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Babak Castle-Babak Fort-Ghale Babak-Ghaleh Babak

Helpful information about castles & caravansary in Iran like name, introduction, maps, requirements and...

Babak Castle-Babak Fort-Ghale Babak-Ghaleh Babak

Postby Mehdi » Wed Oct 30, 2013 8:05 am

Introduction: Bābak Fort or Babak Castle (Persian: دژ بابک or قلعه بابک‎ Azerbaijani: بابک قلعه سي ), also known as the Immortal Castle or Republic Castle, is a large citadel and National Symbol of Iranians on the top of a mountain in the Arasbaran forests, which is located 6 km southwest of Kalibar City in northwestern Iran. It has been identified as the stronghold of Bābak Khorramdin, the leader of the Khurramites in Azarbaijan who fought the Islamic caliphate of Abbassids. Iranian Azarbaijanis gather at Babak Castle during the first weekend in July for the annual commemoration of Babak Khorramdin.

The ascent to the Castle is not for the infirm, elderly, or those afraid of heights. A series on long, and in places, broken steps lead the traveler to the top of a hill from where there are several choices for further ascent. The easiest is straight in front of the steps and consists of a long dirt track. As there are no sign posts towards the Castle, walk towards the peak on your left hand side but do not leave the dirt track. You will need hiking boots, a sun hat, plenty of water, and at least 3 hours for the climb, and 2 hours for the descent. At the end of the dirt track, turn left onto the rocky mountain side, and beware of slipping. The first of sign of the ruins will appear on your left, but do not become too complacent: the actual Castle is another 2 peaks march away.

The first peak offers spectacular views of the Castl. After ascending a second peak, with its own ruins, you will see the Castle perched on top a jagged cliff. Ascending the Castle steps is a dangerous process, as there are sheer cliffs on your right hand side, and no protective rails or fences to prevent a fall of several hundred meters. Take extreme care of the edge, and hold onto your children.

Once you have climbed the pinnacle of the cliff, you will truly appreciated the amazing effort in building and maintaining a fort at this altitude. Unfortunately, you will also have to tolerate the graffiti on the ancient walls, and young people playing chicken on top of the Castle walls. Under no circumstances should you even consider climbing these walls: first, this can damage the ancient structure, and second, a fall of several thousands of meters would lead to certain death. Nevertheless, the strenuous climb is well worth it: the surrounding Arasbaran oak forest, jagged cliffs, mountains in the distance, and the history of the place combine to create one of Iran's most beautiful vistas.

Also see Arasbaran forest (Garadag)


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Location: Kelibar city, East Azarbaijan province

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 2-3 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 10-12 hr driving from Tehran to the castle and need 4-5 hr hiking)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: May to October

Daily time visit: No permission at night

Difficulty level: Moderately Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, waterproof shoes, headlamp

Legal permission need: No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: There are a few number of wild animals like bear, wolf and leopard in this jungle. But no human attack has been reported.

Lost risk: Yes

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115 but rescue teams need a long time to find you because there is no road there.

GSM Mobile Antenna: No


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Hotel: No

Shop: No

Gasoline: No

Village: No


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How to get there:
1- Go to West terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus ticket to Kelaybar or Tabriz.
3- Take a taxi to the castle and start hiking


Nearest airport: No airport less than 100 km

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 km


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Location on map:




Pictures:
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More Pictures:

http://www.anobanini.net/forum/showthread.php?2301
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Re: Babak Castle (Babak Fort)

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Jan 26, 2014 1:45 pm

The Babak Fortress, also known as the Immortal Castle or Republic Castle, is a large citadel located in Bez Mountain in the Arasbaran forests, which is 16 kilometers southwest of Kalibar City in northwestern Iran. It is attributed as the stronghold of Babak Khorramdin, the leader of the Khurramites, and his followers for their resistance movement in Azerbaijan fighting the Tazi Abbassids. Despite the relatively short distance from Kalibar to the Fortress, it takes some three hours of mountaineering in rocky terrain to gain access to it.


