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Rud-khan Castle-Rood-khan Castle-Ghale Rud Khan-Ghaleh Roud Khan-Qaleh Roudkhan-Qal'eh Roudkhan

Helpful information about castles & caravansary in Iran like name, introduction, maps, requirements and...

Rud-khan Castle-Rood-khan Castle-Ghale Rud Khan-Ghaleh Roud Khan-Qaleh Roudkhan-Qal'eh Roudkhan

Postby Mehdi » Wed Oct 30, 2013 8:36 am

Introduction: Rud-khan Castle (also Rood-khan Castle) (Persian:قلعه رودخان) is a brick and stone medieval castle in Iran.

Located 25 km southwest of Foman city north of Iran in Gilan province, it is a military complex which had been constructed during the Seljuk Dynasty by followers of the Ismā'īlī sect. The castle is built on two tips of a mount, with an area of 2.6 hectares (6.4 acres). Its architects have benefited from natural mountainous features in the construction of the fort.

The Rudkhan Castle River originates in the surrounding heights and flows from south to north.

After crossing a mountainous winding route with dense forests, the first thing that one notices about the castle is its big entrance gate.
Rudkhan Castle sits at the two peaks of a mountain at elevations of 715 and 670 metres and contains strong fortifications and battlements at a length of 1,550 metres. The castle's 42 towers still stand intact.


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Location: Foman city, Gialn province

Days of trip: (Without air plane) 2 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need About 6-8 hr driving from Tehran to the castle and need 4-5 hr hiking)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: May to October

Daily time visit: No permission at night

Difficulty level: Moderately Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, waterproof shoes, headlamp

Legal permission need: No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115 but rescue teams need a long time to find you because there is no road there.

GSM Mobile Antenna: No


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Hotel: No

Shop: No

Gasoline: No

Village: No


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How to get there:
1- Go to West terminal of buses in Tehran (more info)
2- Take a bus ticket to Foman.(Distance from Tehran to Foman is 470 Km)
3- Take a taxi to the castle and start hiking


Nearest airport: No airport less than 100 km

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 km


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Location on map:




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Roudkhan Castle

Postby Parvaneh » Sun Dec 15, 2013 8:17 am

Roudkhan Castle

Roudkhan castle is one of the most magnificent historical buildings in Gilan province which is located on the crest of a mountain and is called by locals “Zhiyeh Castle”.

The castle is located on a mountain 25 km southwest of Fuman city, which is part of Gurabpas mountains, situated at the central district of Fuman. The castle has an area of 2.6 hectares and is located on the heights overlooking Roudkhan village. Its wall is 1,500 m long and the castle has 65 towers.

The castle was rehabilitated under the Seljuk rule and was a base for Ishmaelite fighters. There is a plaque on its entrance which reads, “This castle has been built for Sultan Hesamoddin Amir Dabbaj ibn Amir Alaeddin Eshaq between 918 and 921 AH.”

The castle is 665-715 m from sea level and is near a river carrying the same name. Roudkhan is an abbreviation for “river and castle of Khan”, that is, a castle which is located near river. This historical castle has been built near a river and is known as Roudkhan castle. The castle has been alternatively called “One Thousand Steps”, “Hesami”, and “Saksar” castle too.

Roudkhan castle, which is also known as Saksar and Hesami castle, has an area of over 2.4 hectares and a wall 1,550 m long with 42 watchtowers. There are loopholes in the thick wall of the castle through which molten metal was poured on assailants and through which archers targeted the enemy. In the past, there has been a spring inside the castle, which was used by the inhabitants when they were under siege.

The important historical castle has been the seat of Gilan governments for a long time. It is said to date back to the Sassanid period and after destruction, it has been rebuilt under the Seljuk rule. It was a base for Ishmaelite clan and was used by local rulers up to the Zand dynasty. Thereafter, it was abandoned. The exact date of its construction, however, is still a mystery. Since Fuman has been the seat of Gilan government for a long time (after Eshaqvand dynasty) the castle has gained more in importance. Unreliable stories have it that Mirza Kouchak Khan Jangali has taken shelter there for a period of three years.

