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Ashuradeh- Ashur Ada-Ashura Deh-Ashoora deh-Ashooradeh

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Ashuradeh- Ashur Ada-Ashura Deh-Ashoora deh-Ashooradeh

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Dec 03, 2013 1:46 pm

Introduction: Ashūradeh (Persian: آشوراده‎), or Ashur Ada (Russian: Ашур-Ада), is the only island of the Iranian coast of the Caspian Sea. Ashuradeh's surface is 800 hectares (2,000 acres). It is located on the eastern end of the Miankaleh peninsula in the county of Behshahr of Māzandarān Province of Iran, 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) from Bandar Torkaman and 23 kilometers (14 mi) from Gorgan.
The island can be reached via Bandar Torkaman. Over 40% of Iran's caviar is produced near Ashūradeh Island.

History
Ashuradeh was formerly inhabited by 300 families, but the village is now deserted. This island was occupied by Russian forces in 1837 despite protests from Persia. Following the occupation, the Russian Army maintained a military post on the island for a few decades.


Location: county of Behshahr of Māzandarān Province.

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 7-8 hr driving from Tehran to Ashouradeh)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: No limit

Daily time visit: No

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: -

Legal permission need: No

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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: in Some region Yes

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Hotel: in Bandar Torkaman Yes

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: No

Village: No

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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), Also you can use train.
2- Take a bus ticket to Bandar Torkaman
3- Take a boat from Bandar Torkaman to Ashuradeh.


Nearest airport: Gorgan or Neka airport

Nearest train station: Bandar Torkaman Station

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Location on map:




Pictures:
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Re: Ashuradeh

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Dec 04, 2013 6:16 am

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Re: Ashuradeh

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Dec 04, 2013 6:18 am

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Re: Ashuradeh

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Dec 04, 2013 6:19 am

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Re: Ashuradeh

Postby Parvaneh » Thu Jan 30, 2014 12:25 pm

Ashuradeh is the only island of the Iranian coast of the Caspian Sea and has a sandy surface of 800 hectares. It is located on the eastern end of the Miankaleh peninsula in the Golestan province of Iran, 3 kilometers from Bandar Torkaman and 23 kilometers from Gorgan. The island can be reached via Bandar Torkaman and its approximate altitude is about -28 from free sea level. Ashuradeh is one of the main areas for fishing sturgeon, the fish that provides one of Iran’s invaluable assets, its caviar. Over 40% of Iran's caviar is produced near Ashuradeh Island. Prior to the 80s, Turkman was one of the significant active ports of the country, both attracting tourists and functioning as the base for oil export to the Soviet Union. The situation of the port however declined during the 8-year Iran-Iraq war, leaving the one and only island of the Caspian Sea paralyzed.


Initially the island was connected to the mainland. However, as a result of digging the manmade Khozeini Canal the land that connects this island to the shore has been cut off and the connection with Miankaleh peninsula has been interrupted so Ashuradeh has become an independent Island. From its southern border, Ashurzadeh is bounded to the Gorgan bay and southern coast of Torkaman port, from the western part to Khozeyini Canal and from the north it is bounded to Caspian Sea. In the most historical resources Ashuradeh is known as an archipelago containing three Islands. Gradually over time the two smaller islands at the end of it have been submerged, leaving the one remaining island.


Ashuradeh Island generally has the eco system of dry regions. There are limited types of agricultural coverage including, but not limited to, fruit trees. Wild life also exists in the area. The island is the habitat for two groups of immigrant and native birds and also some mammals.


The island generally has moderate temperatures. The rainfall of the region decreases from south to north, so Ashuradeh as one of the eastern part of this region, has the minimum rainfall. Wind has great effect on Island’s environment. Intensive winds move the sand and create waves on the sea. Generally the wind blows from eastward although in the winter it is replaced with a south-western blowing wind with Siberian origin. The continuous winds moderate the weather and decrease the humidity of air in the summer at the island.


Ashuradeh was formerly inhabited by 300 families, but the village is now deserted. This island was occupied by Russian forces in 1837 despite protests from Iran. Following the occupation, the Russian Army maintained a military post on the island for a few decades. During the reign of Mohammad Shah Qajar, the Russians built some commercial and residential buildings and also a military castle on the island. At that time the inhabitants of the island were mainly Russian and there were few Iranians. The Russians vacated the island following the collapse of the Tsar government. In the age of Reza Shah a castle was built in the island which was used as a border post up to until a few decades ago. At the present there are two historical buildings in the island; the Russian castle and the house of Russian Minister Plenipotentiary.


