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Marlik Hills

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Marlik Hills

Postby Parvaneh » Sat May 31, 2014 1:00 pm

Introduction:Marlik Hills (Persian:تپه های مالیک رودبار )

The historical hills of this valley, including the Marlik Hills, contain remnants of a forgotten ancient civilization.

Marlik Hills hold precious treasures of artifacts and human civilization that thrived in the region for centuries. They are natural and rocky hills made of iron sulfate stones.

Excavations at Marlik Hills took place throughout 1961 and 1962 with the cooperation of Tehran University and Department of Archeology.

These excavations revealed that these hills are home to ancient tombs and cemeteries of forgotten ethnicities.

These hills were possibly the burial site of local rulers who governed this region in the late second millennium and early first millennium BC.

They were laid to rest along with valuable objects, based on the then traditions.

Twenty-five tombs were discovered in this region, alongside objects such as gunmetal and ceramic dishes, decorative buttons, arrows, swords, daggers, bronze and ceramic statues, helmets, spears, golden and gunmetal needles.

Paintings of humans, plants and animals such as bulls and unicorns, toys and a few other items were discovered, which indicate the culture and lifestyle of its residents and show their belief in life after death.

Garments unearthed at Marlik Hills manifest the emergence and progress of weaving industry in Gilan province, several thousand years ago.

One of the items discovered is an engraved stone and another stone with the painting of a hunting resort. According to archeologists, these items date back to more than 3,000 years.

The unique example of these discovered items is the Marlik Cup, which is made of pure gold and has a height of 18 centimeters.

At the bottom of this cup, a beautiful flower has been painted. The middle of the flower shows the sun whose rays are scattered.

For the ancient residents of Marlik Hills, the sun was very important and sacred.

Although mankind gained access to metals in 6th millennium BC, one of the major achievements of Marlik Civilization was its metal industries, especially gunmetal.

Due to the presence of metal ore mines and fuel sources such as wood in Marlik region, gunmetal workshops were built in this region and production of gunmetal was high.

One of the other products of Marlik industry is its glass cups that are said to be one of the first examples of glasswork.

Items unearthed in Marlik Hills include ornaments, weapons, dishes and statues made of clay and metal, which are displayed at Iran’s National Museum in Tehran.

Marlik Hills are a source of honor for the people of Gilan province and the historical civilization of this region.




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Location: Rudbar City, Gilan Province



Days of trip: (Without air plane) 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 3-4 hr driving from Tehran to Roudbar)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: May to October

Daily time visit: No limit

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track...

Legal permission need: No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk:No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: in some region Yes


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Hotel: in Rudbar City Yes

Shop: in Rudbar City Yes

Gasoline: in Rudbar City Yes


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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or Wast terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus ticket to Roudbar.(Distance between Tehran to Roudbar is 267 Km)
2- Take a taxi to Marlik Hills.(Distance between Roudbar to Marlik Hills is 13 Km)


Nearest airport: Rasht airport

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 Km


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Location on map:



Pictures:

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Parvaneh
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Re: Marlik Hills

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Apr 12, 2015 12:31 pm

The Marlik Hills are the most important of these hills. The historical hills of this valley, including the Marlik Hills have buried the remains of a forgotten ancient civilization. Marlik Hills have embedded a valuable and precious treasure of art and human civilization throughout several centuries. They are natural and rocky hills, made of iron sulfate stones.

Marlik excavations took place throughout 1961 and 1962 with the cooperation of Tehran University and the Department of Archeology. In continuation of these excavations, it was revealed that these hills are home to the ancient tombs and cemeteries of forgotten ethnicities. These hills have possibly been the site of the private tombs of local rulers, who governed this region in late second millennium and early first millennium BC. They laid to rest the deceased along with their valuable objects in these tombs based on the then common traditions.

Twenty five tombs were discovered in this region, in the company of objects such as gunmetal and ceramic dishes, decorative buttons, arrows, swords, daggers, bronze and ceramic statues, helmets, spears, golden and gunmetal needles, and a number of other items. Also paintings of humans, plants, and animals such as bulls, and unicorns, toys for children and a few other items were discovered which manifest the culture and lifestyle of these ethnicities and show their belief in life after death.

The garments unearthed at Marlik Hills manifest the emergence and progress of weaving industry in Gilan Province, several thousand years ago.

One of the items discovered is a stone which has been engraved and another stone with the painting of a hunting resort. According to archeologists, these items date back to more than 3,000 years ago.

The unique example of these discovered items is the Marlik Cup, which is made of pure gold and maintains an 18-centimeter height. At the bottom of this cup a beautiful flower has been painted. In the middle of the flower, the sun has been depicted, whose rays are scattered. For the ancient residents of Marlik Hills, the sun was very important and sacred.

Although mankind gained access to metals in 6th millennium BC, one of the major achievements of Marlik Civilization was its metal industries, especially gunmetal industry. Due to presence of metal ore mines, and fuel sources such as woods in Marlik region, gunmetal industry workshops were built in this region and production of gunmetal was highly promoted. One of the other products of Marlik industry is its glass cups which are said to be one of the first examples of glasswork industry.

The items unearthed in Marlik Hills include ornaments, weapons, home items, dishes, and statues made of mud and metal which have been put on display for the public at Iran National Museum in Tehran.

A visit to Marlik Hills is coveted by many tourists. Marlik Hills are a source of honor for the people of Gilan Province and the historical civilization of this region. Other attractions of the city of Roudbaar include the Tomb of Shah Shahidaan Amarlou, and Darafk Volcano.


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