Roudkhan castle has two parts: 1. a citadel where the king and his harem lived; and 2. barracks for soldiers. On the eastern side of Roudkhan castle, there are ruins. The wall encircling the castle and watchtowers can be seen to the north and south of the castle. Octagonal rooms made of brick are still seen on the topside of the castle.

The eastern wing is smaller than the western wing and includes 12 entrances, a prison, an emergency exit, bathhouse, water closet, and a number of residential units. The bigger western wing includes 12 entrances, a spring, water pool, water storage facility, bathhouse, water closet, the king’s seat, and a number of residential units which are encircled by a wall. The citadel is located on the west wing of the castle and has two stories. It is made of brick. Guardhouses are located on the east wing in two stories with many loopholes which gives them good command over the environs. There are also steep loopholes in the wall which were used in old times to pour molten metal over enemy soldiers. The castle was never conquered by assailants and this shows how skillful its architects have been, either in terms of military science or architecture. At the first sight, every visitor would notice its huge drawbridge and magnificent tower. The main gate is flanked by two guardhouses. Entrance of the gate has five platforms made of stone which are one meter high. Water storage facility is located at the west wing with a five-meter door made of stone which is 2 m wide. It is located beneath the lowest level of the castle, 140 m away from the entrance gate and is shaped like an octagonal each side of which measuring 2 meters.

The whole castle is made of stone and bricks. More vulnerable parts are made of stone and mortar. Most rooms, towers, and dome-shaped ceilings are made of bricks and plaster. An interesting feature of this huge castle is a cobble-stoned staircase among forest trees and you can hear birds singing while going up them. That staircase has been built by Gilan Province Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization.

Source:iranreview

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Re: Rud-khan Castle-Rood-khan Castle-Ghale Rood Khan-Ghaleh Rood Khan

Postby Parvaneh » Thu Jan 30, 2014 12:14 pm

Rudkhan Castle is a brick and stone medieval castle in Iran. Located 25 km southwest of Foman city north of Iran in Gilan province, it is a military complex which had been constructed during the Seljuk Dynasty. The Castle is built on two tips of a mount, with an area of 50,000 square meters. Its architects have benefited from natural mountainous features in the construction of the fort. The Alborz and its northerly forests became impregnable fortresses for outlaws and sects such as the Ismailis that were seen by the Caliph as heretical. It cuts off a narrow spur to occupy the whole length of a precipitous ridge. Such a position could only be assaulted by trying to starve the defenders out.


Preliminary evidence uncovered by digging indicate suggest the foundation of the structure was built in the Sasanian era and rebuilt in the Seljuks reign. Still, there is no precise information regarding the date of its construction. It has been continually used up until the Zandieh Dynasty. Above its front entrance is an inscribed plaque (which has since been removed and is currently on display in a museum in Rasht) stating that the fort had been renovated for the first time between the years 1539 and 1542 for Sultan Hesamoddin and during that time was also known as the Hesami Fort.


A river known as `Rudkhan Castle River' also exists near the castle, which originates from the surrounding heights and flows from south to north. After crossing a mountainous winding route with dense forests, the first thing that one notices about the castle is its big entrance gate. The entrance gate is set on the northern wing of the castle and is composed of a gate and two towers on its two sides.


On the west side of the Fort lies a main entrance (surrounded by two tall towers), residential quarters, a bath and a running spring passing through. This spring was the main water source for the Fort and following an earthquake in Gilan it ran dry, although since then it has been resurrected thanks to the efforts of Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization. The east side of the Fort is a bit smaller and has more military characteristics. It consists of two towers, another entrance, a prison and an emergency exit. Above the north and south walls are a number of octagonal areas and the deliberate cracks in the walls of them are assumed to have been for monitoring the adjacent area and shooting arrows at approaching troops.