Iranian habitation in this Island started in the 1950s as during these years Iran fisheries established facilities there, thus attracting many Iranians to the island for commercial purposes. Today, the island's life is limited to fishery establishments and its raspberry bushes serve as a shelter to the jackals, which were doomed to stay in this sandy island for their lifetime once Ashuradeh was separated from the Miankaleh peninsula. For many of the residents of Golestan Province, Ashuradeh is a waterless and plantless island, where there is no flow of life. Meanwhile, tourists consider it as the only island in the Caspian Sea with sandy grounds, sour pomegranate trees and raspberry bushes and sturgeon.


In 2005 an agreement was signed to reconcile on constructing tourism facilities in this peninsular region while observing the environmental measures. But the future of the project still remains uncertain. After several disputes over Ashuradeh and its endangered natural habitat, the tourism project was suspended with the final decision resting upon a ruling by the court.

http://historicaliran.blogspot.com/2009 ... sland.html

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Ashuradeh Island to become tourism hub

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Mar 26, 2014 1:59 pm

Ashuradeh Island to become tourism hub

Ashuradeh, located at the tip of Miyankaleh, is the only Iranian island in the Caspian Sea which, as per the proposal of Golestan’s Department of Environment, will become a tourism hub, Iran Daily reported.

The island has unique attractions and is one of the important hubs of tourism, but its potentials have not yet been utilized effectively. It is situated 3 km from the coast of Turkmen Port and is bound to Caspian Sea in the north, Chopoq Oghli Strait in the east, Khazini water canal in the east and Gulf of Gorgan in the south.
Some historical documents state that Ashuradeh consisted of three islands two of which have been submerged by tidal waves, Mehr News Agency reported.
Potentials
In the third presidential trip to Golestan in October 2010, a working group for following up Ashuradeh’s problems was formed. It was decided that environmental and tourism projects be carried out in accordance with environmental considerations.
Officials have emphasized that this will help generate more jobs and lead to the economic prosperity of the region.
The issue of separating Ashuradeh from Miyankaleh Biosphere Reserve in Mazandaran province has been a source of debate among the environmental officials of Golestan and Mazandaran provinces.
Sasan Alinejad, the director general of Golestan’s Department of Environment, said developmental activities should be lawful and expectations should be based on capabilities and potentials.
“With regard to Ashuradeh Island, the type of tourism activity we want for this island should be determined. Ashuradeh can offer its capacities to the province, but it must be borne in mind that those who visit the country’s northern provinces are not looking for a hotel and want to enjoy its pristine natural resources,” he said.
Alinejad emphasized that Ashuradeh cannot be created elsewhere and it is more appropriate to maintain it as it is.
“We have certain duties that we cannot fulfill due to the prevailing inefficient organizational structure. The pivotal point of development is human resources and development can bring peace and calm only when social justice is heeded. If we want to prevent migration, we should create the parameters needed for development. Progress takes place within the framework of the environment,” he said.
Topography
The total area of Ashuradeh Island is about 1,200 hectares, though only 400 hectares of it are usable. This island was a hunting area during the Safavid era and consequently castles were built in it.
Due to the rise in the Caspian Sea water level, Ashurdaeh Island separated from Miyankaleh. The island is 26 meters above the level of free waters and it has mild climatic conditions.
The island had over 1,000 residents and boasted of facilities such as police station, junior high school, shops, mosque and Husseiniyeh (a place for holding religious ceremonies). People of the area bred livestock, were laborers and fishermen until the flood swamped the island in 1993 and all its inhabitants abandoned it.
The flora of the island include raspberry bushes and sour pomegranate trees. Animals like jackal, fox, rabbit, fish and partridge are found on the island.
Based on the Cabinet approval, this Iranian island is expected to rival Iran’s Kish Island in the north. The Cabinet has ordered that a special working group be formed to expedite the development of the island.

http://english.irib.ir/radioculture/ira ... ourism-hub


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Re: Ashuradeh- Ashur Ada-Ashura Deh-Ashoora deh-Ashooradeh

Postby Parvaneh » Sun May 04, 2014 1:22 pm

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Re: Ashuradeh- Ashur Ada-Ashura Deh-Ashoora deh-Ashooradeh

Postby Parvaneh » Sun May 04, 2014 1:23 pm

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Re: Ashuradeh- Ashur Ada-Ashura Deh-Ashoora deh-Ashooradeh

Postby Parvaneh » Sun May 04, 2014 1:28 pm

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Re: Ashuradeh- Ashur Ada-Ashura Deh-Ashoora deh-Ashooradeh

Postby Kakvdekopl » Sun Apr 12, 2015 11:14 am

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