-->
-->

Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Helpful information about Specials of Iran like windmills and wind-catchers and...

Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:21 am

Name: Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites (Persian: قبایل ترکمن:فرهنگ و سنن و ورزش )

Description:

Turkmans are some groups of middle yellow who, under various social and natural conditions and factors, invaded Central Asia and gradually settled there.



According to common narrations, the head of Turkmans was someone called Aghooz Khan, and in the myths and stories of Turkmans he is regarded to be the same as Adam. Another point worthy of mention in these myths is the reference made to Noah and his three sons. In the Turkmans' family tree we come across such names as Tatar, Turk, etc who were descendants of Alinje Khan.

In any case the Turkman tribal groups were not solid and uniform in the 6th Hijira century. In the 8th and 9th centuries they were mixed, resulting in gradual elimination of tribal features existing among them. After demarcation of frontiers between Iran and Russia, migration and transfer of Turkmans diminished to a certain extent, and only some groups such as Yamoots, Tekkehs, Saloors and Sarighs kept on emigrating. After the 1917 revolution in Russia, these migrations came to an end.

Turkman traditional wrestling

The main sport in Turkmans' life is horse racing. Horse is the most important part throughout his life. Agile Turkman horse riders start their career from the age of 5, ie from the time they can sit on a horse back.

In addition to horse racing, wrestling is an important traditional sport of Turkmans. They start this sport at a very young age, and win awards for their villages and towns until they are capable of doing so.

Turkman wrestling contest is an arena for showing power and strength by champions against known or unknown rivals who are sometimes much stronger. In this wrestling weights of participants or time of contests are not taken into account. The two contestants continue their fights indefinitely until the final results are announced. The space of this contest is not limited and the wrestler is allowed to take his rival to a long radius. Shawl has a special role in Turkman traditional wrestling.

Here the wrestlers tie shawls round their waists. According to regulations when the referee ties red shawl round wrestlers and puts the hands of each wrestler in the shawl of the other, the two wrestlers will start fighting. In addition to two referees two assistant referees supervise over correct tying of shawls. Then the referee hits the palms of his hands on the backs of the wrestlers and the contest starts.

The most important point in this wrestling is that if the hand or knee or any part of the wrestler's body, except his palm, touches the ground, then the wrestler will be declared the loser, and the referee will raise the other's hand and will declare him the winner. A prize is usually awarded to the winner. In traditional Turkman wrestling, strong wrists and legs contribute to victory. It rarely happens that wrestling ends in a draw. If the shoulders or sides of the two champions touch the ground at the same time the match will end in `chal' or draw and the hands of the two will be raised as the winners. Any prize envisaged for this purpose will be divided equally between them. Referees are chosen by majority votes of the wrestlers. Six or seven are chosen from among the expert traditional Turkman wrestlers who choose one among them as the referee.

An elder man from among the referees is chosen as the trustee or treasurer, to collect prizes from people to encourage the champions. In the past a cow was awarded to the great champion, called Owla; a sheep to the second rate champion called chayerchi; and blankets and other articles to other champions. According to the prevalent custom, when the referees of the Turkman traditional wrestling receive gifts they would wave their handkerchiefs, which indicate gratitude of champion and the organizer of the contest.

The sum gifted is usually 50 to 100 thousand rials, against which a handkerchief is presented to the donor regardless of the amount. The recipient of the handkerchief rubs it round his forehead and takes it with him.

The traditional wrestling is held in religious festivities, weddings, circumcisions and other happy occasions. As a sign of vow or dedication, the recipient ties the handkerchief and touches it on his forehead.

In Turkman Sahra all weddings and other celebrations end in horse racing and wrestling. These events are, in fact, the main parts of celebrations.