Though being threatened and even partly eroded by excessive humidity and vegetations rooting in the chinks of its old but lofty walls, Rudkhan castle is still in very good condition as compared to other castles of the same era.


http://historicaliran.blogspot.com/2009 ... astle.html

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"Qaleh Roudkhan", a village with attractive landscape

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Mar 26, 2014 1:08 pm

"Qaleh Roudkhan", a village with attractive landscape

"Qaleh Roudkhan" village is located 22 km southwest of the city of Fouman in Gilan Province, in a mountainous region.
The residential fiber of this village is nearly centralized and it has a mountainous moderate climate. Roudkhan is short for Roudkhaneh or river, and Qaleh Roudkhan is a castle in the vicinity of a river which in the past used to be one of the residences of Gilan's rulers. The people of this village speak Taleshi and Gilaki, which are the common languages in this region. A lion's share of these villagers' incomes is from farming, animal husbandry, and breeding silkworm. This village has a picturesque landscape. The houses are normally two floors. Their floor is made of wooden and mud-and-straw logs. The ground floor is used throughout the winter, while the upper floor and balcony are used in the summer. The majority of these villagers use local clothing. Women prepare handicrafts in their spare time. This village's handcrafts include a variety of woolen knitted clothing, scarves, socks, chadors, and gloves. The residents of this village, like villages in other regions of Iran, perform special ceremonies on different occasions. One of the most important ceremonies of this village is the one in which the participants sing poems prior to the Iranian New Year "Norouz". Other ceremonies include firing a gun to seek sunshine; cooking soup to pray for rainfall; and special ceremonies that are held when rice is harvested.
What has made this village famous is the existence of a castle in its vicinity. According to experts, the castle dates back to the Sassanid era (3rd to 7th Century AD). It was rebuilt throughout the 11th and 12th Century AD, during the Seljuqid era, and was one of the strongholds of the Ismailis. This castle named Qaleh Roudkhan is also well-known as Qaleh Kohan; Qaleh Hesami; and Qaleh Hezarpelleh.
This huge castle is located on the pinnacle of a mountain in the heart of the forest, twenty km southwest of Fouman. To reach this castle, one has to go through the city of Fouman and a number of villages. Then you have to cover a three kilometer distance on foot, before climbing the numerous steps. This scenic landscape with ever-green forests and turbulent river has become well-known as "Daalaan-e Behesht" or Corridors of Paradise among people and mountaineers. Spring and summer are the best seasons for visiting this beautiful region. However, enthusiasts can visit this beautiful castle in all seasons.
As we said earlier Qaleh Roudkhan used to be one of the important historical castles and a residence of Gilan's rulers. It is considered as one of the largest and most magnificent historical fortresses of Gilan and even Iran. Qaleh Roudkhan covers 50,000 square meters and is located at a 600-meter-plus altitude. Its wall is 1,500 meters in length. For the first time in the year 1830, Alexander Khechco, the Polish-Russian researcher conducted archeological studies about this castle. He writes: "Qaleh Roudkhan is a fortress on the peak of the mountain, in the vicinity of a river with the same name. Its roof is made of stones, and bricks. On the sides of the entry gate, there are two bastions and over the main entry gate there is a manuscript, according to which this castle has been renovated through 918 AH to 921 AH.
This manuscript is currently kept at the museum of the city of Rasht.
Qaleh Roudkhan could be called a one of the wonders of Gilan's architecture. Selection of an appropriate location; usage of strong construction materials; application of different architectural styles; formation of a variety of geometrical shapes has bestowed special grandeur to this complex. The general form of the castle is irregular and consists of two western and eastern sections. Forty watchtowers surround the castle, while their octagonal chambers are covered with vaulted roofs. Throughout the walls and towers there are holes with slopes inclined outwards, formed to pour molten substances and boiling water and to shoot at the enemy without being seen. Based on historical evidence, no attacker ever managed to penetrate or conquer this castle, which proves the high skills and technology of the architects of this building in the fields of military sciences and the science of architecture.
This castle has two sections, namely one royal residence for the king and royal family, and another residence for soldiers and military activities. The royal residence is a 2-storey brick building located in the western section. The residences of soldiers are also 2-storeyed and are located in the eastern section of this castle. It completely dominates the surrounding environment. There is a spring in the middle of the castle at its deepest location. The eastern section of the castle includes twelve entry gates, a prison, an emergency door, and a bathroom. The western section of the castle also has twelve entry gates. A spring, a pond, a water store; a cool house, a bathroom, and a number of residential units surrounded with towers are the other buildings of this section.
In general, Qaleh Roudkhan is an important historical monument that has passed the test of time. This castle is currently visited by tourists from Iran and other parts of the world.