The Babak Fortress is a unique heritage of East Azerbaijan, built on 2300-2600 meter heights, with valleys 400-600 meters deep all around. The architecture of the building resembles that employed in the building of Takht’e Soleiman historical complex in the neighboring West Azarbaijan which was built in the Sassanid era Just one narrow dusty road leads to the fortress, and to reach it one has to pass a temple along a 200 meter hallway. Despite its harsh access route, the citadel has unique natural characteristics as the region's mountainous features can be one of the most important factors drawing people to the site.


The citadel houses two two-story and three-story buildings. Its main hall is surrounded by seven connected rooms. To the east of the fortress, there are a number of rooms and water reservoirs. In winter, the reservoirs would be filled with rain and snow and used in times of trouble such as when under siege. The internal building of the citadel comprises a hall, four rooms connected to it, an entrance and a place for soldiers.


Experts believe the Babak Fortress has been residential during the 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th centuries. Pottery works discovered in the castle all pertain to the Seljuk, Ilkhani and Timurid periods. The first relics to be found in the site were glazed, decorated porcelains which show settlement until the 14th century. Copper coins were the next yields of the Fortress.


In 2003 some emergency restoration and fortification of the Babak Fotress was completed. There are further plans to construct a tourism village on the slopes of the Babak Citadel site. The village will be built in a 30,000 square meter area by Iran’s Touring and Tourism Organization. It will be have several inns, restaurants, villas, and leisure parks while tourist accommodations are also being constructed in the Mokaidi and Aynaloo valleys.


In 2006 following excavations and removing of debris, some important parts of this fortress, which had previously been unknown, were unearthed. The most important of such discoveries was finding of a staircase with a double-floor building. Also a 4.5 by 5.5 meter room with two windows, which must have been a guard room, was discovered during the latest excavations in this historical site. There is a 35-meter corridor beside the room leading to two (already unearthed) towers.


Every year people will gather in the fort on July 9th to celebrate Babak Khorramdin’s resistance movement. The historical citadel has been registered in the National Heritage list since 1966.

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Babak Castle

Postby Parvaneh » Tue Dec 30, 2014 8:10 am

President Babak Castle or Castle Heights Great River west branch of the nomads is Sou .
Babak Castle , a fortress on the mountain peaks around 2300 to 2700 meters above sea level .
Kaleybar distance of 3 km does not exceed the castle, although it is difficult to pass through it , and transitions to dangerous to be left behind . This approach is about 200 meters away from the castle rampart against it.
From this point the road Svbt certain grandeur of lofty castle and its stunning location urges the viewer to wonder .
The main gate is the only way to penetrate the mountains, there is no possibility to enter the castle .with a narrow forest Zhrfayy about 400 meters into the valley bottom slab and walls to continue.
Natural abutment wall and four to build four semi- cylindrical Place To Watch are made. These mountains Banyh headquarters and soldiers of every living creature so miles away, over the valleys and foothills were observed . After climbing to login to the main stronghold of the other entries must be some flight went erratic . Parties to the entrance of the fort, is characterized by two pseudo columns .
In the eastern part of the fortress complex of rooms and other facilities built cisterns , roof water reservoirs have been built with arches sternopericardial and rocking . Their local area and are impenetrable by a mortar during the winter when snow and rain filled summer Mzayq and is surrounded by water they are using .
In the second and third centuries and centuries after it has been repaired and restored where there are changes and additions have been made in the building .

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Babak castle

Postby Parvaneh » Sat Jan 31, 2015 1:40 pm

Antiquity: Sasanian period
location: 190 kilometers northeast of Tabriz
Babak castle at 190 kilometers northeast of Tabriz is located at 16 km West of Kalayber over ghara su river altitude. The castle consists of several tower and walls which circular towers made from stone and Sarooj and great walls made from granite. An area of the castle is ten thousand square meters and its construction attributed to the Sasanian period. In the third century this castle was one of major and strong bases of Babak Khorram-Din at war with the Abbasid caliphs. In recent decades, the results of exploration, Several furnace and several earthenware related to third century AD And pottery related to late seventh century AD And coins from Atabak period were discovered. The castle was formerly known as Band castle and later this word changed to(goat castle)and after Babak uprisings became famous to Babak castle.
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Re: Babak Castle-Babak Fort-Ghale Babak-Ghaleh Babak

Postby Kakvdekopl » Sun Apr 12, 2015 11:26 am

Thank you for the informative posts.
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