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Niavaran Palace Complex

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Niavaran Cultural and Historic Complex

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Jun 09, 2014 11:33 am

This complex, which is in an 11 hectare garden in the North of Tehran, has a lot of natural and historical beauties and attractions. The build- ings of this complex date back to the Qajar and Pahlavi dynasties. The Qajar kings chose this place because of its pleasant climate as their summer residence. The summer garden of Fath Ali Shah was built on where used to be a reed bed and it was called “Neyavaran”, which was later known as Niavaran. Mohammad Shah built a small and simple building in this garden, and following him, Nasser al-Din Shah built the Sahebqraniyeh Palace in this garden. The last building that was built in this garden, during the Qajar period, is known as Ahmad Shah Koshk [Palace]. These buildings were transferred to the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance in 1360, and in 1365, the Niavaran Palace Museum was first opened to the public. In 1368, the Higher Education Center for Cultural Heritage was inaugurated in the place of the special school. In later years, the jahan-Nama Museum and other palaces were opened to the public.
Palaces: Ahmad Shahi Palace, Sahebqraniyeh Palace, Jahan-Nama
Museum Library
Library: The specialized library of Niavaran Palace was built on the eastern end of the Palace building with an area of 770 m2 in two floors in 1355. This building is based on the modern style of architec- ture and makes use of an ingenious mixture of glass and stone forms. In the interior design of the building, the mixture of glass and bronze is used on many surfaces. Moreover, a large mixture of cubes, includ- ing more than 3,000 transparent cylinders handles the lighting of the library. This collection includes more than 23,000 volumes of books, mostly in the Persian and French languages about literature and art history. The oldest of these books was printed in 1609 in Paris, and the most recent one entered the library in January, 1979. An art col- lection with more than 350 items including paintings, and sculptures are housed in the library. These works are a sample of the modern history of art, especially the modernist movement in Iranian art from the 30s and 40s decades in the Iranian calendar. This museum was inaugurated in 1383 on the international day of museums.
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Niavaran Park

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Jun 14, 2014 6:09 am

Niavaran Park
The Niavaran Park was built in 1342, with an area of six hectares. It was designed by English designers and the architect Sardar Afkhami. The construction of Niavaran Park was completed in 1348, with an area of 62,000 m2 it is located on the beginning of Shahid Bahonar Street. It is one of the special parks in the region and the Greater Tehran. In this park, which consists of different floors, multiple stairs are constructed which are considered as the park’s unique features. Two of its entrances are located, one on the north of Pasdaran Street and the other on the south of Pasdaran Street.
The waterfront of this park, which has an area of 3,320 m2, displays a unique feature of this park. The green space of Niavaran Park is the combination of 8,000 m2 of flowers, 20,000 m2 of grass, and many beautiful trees. To provide the lighting of the green space in Niavaran Park, 434 lamp posts are used. Niavaran Park houses of the oldest plane trees in Tehran. This 150 year old tree, which stands at 20 me- ters high, and with a stem circumference of 80.2 stands out in Nia- varan Park. Different sections of the park include: Children Cultural Center building in which English classes are held under the auspices of the Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults and which used to be a library with an amphitheater. There is also a skating track which was built in 1373, playground, prayer room, 3 restrooms, and 4 large pools.
Facilities:
Library, amphitheater, buffet, playground, lake, waterfront, park fur- niture (benches, trash bins, lamp posts, flower pots, drinking foun- tains), green space (grass, covering plants, forest, roses and shrubs, flowers and flower planting).
Reminder: this park has an audio system for the announcement of prayer time.



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Niavaran

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Jun 14, 2014 6:31 am

Niavaran

End of Pasdaran Street, in front of Niavaran Park.
The Niavaran Cultural Center was opened in 1356, with an area of
25,000 m2. Kamran Diba, was the architect and designer of the cul- tural center, he also designed and implemented the Museum of Fine Arts and Shafaq Park. This cultural center operates under the special auspices of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance. The interior space of the center includes the main hall, entitled Niavaran Audito- rium with a capacity of 300 people, Corner Hall with a capacity of 100 people, library, gallery, restaurant, and offices.
The library of the center stores specialized art books, and the gal- lery has three halls, in which photography, painting, calligraphy, and sculpture exhibitions are held. Also, the center’s restaurant operates on the second floor. The active units in this cultural center include: Visual arts unit which is responsible for the holding of various exhi-
bitions in different days. The performance unit which is responsible for various performances. The music unit which in addition to hold- ing foreign and domestic music courses is also responsible for the performance of concerts and musical research programs. The cin- ema unit includes a specialized film house with 26 subject program and one-film, one-screenplay research programs. Also, on Saturdays, movies of the day are premiered. No training classes are held in this center.
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