http://english.irib.ir/radioculture/ira ... -landscape


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Roudkhan Castle

Postby Parvaneh » Sat May 31, 2014 10:27 am

Roudkhan Castle

Visitors traveling to the south of Fuman reach Heydaralat Village after passing villages known as Kord-Mahalleh, Gourab-Pas and Saeedabad.

There is a forest park in the village.

Visitors travel 4 km to reach a height on which Roudkhan Castle is located. They must walk a distance of 1.5 km on a beautiful road through a forest to reach the castle.

Roudkhan Castle used to be the headquarters of Gilan’s rulers in olden times. Since the castle was renovated later by Hesameddin Amir Dabbaj, it was also known as Hesami Castle.

The castle, spread over three hectares, is located at a height of 650 meters. There is a spring at the foot of the castle.

Roudkhan Castle comprises two separate parts: one used as the residence of the ruler and his family, while the other part housed the guards and servants.

A beautiful building has been built in two stories in the western section of the castle.

Many guard rooms have been arranged in the heart of the castle’s tower. Other parts of castle include a storehouse, exit tunnel and a royal chamber.

Some texts attribute the early construction of Roudkhan Castle to the Sassanid Era while other texts attribute it to the Seljuk Era.
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Qal'eh Roudkhan

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Apr 13, 2015 9:29 am

In every corner of the beautiful Gilan province, one can witness the astounding beauties of nature, alongside pretty historical monuments. In this part of today's program, we introduce the castle, named: "Qal'eh Roudkhan".

Experts believe that this fortification has been constructed in the Sassanid era, from 3rd to 7th Century AD, and has been renovated during the rule of Saljuqid Dynasty in 11th and 12th Century AD.

This huge and astonishing castle is located 20 kilometers southwest of the city of Fouman over the pinnacle of a mountain in a forested region. To reach this castle, we should go through the city of Fouman, several villages, forests, turbulent rivers, and climb several stairs.

This castle is an important heritage of the military fortifications in Gilan region. For a long while, this castle was the ruling center of Gilan rulers. It is considered as one of the largest and most magnificent military fortifications of Gilan and Iran.

The castle covers an area of 50,000 square meters and is situated at over 600-meter altitude, while its wall stretches 1500 meters. For the first time in the year 1830 AD, the Russian researcher of Polish origin, Alexander Shodzeko, performed archeological studies on this fortification. He pointed out: "This castle is situated over a mountain. Its roof is made of stones and bricks. On the two sides of its gateway, there are two defense towers. Over the gateway, an inscription has been installed. Based on the writings of this inscription, this castle was renovated from 918 AH to 921 AH. This inscription is currently kept at Rasht Museum."

This castle has an astounding architecture. The selection of an appropriate site, usage of resistant construction materials, usage of different types of architecture, and formation of a variety of geometrical shapes has granted grandeur to this fortification. The shape of this castle is irregular and consisted of two western and eastern sections.

Forty watchtowers surround this castle. The octagonal chambers of these watchtowers are covered with domes. Across the walls and towers, apertures are seen that have been installed for the purpose of shooting at the enemy forces. Based on historical evidence, the foes have never managed to infiltrate this castle and/or conquer it. This in turn shows the skill and technique of the architects of this castle.

This military fortification is made of a citadel and a garrison. The two-storey citadel is located in the western corner of this castle and is made of bricks. The two-storey garrison is situated in the eastern corner of this castle and maintains several apertures, while looming over its surrounding environment. The eastern section of the castle consists of twelve gateways, a prison, an emergency exit and a bathroom. The western section of the castle also consists of twelve castles, a pond, a water store, a cooler, a bathroom, and several residential units which are surrounded with towers.

This castle is one of the most important historical monuments, and is an attractive site for a large number of tourists, who travel to Gilan Province in northern Iran.

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