Some of the techniques used in this wrestling are as follows:

• Sereshmeh, or twisting one foot round the rival's foot,

• Pavaki or hooking one foot from the back of the rival's foot,

• Apak kakmeh, which means that the wrestler hits his foot quickly and sharply at the rival's foot and lifts him from the ground.


http://english.irib.ir/radioculture/art ... ons--rites




Pictures:

Turkman traditional wrestling

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Re: Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:29 am

Traditional Clothes:

Image

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Re: Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:31 am

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Re: Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:35 am

Turkman Dance

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Re: Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:54 am

Turkaman Wedding

Image

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Re: Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:56 am

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Re: Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:56 am

Turkaman Wedding


Image

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Re: Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:57 am

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Re: Turkman Tribes: Cultural & Athletic traditions & Rites

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:58 am

Turkaman Wedding

Image

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Turkmen Handicrafts

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Sep 07, 2014 7:16 am

Name: Turkmen Handicrafts (Persian: صنایع دستی ترکمن)

Description:

Handicrafts are of paramount importance to Turkmen, as they are a source of livelihood alongside agriculture and animal husbandry.

Carpet weaving and felting are the main sources of income for Turkmen families, which are usually managed by women, IRIB reported.

The Turkmen women are also engaged in needlework and silkworm breeding. However, needlework is produced by Turkmen families mainly for personal use.



Carpet Weaving

One of the most important handicrafts of Turkmen women is carpet weaving. A majority of Turkmen villagers and urban dwellers have at least one weaving loom in their houses.

The Turkmen women are mainly engaged in carpet weaving, which is transferred like a legacy by mothers to their daughters.

The Turkmen women start carpet weaving from a very young age. The economic importance of carpet weaving among Turkmen families is such that the carpet weaving skill is one of the criteria of marriage, especially in Turkmen villages.

Carpets have both material and cultural importance. The study of carpet patterns produced by Turkmen women shows that carpets have been the protector of culture.

No prepared pattern is used in Turkmen carpets, which are geometrical. One of the differences of Turkmen carpets with the carpets of other regions is the limitation of dyes used in Turkmen carpets.

Red is the main color of Turkmen carpets, which lends them a special glitter.

Turkmen women weave carpets in different shapes and sizes to meet a variety of needs and demands.

They use beautiful geometrical patterns inspired by their environment.

Light and pretty rugs decorate Turkmen arbors, which are also used as prayer mats in rural and urban homes.



Felting

One of the other activities undertaken by Turkmen women is felting. The main element used in felting is wool that is abundant among Turkmen, as they are engaged in animal husbandry.

The abundance and cheapness of wool have led to the development of felting sector among Turkmen.

In addition to its light weight, felts are used for protection against moisture and cold.

Felts are mainly based on the natural colors of wool, including white, black, grey and brown. Among Turkmen, felts are for a number of uses, such as clothing for shepherds and horses.

Also, felts are used as the ceilings and inner walls of arbors by Turkmen.



Needlework

One of the most delicate and beautiful handicrafts of Turkmen women is needlework, which decorates the hats of men and the clothing of Turkmen women.

In needlework products, the taste and creativity of Turkmen women are presented within the framework of local traditional patterns.

Nearly all Turkmen women are familiar with this valuable handicraft. However, needlework is not considered a source of livelihood by Turkmen women and is mainly for personal use or presentation to relatives, which has enhanced the beauty and exquisiteness of this art.

The ornaments of Turkmen women, which include necklaces, bracelets and hairpins, are highly attractive. Gold and silver are used in their ornaments.



Turkmen Clothes

The clothing of any people is important in becoming familiar with their culture and their ethnic traits.

The clothing of Turkmen women is simple yet diverse and designed differently for different age groups.

Turkmen women wear a long dress named Koynek. The collar of this clothing is decorated with needlework in simple and delicate patterns.

Due to the strong belief of Turkmen women in Islamic precepts, they completely comply with hijab. They use large silk scarves for covering their hair.

Turkmen girls wear a hat underneath their headscarves while women wear a headband over their scarves after marriage.

The clothing of Turkmen men is highly influenced by the clothing of other Iranians.

The traditional Turkmen clothing is only seen among Turkmen who live far from cities. The hats of Turkmen men are semi-circular and made of wool.

Source: Iran Daily


Pictures:


Carpet Weaving

Image

Image

Image

Image


Needlework

Image
Parvaneh
Site Admin
 
Posts: 4429
Joined: Wed Nov 06, 2013 9:11 am
Has thanked: 13 times
Been thanked: 43 times

Next

Return to Other Specials of Iran

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Google [Bot] and 22 guests