbas’s goal in constructing this bridge was to connect the areas of Khaju and Hasan Abad with Takht’e Foolad and the road to Shiraz.


On the upper level of the bridge, the main central aisle was utilized by horses and carts and the vaulted paths on either side by pedestrians. Original 17th century paintings and beautiful tile work are still viewable on the bridge today. Octagonal pavilions in the center of the bridge on both the down and the upstream sides house an art gallery and teahouses and provide vantage points for the remarkable views. The lower level of the bridge may be accessed by pedestrians and remains a popular shady place for relaxing.


Khaju is one of the bridges that regulate the water flow in the river because there are sluice gates under the archways over the river. When the sluice gates are closed, the water level behind the bridge is raised to facilitate the irrigation of the many gardens along the river upstream of this bridge.

In 2008, the Khaju Bridge, described as one of the world's great "multifunctional" bridges, made the list of the world's 10 most amazing bridges at number nine.

Instead of using proper archaeological tools and competently trained archaeologists, restorers, etc. authorities have often used conventional construction methods, tools and personnel, ultimately resulting in irreversible damage to ancient Iranian sites. There is currently an “improvement” project in place which is in fact damaging the structural and historical integrity of the Khaju Bridge.


http://historicaliran.blogspot.com.ar/2 ... ridge.html

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Re: Khaju Bridge- Khajoo Bridge- Pol-e Khāju

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Apr 07, 2014 7:39 am

The above mentioned took its foundation in the late Teimooride period, and was constructed according to what it is currently in 1060 AH, under the orders of Shah Abbas II. Its cubicles, adornments and tile work are interesting aspects of this constructions. There is a structure in the center of the bridge, known as the Beglarbegi construction. The same was used as a temporary residence for the royal family.
The name of this bridge is a distorted version of the word 'Khajeh' which was a title for great personalities in the Safavid era. It was constructed on the Zayandeh Rood River. Built by Shah Abbas I from about 1650. It doubles as a dam, and has always been as much a meeting place as a functioning bearer of traffic.It has two levels of terraces overlooking the river, the lower contain locks regulating the flow of the river.

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Khaju Bridge

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Apr 12, 2014 11:49 am

Khaju bridge is one of the most beautiful bridges in the world dates from Shah Abbas II. It is located on eastern axis of Isfahan city and it was built in 1060A.D.
It is a magnificent structure measuring 133 meters long and 12 meters wide and 21 openings. An eight angle palace has been built in middle and both parts of this bridge called "Biglar Beigi" (great palace, the chief's seat) or alcove. It has included precious architecture and beautiful decorations in which gilding designs have increased its beauty.

Shah Abbas II (the great one) sometimes took place in this palace with women's apartment, or officers and foreign guests or home guests, then he watched some ceremonies, such as; different ceremonies of new year and Abpashan celebration (sprinkling water). This bridge consist of beautiful lights at two sides. It is considerable to notice that this bridge has been designed in a way used as a dam and also for various use.
This bridge has had other names, such as; Shahi Bridge, Gabrha Bridge, BaBa Roknodin Bridge, and Shiraz Bridge besides Khaju Bridge.

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Re: Khaju Bridge- Khajoo Bridge- Pol-e Khāju

Postby Parvaneh » Sat May 03, 2014 7:41 am

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Re: Khaju Bridge- Khajoo Bridge- Pol-e Khāju

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Mar 29, 2015 9:38 am

through closing Pol-e Khajou Bridge’s openings for entry of water, with metallic and wooden doors, a lake in the western corner of the bridge can be made. The majority of travel books written by foreign tourists, have referred to the beauty of this lake. In fact, it can be said that Pol-e Khajou is a highly artistic engineering work, which is a technical masterpiece. This bridge, at the first glance, makes the viewers praise the knowledge and experience of the previous generations. The architects of this bridge, with their limited construction materials and tools, made utmost efforts, building a structure that has stood the test of time, which in turn manifests their ingenuity and vast knowledge. To protect this highly valuable historical bridge, the vehicles are not allowed to pass over it. Underneath the bridge, a traditional teahouse has been built, which hosts the Iranian and foreign tourists.

http://english.irib.ir

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Re: Khaju Bridge- Khajoo Bridge- Pol-e Khāju

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Mar 29, 2015 9:44 am

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